ABSTRACT: Peptide separation technology is significant and is still an analytical challenge in proteomic studies. We report a simple preparation method for poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) grafted silica through the copolymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide with acetyl moieties immobilized on the silica surfaces. Differential scanning calorimetry results indicated that the prepared silica exhibited a sharp phase transition at 35.03°C. Silica grafted with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) was evaluated as a temperature-responsive chromatography medium for the separation of peptides using 0.2 M NaCl solution as a mobile phase. Results indicated that at 10°C, the peptides were not resolved, but baseline separation with prolonged retention time at 50°C was attained. Particularly, a mixture of four peptides was efficiently separated within 8 min. The theoretical plate number of every peptide was more than 2500, and the resolutions were more than 3.40. The increased selectivity of the temperature-responsive column resulted from the temperature-modulated hydrophobic interaction with peptides. The retention times of these peptides were related to their hydrophobicities. This protocol provided a reliable set of chromatographic tool usable across all research and development applications that required isolation and analysis of peptides. It may represent a step forward in the complex analysis of hydrophobic and other proteins.
Journal of Separation Science 07/2012; 35(16):2069-74. · 2.73 Impact Factor