[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina, is one of the major wheat diseases worldwide and poses a constant threat to common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production and food security. Results from the F2 and F2:3 populations derived from a cross between resistant line Fundulea 900 and susceptible cultivar Thatcher indicated that a single dominant gene, tentatively designated LrFun, conferred resistance to leaf rust. In order to identify other possible genes in Fundulea 900, nine P. triticina pathotypes avirulent on Fundulea 900 were used to inoculate F2:3 families. The results showed that at least two leaf rust resistance genes were present in Fundulea 900. A total of 1,706 pairs of simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers were used to test the parents and resistant and susceptible bulks. Eight polymorphic markers from chromosome 7BL were used for genotyping the F2 and F2:3 populations. LrFun was linked to eight SSR loci on chromosome 7BL. The two closest flanking SSR loci were Xgwm344 and Xwmc70, with genetic distances of 4.4 and 5.7 cM, respectively. At present four leaf rust resistance genes, Lr14a, Lr14b, Lr68 and LrBi16, are located on chromosome 7BL. In a seedling test with 12 P. triticina isolates, the reaction patterns of LrFun were different from those of lines carrying Lr14a, Lr14b and LrBi16. Lr68 is an adult plant resistance gene, and it is different from the seedling resistance gene LrFun. Therefore, we concluded that LrFun is a new leaf rust resistance gene.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neijiang 977671 and 19 near-isogenic lines with known leaf rust resistance genes were inoculated with 12 pathotypes of Puccinia triticina for postulation of leaf rust resistance genes effective at the seedling stage. The reaction pattern of Neijiang 977671 differed from those of the lines with known leaf rust resistance genes used in the test, indicating that Neijiang 977671 may carry a new leaf rust resistance gene(s). With the objective of identifying and mapping the new gene for resistance to leaf rust, F1 and F2 plants, and F2:3 families, from Neijiang 977671 × Zhengzhou 5389 (susceptible) were inoculated with Chinese P. triticina pathotype FHNQ in the greenhouse. Results from the F2 and F2:3 populations indicated that a single dominant gene, temporarily designated LrNJ97, conferred resistance. In order to identify other possible genes in Neijiang 977671 other eight P. triticina pathotypes avirulent on Neijiang 977671 were used to inoculate 25 F2:3 families. The results showed that at least three leaf rust resistance genes were deduced in Neijiang 977671. Bulked segregant analysis was performed on equal amounts of genomic DNA from 20 resistant and 20 susceptible F2 plants. SSR markers polymorphic between the resistant and susceptible bulks were used to analyze the F2:3 families. LrNJ97 was linked to five SSR loci on chromosome 2BL. The two closest flanking SSR loci were Xwmc317 and Xbarc159 at genetic distances of 4.2 and 2.2 cM, respectively. At present two designated genes (Lr50 and Lr58) are located on chromosome 2BL. In the seedling tests, the reaction pattern of LrNJ97 was different from that of Lr50. Lr50 and Lr58 were derived from T. armeniacum and Ae. triuncialis, respectively, whereas according to the pedigree of Neijiang 977671 LrNJ97 is from common wheat. Although seeds of lines with Lr58 were not available, it was concluded that LrNJ97 is likely to be a new leaf rust resistance gene.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Stripe rust and leaf rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend. f. sp. tritici Erikss. and P. triticina, respectively, are devastating fungal diseases of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Chinese wheat cultivar Bainong 64 has maintained acceptable adult-plant resistance (APR) to stripe rust, leaf rust and powdery mildew for more than 10 years. The aim of this study was to identify quantitative trait loci/locus (QTL) for resistance to the two rusts in a population of 179 doubled haploid (DH) lines derived from Bainong 64 × Jingshuang 16. The DH lines were planted in randomized complete blocks with three replicates at four locations. Stripe rust tests were conducted using a mixture of currently prevalent P. striiformis races, and leaf rust tests were performed with P. triticina race THTT. Leaf rust severities were scored two or three times, whereas maximum disease severities (MDS) were recorded for stripe rust. Using bulked segregant analysis (BSA) and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, five independent loci for APR to two rusts were detected. The QTL on chromosomes 1BL and 6BS contributed by Bainong 64 conferred resistance to both diseases. The loci identified on chromosomes 7AS and 4DL had minor effects on stripe rust response, whereas another locus, close to the centromere on chromosome 6BS, had a significant effect only on leaf rust response. The loci located on chromosomes 1BL and 4DL also had significant effects on powdery mildew response. These were located at the same positions as the Yr29/Lr46 and Yr46/Lr67 genes, respectively. The multiple disease resistance locus for APR on chromosome 6BS appears to be new. All three genes and their closely linked molecular markers could be used in breeding wheat cultivars with durable resistance to multiple diseases.