ABSTRACT: To study the distribution of a set of polymorphic alleles of genes encoding key regulators of the menstrual cycle in cohorts of women with different levels of fertility.
Prospective cohort study.
Two hundred fertile women, who reported to have conceived within 3 months, 348 women with ongoing menstrual cycles suffering of infertility, and 48 infertile women diagnosed with infertility and premature ovarian failure (POF).
Eleven polymorphisms of genes with known associations with surrogate parameters of female ovarian function were analyzed.
The prevalence of polymorphic alleles in the three distinct cohorts after adjustment for age.
The distributions of the allelic variants were compared with the fertility status of the recruited women. Using age-adjusted logistic regression analysis and the Bonferroni correction for multiple corrections, the CC-allele of the PvuII polymorphic variant in intron 1 of the ESR1 gene was twice as prevalent among women suffering from infertility. None of the other polymorphisms were distributed differently among the three cohorts.
The ESR1-PvuII polymorphism emerges as a potential candidate for the early prediction of infertility due to premature ovarian aging.
Fertility and sterility 06/2012; 98(4):965-972.e5. · 3.97 Impact Factor