ABSTRACT: Nanometer SiC particles were added to (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox (Bi2223) precursor powders and the powders were transformed into silver-sheathed superconducting tapes by the standard powder-in-tube (PIT) technique. The influence of SiC on the melting temperature, high-Tc (Bi2223) phase formation, microstructure and transport property of the tapes was studied by means of DTA, XRD, SEM/EDX, electrical and magnetic measurements. The results showed that SiC addition lowered the melting temperature of the superconductor powders and consequently, decreased the optimum sintering temperature of the tapes. However, the addition did not affect the Bi2223 phase formation and critical temperature (Tc) of the tapes up to 1.00 wt.% of SiC. Most importantly, the addition of a small amount of SiC (0.15 wt.%) improved the critical current (Ic) and Ic behavior in magnetic field as a result of the enhancement in density, grain alignment, grain connectivity and flux pinning of the tapes.
Physica C Superconductivity 311:65-74. · 1.01 Impact Factor