[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Craniofacial duplication or diprosopus is a very rare malformation that is present in approximately 0.4% of conjoined twins. Here is presented a case of craniofacial duplication in association with bilateral cleft lip/palate in both heads found in a ceramic representation from the early Chimú culture from Peru. A comparative analysis is made with a current case of a 28-week-old fetus with similar characteristics. After reviewing the medical literature on conjoined twins, very few reports of facial cleft in both twins were found, with no reports at all of bilateral cleft lip/palate. This ceramic crock is considered one of the first representations suggestive of craniofacial duplication, and probably the first reporting it in association with facial cleft.
Twin Research and Human Genetics 04/2014; · 1.92 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: Achondroplasia is the most frequent form of short-limb dwarfism. Affected individuals exhibit short stature caused by rhizomelic shortening of the limbs, characteristic facies with frontal bossing and mid-face hypoplasia, genu varum, and trident hand. Although the etiology of this disease was reported in 1994, evidence of this disease in ancient populations has been found in populations of ancient Egypt (2500 BC) and it has been documented in ancient American populations. Objective: To analyze the presence of individuals with achondroplasia in the Mayan state society of Mexico and Guatemala, during the Classical (100-950 AC) and Post-Classical (950 - 1519 AC) periods; likewise, in the hierarchical-chieftain society of Tumaco-la Tolita (300 BC - 600 AC) from the Colombia-Ecuador Pacific coast, and the Moche state society (100 - 600 AC) from the northern coast of Peru. Materials and methods: Iconographic and clinical-morphological studies of some of the most important artistic representations of individuals of short stature in these three cultures. Conclusion: We present the hypothesis that the individuals with short stature were somehow associated with the political and religious power elite.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Antecedentes. El envejecimiento es un proceso natural, que ocurre en todos los seres vivos y se caracteriza por ser irreversible, progresivo, heterogéneo, deletéreo y multifactorial. Este proceso ha sido representado en el arte como parte de la expresión de las diferentes culturas. Objetivos. Describir las evidencias de los procesos de envejecimiento y vejez en la cerámica de la cultura Tumaco-La Tolita de la colección del Museo Arqueológico Julio César Cubillos de la Universidad del Valle de Cali, y del Museo Universitario de la Universidad de Antioquia en Medellín Colombia desde una mirada de las ciencias sociales y médicas.
Revista de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Colombia 01/2009; 57(1):57-62.