ABSTRACT: The present study evaluated the antinociceptive effect of the pro-inflammatory cytokines inhibitor diacerein in mice and its possible mechanism of action. The antinociception produced by diacerein was tested at different sites of action, moreover selective antagonists or agonists were used to identify the mechanism that may be involved in its antinociceptive action against acetic acid-induced visceral pain. Diacerein administered systemically (intraperitoneal [i.p.] or intra-gastric [i.g.] routes), supra-spinally (i.c.v.), spinally (i.t.) or peripherally (in association with the irritant agent) inhibited the visceral nociception induced by acetic acid in mice. Interestingly, diacerein treatment (25 mg/kg, i.p. or 50 mg/kg, i.g.) produced long-lasting (for up to 4 h) inhibition of acetic acid-induced nociception. Intraperitoneal treatment of mice with diacerein (25.0 mg/kg) inhibited somatic nociception induced by i.t. injection of glutamate, NMDA, kainate, and trans-ACPD but not that caused by AMPA. Diacerein (5.0-25.0 mg/kg) also produced dose related inhibition of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) induced nociception. These results indicate that diacerein produces antinociception by inhibiting glutamatergic transmission through both ionotropic and metabotropic receptors as well as activity of pro-inflammatory cytokines.
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 06/2012; 102(4):549-54. · 2.53 Impact Factor