Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman

Putra University, Malaysia, Putrajaya, Putrajaya, Malaysia

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Publications (70)96.83 Total impact

  • Muhammad Alif Mohammad Latif, Nuno M Micaelo, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman
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    ABSTRACT: In this report, molecular dynamics simulations were applied in order to investigate the effect of Room Temperature Ionic Liquid (RTIL) anions toward the structure and dynamic properties of lipases. Two lipases were studied; Candida antarctica lipase B and Candida rugosa lipase were solvated by five RTILs that contained the same cation, with increasing hydration levels. Several properties were investigated: structural deviations and flexibility of the protein conformation, the behaviour of RTILs at the protein surface, and the interactions between RTILs and water molecules in the systems. Both lipases' conformations showed an increased structural stability in RTILs when compared to an aqueous solution. The lowest structural deviation was observed around 15 to 20 percent of water content (w/w protein). The RTIL with chloride anion was shown to be the exception however: inducing the least structural stability at low water percentages. The flexibility of both lipases was clearly affected when transferred from aqueous into RTILs. The flexible regions found for both lipases in water were significantly more rigid in RTILs. Around the protein surface, the behaviour of RTIL anions and the water molecules was similar to other conventional organic solvents. The water retention ability for all RTIL anions was consistent for both lipases accept for the bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide anion, which showed distinctive behaviour toward different protein surface properties. The effect of water content was more profound compared to the difference between the RTILs anions studied. However, it was found that the structural and dynamic properties of the lipases were affected by the behaviour of anions toward the hydration layer of the enzymes.
    RSC Advances 09/2014; · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peptides as a kind of important chiral scaffold are broadly identified for their obvious advantages, diverse structures and accessibility. Based on promiscuous aldo-keto-reductase enzymes, several mimetic peptides were designed which were synthesized and tested as multifunctional organocatalysts in direct asymmetric aldol reactions. The corresponding aldol products were produced with high yields (up to 97%) and excellent diastereoselectivities (up to 99/1) and enantioselectivities (>98%) under mild reaction selectivity and enantioselectivity. The secondary structures of peptide catalysts provide an understanding of their mechanism.
    RSC Advances 08/2014; 4(73). · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • Roghayeh Abedi Karjiban, Wui Zhuan Lim, Mahiran Basri, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman
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    ABSTRACT: Lipases are known for their versatility in addition to their ability to digest fat. They can be used for the formulation of detergents, as food ingredients and as biocatalysts in many industrial processes. Because conventional enzymes are frangible at high temperatures, the replacement of conventional chemical routes with biochemical processes that utilize thermostable lipases is vital in the industrial setting. Recent theoretical studies on enzymes have provided numerous fundamental insights into the structures, folding mechanisms and stabilities of these proteins. The studies corroborate the experimental results and provide additional information regarding the structures that were determined experimentally. In this paper, we review the computational studies that have described how temperature affects the structure and dynamics of thermoenzymes, including the thermoalkalophilic L1 lipase derived from Bacillus stearothermophilus. We will also discuss the potential of using pressure for the analysis of the stability of thermoenzymes because high pressure is also important for the processing and preservation of foods.
    The protein journal. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, three forms of a novel octapeptide have been evaluated as asymmetric catalysts for the Michael reaction. Low quantity catalyst loading, ecofriendly solvents, and reusability of organocatalyst successfully applied to attain excellent yields and moderate enantioselectivities in the Michael reaction.[Supplementary materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Synthetic Communications® for the following free supplemental resources: Full experimental and spectral details.]
    ChemInform 02/2014; 45(8).
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    ABSTRACT: Enzymatic synthesis of N-trans-feruloyltyramine amide was optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) using 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid and tyramine hydrochloride in a one-step lipase catalyzed reaction using Lipozyme TL IM. Response surface methodology (RSM) based on five-level, four-variable central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was used to evaluate the interaction of synthesis, reaction time (24–96 h), temperature (30°–50°C), amount of enzyme (50–500 mg, 12.5–125.0 IUN), and substrate molar ratio (cinnamic acid:tyramine HCl) 1:1–8:1 mmol on the percentage yield of N-trans-feruloyltyramine amide. The optimum conditions derived via RSM were: reaction time 52 h, temperature 43°C, amount of enzyme 260 mg (65.0 IUN), and substrate molar ratio (cinnamic acid:tyramine HCl) 6.2:1. The actual experimental yield was 96.3% under optimum conditions, which compared well to the maximum predicted value of 97.2%.
    Chemical Engineering Communications 01/2014; 201(12). · 1.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here, we focused on a simple enzymatic epoxidation of alkenes using lipase and phenylacetic acid. The immobilised Candida antarctica lipase B, Novozym 435 was used to catalyse the formation of peroxy acid instantly from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and phenylacetic acid. The peroxy phenylacetic acid generated was then utilised directly for in situ oxidation of alkenes. A variety of alkenes were oxidised with this system, resulting in 75-99% yield of the respective epoxides. On the other hand, the phenylacetic acid was recovered from the reaction media and reused for more epoxidation. Interestingly, the waste phenylacetic acid had the ability to be reused for epoxidation of the 1-nonene to 1-nonene oxide, giving an excellent yield of 90%.
    The Scientific World Journal 01/2014; 2014:756418. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    Rizana Yusof, Emilia Abdulmalek, Kamaliah Sirat, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman
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    ABSTRACT: Density, viscosity and ionic conductivity data sets of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) formed by tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBABr) paired with ethlyene glycol, 1,3-propanediol, 1,5-pentanediol and glycerol hydrogen bond donors (HBDs) are reported. The properties of DES were measured at temperatures between 303 K and 333 K for HBD percentages of 66.7% to 90%. The effects of HBDs under different temperature and percentages are systematically analyzed. As expected, the measured density and viscosity of the studied DESs decreased with an increase in temperature, while ionic conductivity increases with temperature. In general, DESs made of TBABr and glycerol showed the highest density and viscosity and the lowest ionic conductivity when compared to other DESs. The presence of an extra hydroxyl group on glycerol in a DES affected the properties of the DES.
    Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 01/2014; 19(6):8011-8026.
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    ABSTRACT: A series of tripeptide organocatalysts containing a secondary amine group and two amino acids with polar side chain units were developed and evaluated in the direct asymmetric intermolecular aldol reaction of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde and cyclohexanone. The effectiveness of short polar peptides as asymmetric catalysts in aldol reactions to attain high yields of enantio- and diastereoselective isomers were investigated. In a comparison, glutamic acid and histidine produced higher % ee and yields when they were applied as the second amino acid in short trimeric peptides. These short polar peptides were found to be efficient organocatalysts for the asymmetric aldol addition reaction in aqueous media. Chirality 00:000-000, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Chirality 08/2013; · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: doi: 10.1080/00397911.2012.762686
    Synthetic Communications 06/2013; · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: doi: 10.1080/00397911.2012.736005
    Synthetic Communications 04/2013; 43(20):2725-2732. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fatty acid esters are long-chain esters, produced from the reaction of fatty acids and alcohols. They possess potential applications in cosmetic and pharmaceutical formulations due to their excellent wetting behaviour at interfaces and a non-greasy feeling when applied on the skin surfaces. This preliminary work was carried out to construct pseudo-ternary phase diagrams for oleyl laurate, oleyl stearate and oleyl oleate with surfactants and piroxicam. Then, the preparation and optimization study via 'One-At-A-Time Approach' were carried out to determine the optimum amount of oil, surfactants and stabilizer using low-energy emulsification method. The results revealed that multi-phase region dominated the three pseudo-ternary phase diagrams. A composition was chosen from each multi-phase region for preparing the nanoemulsions systems containing piroxicam by incorporating a hydrocolloid stabilizer. The results showed that the optimum amount (w/w) of oil for oleyl laurate nanoemulsions was 30 and 20 g (w/w) for oleyl stearate nanoemulsions and oleyl oleate nanoemulsions. For each nanoemulsions system, the amount of mixed surfactants and stabilizer needed for the emulsification to take place was found to be 10 and 0.5 g (w/w), respectively. The emulsification process via high-energy emulsification method successfully produced nano-sized range particles. The nanoemulsions systems passed the centrifugation test and freeze-thaw cycle with no phase failures, and stable for 3 months at various storage temperatures (3°C, 25°C and 45°C). The results proved that the prepared nanoemulsions system cannot be formed spontaneously, and thus, energy input was required to produce nano-sized range particles.
    AAPS PharmSciTech 02/2013; · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here, we describe an improved enzyme-facilitated epoxidation of 1-nonene using a conventional water bath shaker at ambient temperature. Enzymes were used to produce peroxy acids instantly from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and various perhydrolysis substrates. The peroxy acid generated was then utilised directly for in-situ oxidation of 1-nonene to 1-nonene oxide. Various parameters affecting the reaction were studied such as the nature of the peroxy acids, organic solvents, enzyme sources and enzyme concentrations. The highest conversion rate was achieved using phenylacetic acid as an oxygen carrier. 1-Nonene was converted most efficiently with 95% of the maximum yield by Novozym 435, an immobilised Candida antarctica lipase B, using dichloromethane as the reaction media. A minimum amount (16 mg, 1.4% w/w) of Novozym 435 was needed to maintain catalytic activity (160.0 Ug−1). In addition, a simple and rapid Gas chromatography mass spectroscopy selective ion monitoring (GC-MS SIM) method was developed using a HP-5ms column for determining 1-nonene oxide. The method was found to be linear in the range of 29.9 to 298.8 mg/L with R2 = 0.9981.
    Biocatalysis and Biotransformation 11/2012; 30(5-6). · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: N-trans feruloyltyramine amide was successfully synthesized from 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid and tyramine hydrochloride in a one-step lipase catalysed reaction. The use of immobilized lipase, lipozyme TL IM as the catalyst in the reaction allowed simple isolation of the enzyme from the products and other components in the reaction mixture. N-feruloyltyramine amide was characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy, Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) and elemental analysis. Under optimized conditions 93.5% yield was obtained when the process was carried out for 48 h using a molar ratio of cinnamic acid:tyramine HCl, 6:1 at 40°C. In addition, a rapid simple and sensitive HPLC-UV method was developed for the determination of N-feruloyltyramine using an ®Rp-8 endcapped column. The optimum mobile phase used was acetonitrile:disodium hydrogen phosphate, 30:70(v/v.). N-feruloyltyramine amide was detected at a retention time of 12 min. The calibration curve was linear over the range of 5.27–12.30 × 10−4 M with correlation factor r = 0.9958. Consequently, the method was considered valid for quantitative analysis samples of N-trans-feruloyltyramine amide.
    Biocatalysis and Biotransformation 09/2012; 30(4). · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • Chemical Product and Process Modeling 07/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Eugenol caprylate was synthesized using Lipozyme TLIM as the biocatalyst for the reaction. A two level Plackett–Burman (PB) experimental design was used for finding the significant reaction parameters. Response surface methodology (RSM) with a three-factor-five-level central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was further employed to study and optimize the reaction conditions. A good correlation between the predicted and actual responses showed that the generated model could adequately predict the conversion yield. The maximum conversion yield (72.2%) was obtained at the optimal condition of 65 °C, 250 rpm, 259 min, 100 mg enzyme, and 2:1 M ratio of eugenol/caprylic acid in solvent-free system.
    Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology. 07/2012; 1(3):226–231.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pesticides are developed with carriers to improve their physicochemical properties and, accordingly, the bioefficacy of the applied formulation. For foliar-applied herbicide, generally less than 0.1% of the active ingredient reaching the target site could reduce pesticide performance. Recently, a carrier of nanoemulsion consisting of oil, surfactant and water, with a particle size of less than 200 nm, has been shown to enhance drug permeability for skin penetration in pharmaceutical delivery systems. In the present work, the aim was to formulate a water-soluble herbicide, glyphosate isopropylamine (IPA), using a green nanoemulsion system for a biological activity study against the weeds creeping foxglove, slender button weed and buffalo grass. RESULTS: The nanoemulsion formulations displayed a significantly lower spray deposition on creeping foxglove (2.9-3.5 ng cm(-2) ), slender button weed (2.6-2.9 ng cm(-2) ) and buffalo grass (1.8-2.4 ng cm(-2) ) than Roundup(®) (3.7-5.1 ng cm(-2) ). The visible injury rates of weeds treated with the nanoemulsion formulations were statistically equivalent to those relating to Roundup(®) at 14 days after treatment, with a control range of 86.67-96.67%. CONCLUSION: It was hypothesised that the significant difference in spray deposition with equal injury rates can be attributed to enhanced bioactivity of the nanoemulsion formulations. This initial discovery could be the platform for developing better penetration of agrochemical formulations in the future. Copyright © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.
    Pest Management Science 05/2012; · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In silico and experimental investigations were conducted to explore the effects of substituting hydrophobic residues, Val, Met, Leu, Ile, Trp, and Phe into Gln 114 of T1 lipase. The in silico investigations accurately predicted the enzymatic characteristics of the mutants in the experimental studies and provided rationalization for some of the experimental observations. Substitution with Leu successfully improved the conformational stability and enzymatic characteristics of T1 lipase. However, replacement of Gln114 with Trp negatively affected T1 lipase and resulted in the largest disruption of protein stability, diminished lipase activity and inferior enzymatic characteristics. These results suggested that the substitution of a larger residue in a densely packed area of the protein core can have considerable effects on the structure and function of an enzyme. This is especially true when the residue is next to the catalytic serine as demonstrated with the Phe and Trp mutation.
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 05/2012; 167(3):612-20. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enzyme immobilisation technology is an effective means to improve sugar ester production through the employment of biocatalysts. In the present study, immobilisation of Candida rugosa (CRL) lipase onto amino-activated mica is performed via covalent bonding (namely Amino-CRL) and the cross-linking of lipases into nano-reactors through physical adsorption (namely NER-CRL). Free and immobilised lipases were tested for their esterification activities. Specific activities for Amino-CRL and NER-CRL increased by 2.4 and 2.6-fold, respectively, upon immobilisation. Extending this work, immobilised lipases have novel capabilities in the synthesis of sugar esters. The optimised conditions for sugar fatty acid ester syntheses are 48 h at 2:1 of molar ratio of lactose sugar to capric acid at 55 °C. Furthermore, a high operational stability with half-lives of over 13 and 10 runs was achieved for NER-CRL and Amino-CRL, respectively, indicating the efficiency of the immobilisation process.
    Food Chemistry. 03/2012; 131(1):199–205.
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    Roghayeh Abedi Karjiban, Mahiran Basri, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman, Abu Bakar Salleh
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    ABSTRACT: Palm oil-based esters (POEs) are unsaturated and non-ionic esters with a great potential to act as chemical penetration enhancers and drug carriers for transdermal drug nano-delivery. A ratio of palmitate ester and nonionic Tween80 with and without diclofenac acid was chosen from an experimentally determined phase diagram. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed for selected compositions over a period of 15 ns. Both micelles showed a prolate-like shape, while adding the drug produced a more compact micellar structure. Our results proposed that the drug could behave as a co-surfactant in our simulated model.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2012; 13(8):9572-83. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    Emilia Abdulmalek, Mahashanon Arumugam, Mahiran Basri, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman
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    ABSTRACT: Herein, an efficient epoxidation of 1-nonene is described. In a simple epoxidation system, commercially available Novozym 435, an immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B, and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) were utilized to facilitate the in situ oxidation of phenylacetic acid to the corresponding peroxy acid which then reacted with 1-nonene to give 1-nonene oxide with high yield and selectivity. The aliphatic terminal alkene was epoxidised efficiently in chloroform to give an excellent yield (97%-99%) under the optimum reaction conditions, including temperature (35 °C), initial H(2)O(2) concentration (30%), H(2)O(2) amount (4.4 mmol), H(2)O(2) addition rate (one step), acid amount (8.8 mmol), and stirring speed (250 rpm). Interestingly, the enzyme was stable under the single-step addition of H(2)O(2) with a catalytic activity of 190.0 Ug-1. The entire epoxidation process was carried out within 12 h using a conventional water bath shaker.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2012; 13(10):13140-9. · 2.46 Impact Factor