ABSTRACT: Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C polysaccharide (PS C) was conjugated to serogroup B outer membrane vesicles (OMV) in order to test the possibility of obtaining a bivalent group B and C meningococcus vaccine. The conjugate and controls were injected intraperitoneally into groups of ten mice with boosters on days 14 and 28 after the primary immunization. The following groups were used as control: (i) PS C; (ii) PS C plus OMV; (iii) OMV; and (iv) saline. The serum collected on days 0, 14, 28 and 42 were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for PS C and OMV, and by complement mediated bactericidal assay against serogroups B and C. ELISA for PS C as well as bactericidal titres against serogroup C meningococci of the conjugated vaccine increased eight-fold (ELISA) and 32 fold (bactericidal) after 42 days in comparison with the PS C control group. ELISA for OMV and bactericidal titre against serogroup B meningococci of the conjugate showed no significant difference in comparison with the OMV containing controls. Furthermore, Western Blot assay of the conjugate immune serum did not bind OMV class four protein which is related to the complement dependent antibody suppressor. The results indicate that the PS C-OMV conjugate could be a candidate for a bivalent vaccine toward serogroups B and C meningococci.
Vaccine 09/1999; 17(23-24):2951-8. · 3.77 Impact Factor