Justin J. Baker

Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, United States

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Publications (3)4.2 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Studies of ipilimumab have shown improved overall survival in patients with metastatic cutaneous melanoma. As a result, use of ipilimumab in patients with Stage IV melanoma is rapidly increasing. Patients with Stage IV melanoma often require urgent operations for complications from metastases, but little is known about the safety of surgical intervention for patients receiving ipilimumab. We performed a systematic review of the literature using PubMed. Our search terms were melanoma and ipilimumab. We excluded foreign language articles, review articles, and those not addressing cutaneous melanoma. We identified 194 publications matching the search criteria. Only six of those met the inclusion criteria. In these six publications, seven patients who had undergone surgical intervention during treatment with ipilimumab were described. There were no documented surgical complications. We reviewed our institutional experience and identified an additional three patients. No postoperative complications could be attributed directly to ipilimumab. There are limited data on the safety of surgical intervention during treatment with ipilimumab. Preliminary reports suggest there is no reason to withhold or delay surgery for patients receiving ipilimumab therapy.
    The American surgeon 08/2014; 80(8). · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Follow-up of patients with sentinel lymph node–positive stage III melanoma uses history, physical exam, and cross-sectional imaging. The aim of this study was to evaluate positron emission tomographic (PET)/computed tomographic (CT) scans in the detection of recurrence. Methods From 2003 to 2009, a single-institution prospective database of all cutaneous melanoma patients was used to identify sentinel lymph node–positive stage III patients with disease-free survival >1 year and 1 restaging PET/CT scan. Results Thirty-eight patients were identified, with a median follow-up period of 27.5 months. Seven (18%) developed recurrence (median time to recurrence, 25 months). Recurrences were detected as follows: 3 by patients, 1 by physician, 1 by PET/CT scan and lactate dehydrogenase, 1 by PET/CT scan, and 1 by brain magnetic resonance imaging. One hundred eight follow-up PET/CT scans were performed. Two of 38 patients had asymptomatic metastases detected by routine restaging PET/CT scan, and there were 9 scans with false-positive results. Conclusions With short follow-up, the utility of routine PET/CT scans in identifying unsuspected recurrence in patients with sentinel lymph node–positive stage III melanoma appears minimal.
    American journal of surgery 04/2014; 207(4):549–554. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with sentinel lymph node (SLN) positive melanoma have a significant recurrence risk. We sought to examine variables associated with development of early recurrence. A prospective institutional review board-approved database of cutaneous melanoma patients treated from 2003 to 2010 was used to identify SLN positive stage III patients with 1 year of follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier method, and logistic regression were used to evaluate variables associated with early recurrence. Seventy-four patients were identified. Twenty-four (32%) had an early recurrence. Five variables were highly significantly associated with early recurrence: location of head/neck, Breslow depth greater than two, ulceration, number of lymph nodes positive ≥ 2, and largest lymph node metastasis > 1 mm. Using these five variables, a numerical risk score was created from 0 to 5 to determine if an early recurrence occurred as the number of risk factors increased. The proportion of patients with early recurrence increased in linear fashion with increasing risk score (P < 0.0001). These data suggest that SLN positive stage III melanoma patients have a significant risk of early recurrence, which is associated with several defined variables and increases with the number of risk factors present. These data may be useful in stratifying patients to level of recurrence risk and adjusting follow-up schedules.
    The American surgeon 07/2012; 78(7):808-13. · 0.92 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2 Citations
4.20 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Maine Medical Center
      Portland, Maine, United States
  • 2012–2014
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      • Department of Surgery
      North Carolina, United States