J Genin

Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium

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Publications (4)15.44 Total impact

  • 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The sensitivity to cholesterol depletion of calcium handling by rat submandibular glands was investigated. The glands were digested with collagenase. After homogenization, the lysate was extracted at 4 degrees C with 0.5% Triton X-100 and the extract was submitted to an ultracentrifugation in a sucrose discontinuous gradient. A population of detergent-resistant membranes (DRM) was collected at the 5%-35% interface. The DRM had a higher content of cholesterol, saturated and long-chain fatty acids. Caveolin-1 and alpha(q/11) were located in these membranes. They were more ordered than vesicles from total cellular lysate as determined by anisotropy measurement. They disappeared after cholesterol extraction with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MCD). Exposure of the cellular suspension with MCD nearly abolished the response to carbachol, epinephrine, and substance P and inhibited the activation of phospholipase C (PLC) by these agonists and by sodium fluoride. MCD did not affect the mobilization of intracellular pools of calcium by thapsigargin. It increased the uptake of extracellular calcium or barium and did not inhibit the uptake of calcium after depletion of the intracellular stores of this ion. From these results, it is concluded that Triton X-100 can extract a fraction of membrane resistant to detergents. Treatment of the cells with MCD disrupts these membranes. The coupling between the heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein G(q/11) and poly-phosphoinositide-specific PLC is affected by disruption of these membrane fractions. At the opposite, the store-operated calcium channel (SOCC) is not affected by DRM-disruption.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 06/2005; 203(2):429-38. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We assessed the reliability of a method designed for common electron-impact GC-MS systems to determine in a single run most organic acids and glycine conjugates of clinical interest in amniotic fluid. Suitable sensitivity was achieved by dividing the selected-ion chromatogram into 12 time segments during which the monitoring dwelt on specific ions. Twelve metabolites were simultaneously quantified in amniotic fluid, with performances ranging from very good to clinically acceptable. The total coefficient of variation was 2.5-14.1% and the detection limit was well below the lower value of the physiological range. For five other metabolites, the precision was lower and/or the detection limit was near the physiological range. The method was clinically assessed by the prenatal detection of three cases of tyrosinaemia type I and one case of propionic acidaemia. Analytical and clinical evaluation of the method showed that GC-MS with electron-impact fragmentation can be an informative analytical approach for low-level organic acids in physiological fluids. Apart from the case of glycine conjugates, the method shows a fair reliability for amniotic fluid analysis, which might warrant its use for prenatal diagnosis of organic acidurias. However, this method cannot replace procedures using isotopic internal standards, nor GC-MS based on chemical ionization fragmentation, which remain confirmatory analytical methods of choice.
    Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 02/2004; 27(5):567-79. · 4.07 Impact Factor
  • Source
    A Kumps, P Duez, J Genin, Y Mardens
    Clinical Chemistry 09/1999; 45(8 Pt 1):1297-300. · 7.15 Impact Factor