ABSTRACT: It is known that hypertension may be implicated the development of memory dysfunctin. Our study tests the hypothesis that prevalence of memory dysfunction is closely linked with the level of SBP (systolic blood pressure) and DBP (diastolic blood pressure) in hypertension patients.
Non-stroke hypertension patients aged 18-75 years (n = 196, age 54 ± 10, 101 male) with diagnosed hypertension for more than one year were included. Memory function was measured by the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test Second Edition (RBMTII, 2003). The general information was obtained through questionnaire.
RBMTII total score, the ability of recall name, remember storing article, recall faces, delayed route memory and orientation score were significantly decreased in proportion with increasing blood pressure (P < 0.05: hypertension III vs. II and I). RBMTII total score, the ability of recall name, and recall faces were significantly lower in hypertension II group compared to hypertension I group (P < 0.05). The age, male gender, years of hypertension, level of SBP and BMI were risk factors of memory dysfunction while the years of education was protective factor of memory dysfunction. The morbidity of memory dysfunction in patients with hypertension was higher and more serious with increasing blood pressure level (χ(2) = 10.389, P < 0.01).
Our results suggest that blood pressure is positively related to increased risk of memory dysfunction. The age, male gender, years of hypertension, level of SBP and BMI are risk factors of memory dysfunction while the years of education is protective factor of memory dysfunction.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 04/2012; 40(4):313-7.