David M. Hoppe

University of Minnesota Morris, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States

Are you David M. Hoppe?

Claim your profile

Publications (2)0 Total impact

  • D M Gardiner, D M Hoppe
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of frog deformities throughout many of the northern states of North America. The most readily noticed malformations involve the hindlimbs of peri-metamorphic animals. We have analyzed skeletal preparations of metamorphosing mink frogs (Rana septentrionalis) collected from a site in Minnesota, in order to develop a better understanding of the possible causes. In this paper we describe the categories of abnormalities found at this site. The spectrum of deformities includes missing limbs, truncated limbs, extra limbs (including extra pelvic girdles), and skin webbings. We also describe a newly recognized malformation of the proximal-distal limb axis, a bony triangle. In this abnormality, the proximal and distal ends of the bone are adjacent to one another forming the base of a triangle. The shaft of the bone is bent double and protrudes laterally, the midpoint of the bone forming the apex of the triangle. In this paper we consider several recently proposed explanations for the recent outbreak of amphibian deformities. Based on our analysis, we conclude that the spectrum of abnormalities seen in these frogs is remarkably similar to the range of abnormalities that has been reported as a result of exposure of developing vertebrates to exogenous retinoids. Given the potential implications of this possibility for the welfare of humans as well as wildlife, further studies are needed to determine whether environmental retinoids are responsible for the frog deformities at the site we have examined.
    Journal of Experimental Zoology 08/1999; 284(2):207-16.
  • David M. Gardiner, David M. Hoppe
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of frog deformities throughout many of the northern states of North America. The most readily noticed malformations involve the hindlimbs of peri-metamorphic animals. We have analyzed skeletal preparations of metamorphosing mink frogs (Rana septentrionalis) collected from a site in Minnesota, in order to develop a better understanding of the possible causes. In this paper we describe the categories of abnormalities found at this site. The spectrum of deformities includes missing limbs, truncated limbs, extra limbs (including extra pelvic girdles), and skin webbings. We also describe a newly recognized malformation of the proximal-distal limb axis, a bony triangle. In this abnormality, the proximal and distal ends of the bone are adjacent to one another forming the base of a triangle. The shaft of the bone is bent double and protrudes laterally, the midpoint of the bone forming the apex of the triangle. In this paper we consider several recently proposed explanations for the recent outbreak of amphibian deformities. Based on our analysis, we conclude that the spectrum of abnormalities seen in these frogs is remarkably similar to the range of abnormalities that has been reported as a result of exposure of developing vertebrates to exogenous retinoids. Given the potential implications of this possibility for the welfare of humans as well as wildlife, further studies are needed to determine whether environmental retinoids are responsible for the frog deformities at the site we have examined. J. Exp. Zool. 284:207–216, 1999. © 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Journal of Experimental Zoology 06/1999; 284(2):207 - 216.

Publication Stats

57 Citations

Institutions

  • 1999
    • University of Minnesota Morris
      Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States
    • University of California, Irvine
      • Developmental Biology Center
      Irvine, CA, United States