[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report 2 cases of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix and tumorlets of sex cord tumor with annular tubules (SCTATs) of the ovaries, accompanied by Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Case 1 is a 36-year-old woman and case 2 is a 35-year-old woman. Grossly, the cervix of both cases showed markedly barrel shaped enlargement with an infiltrating tumor. Microscopically, well-differentiated atypical glands were infiltrating into the entire thickness of the cervix. The ovarian masses in case 1 were diagnosed as metastatic carcinoma in mucinous cystadenoma with tumorlets of SCTATs of the ovaries. Multiple scattered tumorlets of SCTATs were also found in the ovary of case 2. By direct DNA sequencing analysis, a frame shift mutation of the STK11/LKB1 gene was identified in case 1. Case 1 represented the more aggressive clinical course, and although the patient received additional combined chemo-radiation therapy, she expired 1 year later. In general, mutation of the STK11/LKB1 gene is associated with poor clinical outcome in malignant tumors accompanied by Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology 01/2013; 24(1):92-5. · 1.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was performed to investigate the relationship between cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and apoptosis/angiogenesis in inflammatory and noninflammatory benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PC).
This study involved 64 BPH and 57 PC patients. The BPH histopathologies were classified by the presence of chronic inflammation as follows: noninflammatory BPH (NI-BPH; n=23) and inflammatory BPH (I-BPH; n=41). The association between the expression of COX-2, expression of Bcl-2, the apoptotic index (AI), expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and microvascular density (MVD) in the prostate was investigated.
An overexpression of COX-2, Bcl-2, and VEGF was observed in cases of PC compared with cases of BPH. In PC, the AI was lower and MVD was higher than in BPH. In NI-BPH, I-BPH, and PC, the overexpression of COX-2, Bcl-2, and VEGF gradually increased. The AI was high in I-BPH, but did not differ significantly between the NI-BPH and I-BPH groups or between the NI-BPH and PC groups. MVD was significantly high in PC, but no significant difference was found between NI-BPH and I-BPH. A significant correlation was shown between the overexpression of COX-2 and Bcl-2, and COX-2 and VEGF. However, the AI was not correlated with the overexpression of COX-2 or Bcl-2. MVD was correlated with the overexpression of COX-2 and VEGF.
COX-2 overexpression in PC is correlated with a decrease in apoptosis and an increase in angiogenesis. Chronic inflammation in BPH causes an overexpression of COX-2, which induces the increased expression of Bcl-2 and VEGF. It is likely that chronic inflammation plays a role in the intermediate step of carcinogenesis in the prostate.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Asymptomatic chronic inflammation of the prostate is a common finding in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We investigated how the chronic inflammation affects medical treatment for BPH.
One pathologist reviewed the chronic inflammation of 82 BPH patients who underwent transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided needle biopsy. The extent of chronic inflammation was classified into 4 grades, categorized into two groups: the low-grade group and the high-grade group. We compared total, voiding, and storage International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life (QoL) between the groups at baseline and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after medical treatment for BPH.
There were no significant differences in total IPSS or QoL between the groups during the follow-up period. The low-grade group showed continuous improvement of storage symptoms until 12 months; however, the high-grade group showed improvement until 3 months. Maximal improvements of QoL were observed at 6 months in the high-grade group and at 3 months in the low-grade group. There was no episode of surgery in the low-grade group, but four patients in the high-grade group (9.1%) underwent surgical treatment due to acute urinary retention or insufficient therapeutic response.
Although there was no statistical significance, improvements in IPSS were higher and lasted longer in the low-grade group. We might suggest medical treatment for intraprostatic chronic inflammation in BPH patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the expression of claudins and prognostic factors in patients with prostate cancer.
The subjects of this study were 48 patients who had undergone surgery for prostate cancer. The Gleason score (6 or lower, 7 or higher), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, T stage, biochemical recurrence, local recurrence, and distant metastasis were compared according to the expression of claudin-1 and claudin-5 in prostate cancer.
In the group with a low expression of claudin-1, the Gleason score was 7 points or higher in 18 cases (82%) and 6 points or lower in 4 cases (18%). In the group with a high expression of claudin-1, the Gleason score was 7 points or higher in 13 cases (50%) and 6 points or lower in 13 cases (50%). Thus, the low-expression group had more cases with a Gleason score of 7 or higher (p=0.022). The group with a low expression of claudin-5 also had more cases with a Gleason score of 7 or higher (p=0.011). The mean PSA values in the groups with a low and high expression of claudin-1 were 9.6 ng/ml and 5.6 ng/ml, respectively (p=0.007). A low expression of claudin-5 was also associated with a high PSA value (p=0.002). There was no statistical difference in the expression of claudin-1 and claudin-5 by T stage, biochemical recurrence, local recurrence, or distant metastasis.
The low expression of claudin-1, claudin-5 was associated with a Gleason score of 7 or higher and a high PSA value in prostate cancer.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins is a common feature of fibrotic kidney diseases. Accumulating evidence suggests that TGF-beta and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) promote the development of renal fibrosis by stimulating the generation and inhibiting the removal of matrix proteins. The small heterodimer partner (SHP) represses PAI-1 expression in the liver by inhibiting TGF-beta signaling, but whether SHP inhibits renal fibrosis is unknown. Here, unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) markedly increased the expression of PAI-1, type I collagen, and fibronectin but decreased SHP gene expression. Moreover, in kidneys of SHP-/- mice, the expression of PAI-1, type I collagen, fibronectin and alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) were higher compared with those in kidneys of wild-type mice. In addition, loss of SHP accelerated renal fibrosis after UUO. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of SHP in cultured rat mesangial cells and renal tubular epithelial cells inhibited TGF-beta-stimulated expression of PAI-1, type I collagen, and fibronectin. SHP inhibited TGF-beta- and Smad3-stimulated PAI-1 promoter activities as well as TGF-beta-stimulated binding of Smad3 to its consensus response element on the PAI-1 promoter. Similarly, in vivo, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of SHP in the kidney inhibited the expression of UUO-induced PAI-1, type I collagen, fibronectin, and alpha-SMA. In summary, SHP attenuates renal fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy, making its pathway a possible therapeutic target for chronic kidney disease.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 08/2009; 20(10):2162-70. · 8.99 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 44-year-old man presented with a history of chronic epiphora, discharge from the right eye, and a palpable mass in the medial canthal area. Irrigation of the lacrimal system revealed bloody discharge. Orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a well-defined heterogeneous enhanced mass filling the lacrimal sac and upper nasolacrimal duct (NLD). A wide excision and surgical biopsy were performed. Histopathology showed the tumor to be an exophytic Schneiderian papilloma with moderate to severe dysplasia. Three months later, the mass was found to be invading the nasal cavity through the NLD. Endoscopic histopathological evaluation confirmed that it was identical to the originally identified papilloma.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 07/2009; 23(2):100-3.