Yun Gi Kim

Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (6)15.83 Total impact

  • Yun Gi Kim, Hyo-Soo Kim, Il-Young Oh
    Circulation Journal 02/2014; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: It is well known that platelet volume indices are associated with adverse outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). In this study, we investigated the hypothesis whether the association between platelet size and clinical outcomes is the result of high residual platelet reactivity after antiplatelet therapy in patients with large platelets. Methods: Between February 2010 and December 2011, a total of 462 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease who were scheduled to undergo planned PCI were enrolled in this study. The degree of platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid(AA) and adenosine diphosphate(ADP) was assessed using the Multiple Electrode Platelet Aggregometry(Multiplate(®), Dynabyte, Munich, Germany)(MEA) test. We simultaneously measured the mean platelet volume(MPV) in the same period(Sysmex XE-2100, Mundelein, IL). Results: The study population consisted of 462 consecutive patients, including 371 stable angina patients and 91 acute coronary syndrome patients. The patients with large platelets(upper quintile of MPV ≥10.6 fL) had significantly high residual platelet reactivity after both aspirin(MEA ASP 9 [5-14] Units vs. 13 [8-18.5] Units, p<0.001) and clopidogrel(MEA ADP 21 [15-30] Units vs. 24 [18.5-40] Units, p=0.003) treatment. According to a multivariate analysis, having large platelets was independently associated with high residual platelet reactivity after both aspirin (OR 2.52, 95% CI 1.50-4.24, p<0.001) and clopidogrel(OR 2.86, 95% CI 1.59-5.15, p<0.001) treatment. Platelet volume indices were not associated with any differences in the incidence of major adverse cardiac events during follow-up. Conclusions: Platelets with a higher volume are associated with high residual platelet reactivity after conventional dual antiplatelet therapy.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 01/2014; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Edge restenosis is not an unusual finding after implantation of drug-eluting stents (DES). We hypothesized that mechanical stress imposed on the stent edge would cause vessel wall injury and inflammation, which may consequently lead to edge restenosis. Methods and Results: In total, 1,496 patients were implanted with a sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) or zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) in Seoul National University Hospital between 2007 and 2009. Binary restenosis occurred in 161 lesions in 119 patients. We retrospectively compared the 3 DES with regard to the percentage of edge stent restenosis among all cases of restenosis. We also evaluated the maximal, minimal, and Δ (maximal angle-minimal angle) angles. The percentage of edge restenosis was higher for SES than for ZES (37.5% vs. 16.7%, P=0.017). Maximal angle at the proximal edge was 64.82°±33.46° for 26 stents with proximal edge restenosis compared with 31.84°±31.51° for 89 stents without proximal edge restenosis (P=0.001). The Δ angle was also significantly different between the 2 groups (14.81°±15.98° vs. 7.60°±8.86°, P=0.035). Similar findings were observed for distal edge restenosis. Both the maximal angle (39.09°±21.04° vs. 22.71°±22.83°, P=0.010) and Δ angle (20.23°±15.39° vs. 9.18°±9.66°, P=0.016) at the distal edge were significantly different between the 2 groups. Conclusions: Physical stress determined by angulation at the stent edge segment and biomechanical properties of the DES can be considered as one of the plausible mechanisms for edge stent restenosis.
    Circulation Journal 10/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ergonovine provocation test is known to be very sensitive for diagnosing variant angina. The patient described in this study initially presented with atypical chest pain and underwent coronary angiography and ergonovine provocation tests, which were negative. The patient was subsequently prescribed a proton pump inhibitor and prokinetics for pain relief, but then presented with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock due to coronary artery vasospasm 5 years later. This case suggests that ergonovine provocation test generates false negative results, which can lead to unwanted outcomes. Even with a negative ergonovine provocation test, prescription of calcium channel blockers or nitrates should be considered in patients with a clinical history suggestive of variant angina.
    Korean Circulation Journal 03/2013; 43(3):199-203.
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    ABSTRACT: High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), a nuclear protein, is overexpressed and secreted in cancer cells. Phosphorylation on two different nuclear localization signal regions are known to be important for the nuclear-to-cytoplasmic transport and secretion of HMGB1. However, little is known about the biochemical mechanism of HMGB1 modifications and its subsequent secretion from cancer cells. To identify the specific enzyme and important sites for HMGB1 phosphorylation, we screened the protein kinase C (PKC) family in a colon cancer cell line (HCT116) for HMGB1 binding by pull-down experiments using a 3XFLAG-HMGB1 construct. Strong interactions between atypical PKCs (PKC-ζ, λ, and ι) and cytoplasmic HMGB1 were observed in HCT116 cells. We further identified the most critical PKC isotype that regulates HMGB1 secretion is PKC-ζ by using PKC inhibitors and siRNA experiments. The serine residues at S39, S53 and S181 of HMGB1 were related to enhancing HMGB1 secretion. We also demonstrated overexpression and activation of PKC-ζ in colon cancer tissues. Our findings suggest that PKC-ζ is involved in the phosphorylation of HMGB1, and the phosphorylation of specific serine residues in the nuclear localization signal regions is related to enhanced HMGB1 secretion in colon cancer cells.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 06/2012; 424(2):321-6. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is well known that carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract are frequently associated with peritoneal carcinomatosis. In contrast to that entity extensive involvement of the peritoneal cavity with malignant lymphoma is rare. This is the first case reporting coexistence of peritoneal lymphomatosis and a previous history of colon cancer, which is a highly challenging clinical situation. If not aware of this unusual condition medical history, radiologic finding and laboratory data alone can lead to wrong diagnosis as in this case.
    BMC Cancer 06/2011; 11:276. · 3.33 Impact Factor