ABSTRACT: Some clinical studies confirmed the efficacy and safety of sorafenib in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC), for which the standard initial dose is 400 mg twice daily. However, it is unclear whether this dosage is tolerable for patients with a low body surface area(BSA). We retrospectively analyzed the difference in efficacy and safety of sorafenib between patients with low BSA and high BSA.
From July 2009 to June 2010, 64 patients with Child-Pugh grade A cirrhosis receiving sorafenib at 4 institutions were enrolled, and divided into two groups(BSA<1. 6m2 and ≥1. 6m2).
In BSA<1. 6m2 and BSA≥1. 6m2 groups, grade 3-4 adverse events were observed in 64. 3% and 55. 3% of patients, respectively, and subsequent discontinuation was 38. 5% and 24. 2%, respectively indicating poor compliance in the former group. The disease control rate was 33. 3% and 37. 8%, the median time-to-radiological progression(TTRP)was 2. 1 months and 3. 6 months(p=0. 003), and median survival time was 6. 6 months and 11. 2 months in low BSA and high BSA groups(p=0. 10), respectively. Multi-variate analysis showed that poor prognostic factors for TTRP were ECOG performance status of ≥1 and BSA<1. 6m2.
Standard dosage seems intolerable for patients with low BSA, and results in poor prognosis.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 07/2012; 39(7):1065-70.