[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Raphanus sativuspeels (RSP) biomass for the adsorptive removal of Cadmium (II) has been
studied. The effect of different experimental parameter like pH, temperature, contact time,
and initial concentration has been reported. The equilibrium adsorption data were subjected
to different adsorption isotherms (Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich, Temkin,
Flory-Huggins isotherm, and Brunauer, Emmet and Teller isotherms), for kinetic studies
pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, Banghams’s model, and intraparticle diffusion
kinetic models were applied. The experimental results indicated that the adsorption of Cd(II)
followed monolayer adsorption model and pseudo-second-order kinetics. The change in ther-modynamic parameters like free energy (DG˚), enthalpy (DH˚), and entropy (DS˚) was also
evaluated. It was found that the RSPexhibits good adsorption capacity for Cadmium (II)
from aqueous solution.
Desalination and water treatment 11/2012; · 0.85 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
To determine hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and explore the associated risk factors in chronic HCV patients.
A total of 116 patients with chronic hepatitis C were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based detection out of which 112 chronic HCV patients [53 male (47.32%), 59 female (52.68%); mean age (43.76±16.40) years; mean BMI (23.8±3.9) kg] were enrolled in this study. The frequency of 6 HCV genotypes and associated risk factors were evaluated from five districts of North West Frontier Province (NWFP).
Genotype 3 was the most prevalent in 73 samples (65.17%) followed by genotype 1 in 24 (21.42%) and genotype 2 in 13 (11.60%) samples. Genotype 3 had significantly high prevalence (P=0.000 2). The results showed that 48 (42.85%) samples were infected with HCV 3a; 25 (22.32%) with 3b; 14 (12.50%) with 1a; 10 (8.92%) with 1b; 11 (9.82%) with 2a; 2 (1.78%) with 2b; and 2 were untypable. The distribution of HCV genotypes in Mardan, Charsadda, Peshawar, Sawabi and Nowshehra districts was different. Use of unsterile equipment for medication, barbers and previous history of hospitalization were the main risk factors for HCV transmission.
Genotype 3a and 3b, 1a, 1b and 2a are the common genotypes in NWFP. Genotype 4, 5, and 6 can not be found in a single sample. The level of awareness about various modes of transmission of HCV among the population is found to be very low.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 07/2012; 2(7):532–536. · 0.50 Impact Factor