ABSTRACT: The generation of highly curved membranes is essential to cell growth, division, and movement. Recent research in the field is focused to answer questions related to the consequences of changes in the topology of the membrane once it is created, broadly termed as membrane curvature sensing. Most probes that are used to study curvature sensing are intact membrane active proteins such as DP1/Yop1p, ArfGAP1, BAR domains, and Synaptotagmin-I (Syt1). Taking a cue from nature, we created the cyclic peptide C2BL3C based on the membrane penetration C2B loop 3 of Syt1 via "Click" chemistry. Using a combination of spectroscopic techniques, we investigated the peptide-lipid interactions of this peptide with synthetic phospholipid vesicles and exosomes from rat blood plasma. We found that the macrocycle peptide probe was selective for lipid vesicles with highly curved surfaces (d < 100 nm). These results suggested that C2BL3C functions as a selective detector of highly curved phospholipid bilayers.
ACS Chemical Biology 07/2012; 7(10):1629-35. · 6.45 Impact Factor