ABSTRACT: Gallstone disease has been regarded as an obesity-related disease. Therefore, we hypothesized that leptin and adiponectin, mainly produced by adipose tissue, may play roles in gallstone disease.
The RIA method was used to analyze serum leptin and adiponectin levels of 90 gallstone patients and 91 healthy subjects.
Our results showed that BMI, fasting glucose, serum AST and ALT, and leptin were significantly increased in the gallstone patients as compared with the healthy subjects (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, and P = 0.013, respectively). Intriguingly, serum adiponectin was the only variable to be significantly decreased in the gallstone patients (P = 0.002). Furthermore, serum AST, leptin, and adiponectin were significantly associated with gallstone disease (P < 0.001, P = 0.021, and P = 0.006, respectively). Overweight (BMI >or= 25 kg m(-2)), but not normal-weight, gallstone patients had an increased serum leptin and a decreased serum adiponectin level as compared with matched healthy subjects (P < 0.001 and P = 0.024, respectively). In addition, serum leptin was positively correlated with BMI and serum cholesterol, while serum adiponectin was inversely correlated with serum triglyceride in the gallstone patients.
Our study indicated that hyperleptinaemia and hypoadiponectinaemia might be involved in the occurrence of gallstone disease. However, the causal relationship of hyperleptinaemia and hypoadiponectinaemia with gallstone disease might require further investigation.
European Journal of Clinical Investigation 04/2006; 36(3):176-80. · 3.02 Impact Factor
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 05/1999; 14(4):992-7. · 3.40 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The spectrum of clinical severity for scrub typhus ranges from inapparent, mild, to severe or fatal. The pathologic changes are focal or disseminated multiorgan vasculitis of the small blood vessels, a fact that helps explain the great diversity of clinical manifestations that can be encountered. We reported a case of scrub typhus with unusual and serious multiorgan involvement, including tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) with acute renal failure (ARF), interstitial pneumonitis with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), liver function impairment, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, prolonged hyperamylasaemia and hyperlipasaemia. Chloramphenicol administration rapidly altered the clinical course, but with sequelae of renal impairment and prolonged hyperamylasaemia and hyperlipasaemia for 10 months.
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 01/1997; 29(6):634-35. · 1.72 Impact Factor