K Chmiel

University of California, Davis, Davis, California, United States

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Publications (2)16.28 Total impact

  • K Yoneda · K Peck · M M Chang · K Chmiel · Y P Sher · J Chen · P C Yang · Y Chen · R Wu
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    ABSTRACT: Development of the high-density DNA microarray technique permits the analysis of thousands of genes simultaneously for their differential expression patterns in various biological processes. Through clustering analysis and pattern recognition, the significance of differentially expressed genes can be recognized and correlated with biological events that may take place inside the cell and tissue. With this notion in mind, high-density DNA microarray nylon membrane with colorimetry detection was used to profile the expression of smoke- and hydrogen peroxide-inducible genes in a human bronchial epithelial cell line, HBE1. On the basis of the time course of expression, at least three phases of change in gene expression could be recognized. The first phase is an immediate event in response to oxidant injury. This phase includes induction of the bcl-2 and mdm-2 genes, which are involved in the regulation of apoptosis, and the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase phosphatase 1 (MKP-1) gene, that functions as a regulator of various mitogen-activated protein kinase activities. The second phase, usually 5 h later, includes the induction of various stress proteins and ubiquitin, which are important in providing the chaperone mechanism and the turnover of damaged macromolecules. The third phase, which is 5-10 h later, includes the induction of genes that are apparently involved in reducing oxidative stress by metabolizing reactive oxygen species. In this phase, enzymes associated with tissue and cell remodeling are also elevated. These results demonstrate a complex gene expression array by bronchial epithelial cells in response to the insult of oxidants that are relevant to environmental pollutants.
    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 12/2001; 164(10 Pt 2):S85-9. DOI:10.1164/ajrccm.164.supplement_2.2106062 · 13.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of seven stress proteins including various heat shock proteins [27-kDa (HSP27), 60-kDa (HSP60), 70-kDa (HSP70) and its constitutive form HSC70, and 90-kDa (HSP90) HSPs] and two glucose-regulated proteins [75-kDa (GRP75) and 78-kDa (GRP78) GRPs] in ozone-exposed lungs of nonhuman primates and in cultured tracheobronchial epithelial cells was examined immunohistochemically by various monoclonal antibodies. Heat treatment (42 degrees C) resulted in increased HSP70, HSP60, and HSP27 and slightly increased HSC70 and GRP75 but no increase in GRP78 in primary cultures of monkey tracheobronchial epithelial cells. Ozone exposure did not elevate the expression of these HSPs and GRPs. All of these HSPs including HSP90, which was undetectable in vitro, were suppressed in vivo in monkey respiratory epithelial cells after ozone exposure. Both GRP75 and GRP78 were very low in control cells, and ozone exposure in vivo significantly elevated these proteins. These results suggest that the stress mechanism exerted on pulmonary epithelial cells by ozone is quite different from that induced by heat. Furthermore, differences between in vitro and in vivo with regard to activation of HSPs and GRPs suggest a secondary mechanism in vivo, perhaps related to inflammatory response after ozone exposure.
    The American journal of physiology 10/1999; 277(3 Pt 1):L511-22. · 3.28 Impact Factor