Kyong-Hwa Jun

Catholic University of Korea, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (8)7.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The 7(th) edition of the International Union Against Cancer/American Joint Committee on Cancer (UICC/AJCC) tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification system for gastric cancer is more detailed than the 6(th) edition with respect to tumor depth and lymph node metastasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rationality of the 7(th) UICC/AJCC TNM classification system, focusing on N3 gastric cancers.
    International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 07/2014; · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical features and outcomes of 9 consecutive patients who suffered with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) originating from gastric cancer. Between January 1995 and December 2010, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 9 patients with gastric LMC who had been treated at St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea. With the exception of 1 patient, the primary gastric cancer was Borrmann type III or IV, and 5 cases had poorly differentiated or signet ring cell histology. TNM stage of the primary gastric cancer was III in 6 patients. The median interval from diagnosis of the primary malignancy to the diagnosis of LMC was 9 months. Headache (6 cases), altered mental status (4 cases), and dysarthria (3 cases) were presenting symptoms of LMC. Computed tomography findings were abnormal in 4 of 7 cases, while magnetic resonance imaging revealed abnormality in 4 of 5 cases. Radiation therapy was administered to 5 patients and intrathecal chemotherapy was administered to only 1 patient. Median overall survival duration from the diagnosis of LMC was 3 months. LMC originating from gastric cancer had a fatal clinical course and treatment strategies remain challenging.
    Annals of surgical treatment and research. 01/2014; 86(1):16-21.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of claudin-3, claudin-7, and claudin-18 in gastric cancer and to determine the significance of these proteins for patient outcome. A total of 134 samples were obtained from surgically resected specimens from patients who were diagnosed with gastric carcinoma at a single institution. Paraffin tissue sections from tissue microarray blocks were examined with immunohistochemistry for the expression of claudin-3, claudin-7, and claudin-18. In normal gastric tissues, positive immunoreactivity was detected for claudin-18 but not for claudin-3 or claudin-7. Claudin-3 and claudin-7 were expressed in 25.4% and 29.9% of the gastric cancer tissues, respectively. However, 51.5% of gastric cancer tissues exhibited reduced expression of claudin-18. Claudin-7 expression was significantly lower in cases with diffuse histologic type and positive lymphatic invasion. There was a significant inverse correlation between claudin-18 expression and perineural invasion. In the survival analysis, the overall survival time was shorter in patients with claudin-7 expression than in those without claudin-7 expression. However, the overall survival was longer in patients with claudin-18 expression than in those without claudin-18 expression. Our data suggest that the up-regulation of claudin-3 and claudin-7 and the down-regulation of claudin-18 may play a role in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer. Furthermore, the expression of claudin-7 and the loss of claudin-18 may be independent indicators of a poor prognosis in patients with gastric cancer.
    International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 12/2013; · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the precise incidence and clinical features of endoscopic ulcers following gastrectomy. A consecutive series of patients who underwent endoscopic examination following gastrectomy between 2005 and 2010 was retrospectively analyzed. A total of 78 patients with endoscopic ulcers and 759 without ulcers following gastrectomy were enrolled. We analyzed differences in patient age, sex, size of the lesions, method of operation, indications for gastric resection, and infection rates of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) between the nonulcer and ulcer groups. The incidence of endoscopic ulcers after gastrectomy was 9.3% and that of marginal ulcers was 8.6%. Ulcers were more common in patients with Billroth II anastomosis and pre-existing conditions for peptic ulcer disease (PUD). Infection rates of H. pyloridid not differ significantly between the two groups. The patients who underwent operations to treat PUD had lower initial levels of hemoglobin and higher rates of hospital admission. H. pylori was not an important factor in ulcerogenesis following gastrectomy. For patients who underwent surgery for PUD, clinical course of marginal ulcers was more severe.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2012; 18(25):3260-6. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Portal vein thrombus has been detected in patients with liver cirrhosis, pancreatitis, ulcerative colitis, septicemia, myeloproliferative disorder, and neoplasm. The formation of portal tumor thrombus by hepatocellular carcinoma is well recognized, because of its high incidence, and subsequent development of portal hypertension such as rupture of varices, ascites and liver failure indicates the poor prognosis. In gastric cancer, portal hypertension as an initial presentation is extremely rare. Herein we report a case presenting as portal hypertension caused by tumor thrombus without invasion of liver parenchyma. It is presumed to be intraluminal tumor thrombus originating from primary foci of gastric adenocarcinoma. Tumor thrombus in the portal vein is demonstrated on the PET-CT.
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 07/2012; 60(1):42-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Leptin plays an important role in the control of body weight and also has a growth-factor-like function in epithelial cells. Abnormal expression of leptin and leptin receptor may be associated with cancer development and progression. We evaluated the relationship among leptin and leptin receptors polymorphisms, body mass index (BMI), serum leptin concentrations, and clinicopathologic features with gastric cancer and determined whether they could be the risk factor of gastric cancer. We measured the serum leptin concentrations of 48 Korean patients with gastric cancer and 48 age- and sex-matched controls. By polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism, we investigated one leptin gene promoter G-2548A genotype and four leptin receptor gene polymorphisms at codons 223, 109, 343, and 656. There was no significant difference between the mean leptin concentrations of the patient and control groups, while BMI was significantly lower in gastric cancer cases (22.9 ± 3.6 vs. 24.5 ± 2.8 kg/m(2), P = 0.021). There was significant association between the LEPR Lys109Arg genotype and gastric cancer risk, heterozygotes for GA genotype had been proved to increased the risk of gastric cancer, and its corresponding odds ratio was 2.926 (95% confidence interval, 1.248 to 6.861). Our results suggested that LEPR gene Lys109Arg polymorphism is associated with gastric cancer in Korean patients.
    Journal of the Korean Surgical Society. 07/2012; 83(1):7-13.
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Marginal ulcer is a well-known complication after gastrectomy. Its bleeding can be severe, but the severity has rarely been reported. We aim to evaluate the clinical outcomes of marginal ulcer bleeding (MUB) as compared to peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) with nonoperated stomach. Methods. A consecutive series of patients who had nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding and admitted to the hospital between 2005 and 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 530 patients were enrolled in this study, and we compared the clinical characteristics between 70 patients with MUB and 460 patients with PUB. Results. Patients with MUB were older (mean age: 62.86 ± 10.59 years versus 53.33 ± 16.68 years, P = 0.01). The initial hemoglobin was lower (8.16 ± 3.05 g/dL versus 9.38 ± 2.49 g/dL, P = 0.01), and the duration of admission was longer in MUB (7.14 ± 4.10 days versus 5.90 ± 2.97 days, P = 0.03). After initial hemostasis, the rebleeding rate during admission was higher (16.2% versus 6.5%, P = 0.01) in MUB. However, the mortality rate did not differ statistically between MUB and PUB groups. Helicobacter pylori-positive rate with MUB was lower than that of PUB (19.4% versus 54.4%, P = 0.01). Conclusions. Clinically, MUB after gastrectomy is more severe than PUB with nonoperated stomach. Infection with H. pylori might not appear to play an important role in MUB after gastrectomy.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 01/2012; 2012:624327. · 1.62 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The Korean Surgical Society - J KOREAN SURG SOC. 01/2009; 77(4).