[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vibrational spectra of proteins potentially give insight into biologically significant molecular motion and the proportions of different types of secondary structure. Vibrational spectra can be calculated either from normal modes obtained by diagonalizing the mass-weighted Hessian or from the time autocorrelation function derived from molecular dynamics trajectories. The Hessian matrix is calculated from force fields because it is not practical to calculate the Hessian from quantum mechanics for large molecules. As an alternative to molecular dynamics the spectral response can be calculated from a time autocorrelation derived from numerical solution of the harmonic equations of motion, resulting in calculations at least 4 times faster. Because the calculation also scales linearly with number of atoms, N, it is faster than normal-mode calculations that scale as N (3) for proteins with more then 4,700 atoms. Using this method it is practical to perform all-atom calculations for large biological systems, for example viral capsids, with the order of 10(5) atoms.
Biophysics of Structure and Mechanism 09/2013; 42(11). DOI:10.1007/s00249-013-0927-8 · 2.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HDL is a population of apoA-I-containing particles inversely correlated with heart disease. Because HDL is a soft form of matter deformable by thermal fluctuations, structure determination has been difficult. Here, we compare the recently published crystal structure of lipid-free (Δ185-243)apoA-I with apoA-I structure from models and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of discoidal HDL. These analyses validate four of our previous structural findings for apoA-I: i) a baseline double belt diameter of 105 Å ii) central α helixes with an 11/3 pitch; iii) a "presentation tunnel" gap between pairwise helix 5 repeats hypothesized to move acyl chains and unesterified cholesterol from the lipid bilayer to the active sites of LCAT; and iv) interchain salt bridges hypothesized to stabilize the LL5/5 chain registry. These analyses are also consistent with our finding that multiple salt bridge-forming residues in the N-terminus of apoA-I render that conserved domain "sticky." Additionally, our crystal MD comparisons led to two new hypotheses: i) the interchain leucine-zippers previously reported between the pair-wise helix 5 repeats drive lipid-free apoA-I registration; ii) lipidation induces rotations of helix 5 to allow formation of interchain salt bridges, creating the LCAT presentation tunnel and "zip-locking" apoA-I into its full LL5/5 registration.
The Journal of Lipid Research 07/2012; 53(9):1851-63. DOI:10.1194/jlr.M026229 · 4.42 Impact Factor