Xian-Yong Lan

Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Min-hou, Fujian, China

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Publications (45)73.6 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte nuclear factor-4α (HNF-4α), a member of the hepatocyte nuclear factor family, plays an important role in regulating the expression of genes involved in the development, differentiation and normal function of liver and pancreatic β cells, as well as the maintenance of glucose homeostasis. Tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system PCR (T-ARMS-PCR) is a new method offering fast detection and extreme simplicity at a negligible cost for SNP genotyping. In this paper, we characterize the polymorphisms of the bovine HNF-4α gene in three Chinese indigenous cattle breeds (n=660). Six novel SNPs were identified including 1 mutation in the coding region and others in introns. The statistical analyses indicated that 4 SNPs (g.T53729C, g.A53861G, g.A65188C and g.T65444C) affected growth traits markedly (P<0.05) in Qinchuan cattle (2years after birth). Besides, haplotypes involving these 4 SNP sites in the bovine HNF-4α gene were identified and their effects on growth traits were also analyzed. The results showed that haplotypes 2, 7, 9 and 11 were predominant and accounted for 73.2%, 59.6%, and 67.1% in Qinchuan, Nanyang and Jiaxian cattle breeds, respectively. Hap9 (TAAT) was extremely predominant in all test populations, which suggested that individuals with Hap9 were more adapted to the environment. Furthermore, 4 combined haplotypes were constructed to guarantee the reliability of analysis results in Qinchuan cattle. There were also significant differences in body length (P<0.05). These findings will benefit for the application of DNA marker related to the growth traits on marker-assisted selection (MAS), and improve the performance of beef cattle.
    Gene 06/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to detect splicing variants of the bovine NFIX gene and determine their expression regulations. Through bioinformatics analysis, we predicted five isoforms of the bovine NFIX transcript product and validated their existence using cDNA pool and sequencing methods. The five isoforms had a common 5′-terminal sequence and various 3′-terminal sequences. Nuclear factor I family genes can activate or repress transcription by a highly variable C-terminal region. Thus, the five isoform products from a single gene may function differently. Quantitative PCR results showed that NFIX had highest expression in brain; medial expression in lung and muscle; and lower expression in spleen, kidney, liver and heart of both embryo and adult cattle. However, the expression levels NFIX in adult tissues were significantly decreased, and the diversity of its alternative splicing events was lower. Each isoform was expressed differently in different tissues at the embryo and adult stages. One of the isoforms (Nfix2) was not detected in tissues of adult cattle. In brain, another of the isoforms (Nfix3) was not detected, whereas the other four isoforms were highly expressed. In the embryo, of the five isoforms, the profile of the one labeled Nfix4 was the most similar to that of total Nfix, and we proved that it was the major isoform. This study is the first that has detected five novel isoforms of the bovine NFIX transcript products and that has examined their profiles at spatial and temporal levels, which will provide essential information for better understanding the bovine NFIX gene.
    Animal Genetics 05/2014; · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADFP) is important for regulation of lipid metabolism and insulin secretion in beta-cells. In this study, we investigated polymorphisms within the caprine ADFP gene and determined its relationship with production traits. As there was no sequence information available for the caprine ADFP gene, we generated DNA sequence data and examined the genomic organisation. The caprine ADFP gene is organised into 7 exons and 6 introns that span approximately 8.7kbp and is transcribed into mRNA containing 1353bp of sequence coding for a protein of 450 amino acids. The protein sequences showed substantial similarity (71-99%) to orthologues from cattle, human and mouse. We identified polymorphisms in the sequences using DNA sequencing, PCR-RFLP and forced PCR-RFLP methods. Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified using samples from 4 different goat populations consisting of 1408 healthy and unrelated individuals. Six haplotypes involving the 7 SNPs from the caprine ADFP gene were identified and their effects on production traits were analysed. Haplotype 6 had the highest haplotype frequency and was highly significantly associated with chest circumference and milk yield in the analysed populations. The results of this study suggest that the ADFP gene is a strong candidate gene affecting production traits and may be used for marker-assisted selection and management in Chinese dairy goat breeding programmes.
    Gene 01/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: LIM homeobox transcription factor 4 (LHX4) is a LIM homeodomain transcription factor involved in pituitary gland and nervous system development. The aim of this study was to examine the association of the LHX4 polymorphisms with growth traits in beef cattle breed. A total of 7 single nucleotide polymorphyisms (SNPs) have been identified in the coding region and noncoding region of the bovine LHX4 by sequencing pooled DNA samples (Pool-Seq) and PCR - single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) methods. The linkage disequilibrium was assessed in 871 individuals representing four main cattle breeds from China. The SNPs 2-5 and 7-8 were found to be in complete linkage disequilibrium, respectively. The result of haplotype analysis of 13 SNPs showed that 31 haplotypes were found in four Chinese cattle breeds, and 20 genotypes were only found in Nanyang cattle. The statistical analyses indicated that the SNP1-5, and 6 are associated with the body weight at 18, and 6 months of age in Nanyang cattle population (P<0.05), but no significant associations between their twenty combined genotypes. Our results provide evidence that some polymorphisms in LHX4 are associated with growth traits at certain ages, and may be used as candidates for marker-assisted selection and management in cattle.
    Gene 01/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zinc finger, BED-type containing 6 (ZBED6) is a novel transcription factor that was identified and shown to act as a repressor of IGF2 transcription in skeletal muscle myogenesis and development. The aims of this study were to determine ZBED6 expression level and examine the association of the ZBED6 polymorphism with growth traits in Qinchuan beef cattle. The bovine ZBED6 mRNA was detected in eight tissues by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), being highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified the bovine ZBED6 by sequencing pooled DNA samples (Pool-Seq) and forced polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (forced PCR-RFLP) methods. In this study, we reported one mutation in the promoter and two missense mutations in the coding regions within the bovine ZBED6 gene, and the haplotype variability and extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD) in 817 individuals from the Qinchuan (QC) and Chinese Holstein (CH). We also investigated haplotype structure and linkage disequilibrium coefficients for three SNPs of ZBED6 in the study populations. The result of haplotype analysis of three SNPs showed that eight different haplotypes were identified in two breeds. The wild-type haplotype (Hap 1: GCA) and mutant-type haplotype (Hap 8: AGG) shared by two populations accounted for 29.8%, 57.5%, and 8.6%, 0% of all haplotypes observed in QC and CH, respectively. The statistical analyses indicated that three SNPs, 23 combined genotypes, and 8 haplotypes were significantly associated with different growth traits in the QC cattle population (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The mutant-type variants and mutant haplotype were superior for growth traits; the heterozygote diplotype was associated with higher growth traits compared to the wild-type homozygote. The results of this study suggest that the ZBED6 gene possibly is a strong candidate gene that affects growth traits in QC beef cattle breeding program.
    Animal Biotechnology 01/2014; 25(1):35-54. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zinc finger, BED-type containing 6 (ZBED6) is an important transcription factor in placental mammals, affecting development, cell proliferation and growth. In this study, we found that the expression of the ZBED6 and IGF2 were upregulated during C2C12 differentiation. The IGF2 expression levels were negatively associated with the methylation status in beef cattle (P < 0.05). A luciferase assay for the IGF2 intron 3 and P3 promoter showed that the mutant-type 439 A-SNP-pGL3 in driving reporter gene transcription is significantly higher than that of the wild-type 439 G-SNP-pGL3 construct (P < 0.05). An over-expression assay revealed that ZBED6 regulate IGF2 expression and promote myoblast differentiation. Furthermore, knockdown of ZBED6 led to IGF2 expression change in vitro. Taken together, these results suggest that ZBED6 inhibits IGF2 activity and expression via a G to A transition disrupts the interaction. Thus, we propose that ZBED6 plays a critical role in myogenic differentiation.
    Scientific Reports 01/2014; 4:4570. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue has long been recognized to play an extremely important role in development. In bovines, it not only serves a fundamental function but also plays a key role in the quality of beef and, consequently, has drawn much public attention. Age and sex are two key factors that affect the development of adipose tissue, and there has not yet been a global study detailing the effects of these two factors on expressional differences of adipose tissues. RESULTS: In this study, total RNA from the back fat of fetal bovines, adult bulls, adult heifers and adult steers were used to construct libraries for Illumina next-generation sequencing. We detected the expression levels of 12,233 genes, with over 3,000 differently expressed genes when comparing fetal and adult patterns and an average of 1000 differently expressed genes when comparing adult patterns. Multiple Gene Ontology terms and pathways were found to be significantly enriched for these differentially expressed genes. Of the 12,233 detected genes, a total of 4,753 genes (38.85%) underwent alternative splicing events, and over 50% were specifically expressed in each library. Over 4,000 novel transcript units were discovered for one library, whereas only approximately 30% were considered to have coding ability, which supplied a large amount of information for the lncRNA study. Additionally, we detected 56,564 (fetal bovine), 65,154 (adult bull), 78,061 (adult heifer) and 86,965 (adult steer) putative single nucleotide polymorphisms located in coding regions of the four pooled libraries. CONCLUSION: Here, we present, for the first time, a complete dataset involving the spatial and temporal transcriptome of bovine adipose tissue using RNA-seq. These data will facilitate the understanding of the effects of age and sex on the development of adipose tissue and supply essential information towards further studies on the genomes of beef cattle and other related mammals.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is a potent cell growth and differentiation factor and is implicated in mammals' growth and development. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the mutations in the bovine IGF2 with growth traits in Chinese Qinchuan cattle. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected of the bovine IGF2 by DNA pool sequencing and forced polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (forced PCR-RFLP) methods. We also investigated haplotype structure and linkage disequilibrium (LD) coefficients for four SNPs in 817 individuals representing two main cattle breeds from China. The result of haplotype analysis showed eight different haplotypes and 27 combined genotypes within the study population. The statistical analyses indicated that the four SNPs, combined genotypes and haplotypes are associated with the withers height, body length, chest breadth, chest depth and body weight in Qinchuan cattle population (P < 0.05 or <0.01). The mutant-type variants and mutant haplotype (Hap 8: ATGG; likely to be the beneficial QTN allele) was superior for growth traits; the heterozygote diplotype was associated with higher growth traits compared to wild-type homozygote. Our results provide evidence that polymorphisms in the IGF2 gene are associated with growth traits, and may be used for marker-assisted selection in beef cattle breeding program.
    Molecular Biology Reports 12/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The myostatin gene (MSTN) is a genetic determinant of skeletal muscle growth. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in MSTN are of importance due to their strong associations with horse racing performances. In this study, we screened the SNPs in MSTN gene in 514 horses from 15 Chinese horse breeds. Six SNPs (g.26T>C, g.156T>C, g.587A>G, g.598C>T, g.1485C>T, g.2115A>G) in MSTN gene were detected by sequencing and genotyped using PCR-RFLP method. The g.587A>G and g.598C>T residing in the 5'UTR region were novel SNPs identified by this study. The g.2115A>G which have previously been associated with racing performances were present in Chinese horse breeds, providing valuable genetic information for evaluating the potential racing performances in Chinese domestic breeds. The six SNPs together defined thirteen haplotypes, demonstrating abundant haplotype diversities in Chinese horses. Most of the haplotypes were shared among different breeds with no haplotype restricted to a specific region or a single horse breed. AMOVA analysis indicated that most of the genetic variance was attributable to differences among individuals without any significant contribution by the four geographical groups. This study will provide fundamental and instrumental genetic information for evaluating the potential racing performances of Chinese horse breeds.
    Gene 12/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In cattle, the ADIPOQ gene is located in the vicinity of the quantitative trait locus (QTL) affecting marbling, the ribeye muscle area and fat thickness on BTA1. In our study, a novel variable duplication (NW_003103812.1:g.9232067_9232133dup) in the bovine ADIPOQ promoter region was identified and genotyped in seven Chinese cattle breeds. Using a reporter assay, we demonstrated that g.9232067_9232133dup decreased the basal transcriptional activity of the ADIPOQ gene in the 3T3-L1 and C2C12 cells. Furthermore, g.9232067_9232133dup suppressed the mRNA expression of the gene in adipose and muscle tissues. An association analysis indicated that the incremental variable duplication was associated with body measurements.
    Animal Genetics 12/2013; · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DNA methylation is a key epigenetic modification in mammals, have essential and important roles in muscle development. Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is a fetal growth and differentiation factor that plays an important role in muscle growth and in myoblast proliferation and differentiation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of IGF2 and the methylation pattern on the differentially methylated region (DMR) of the last exon of IGF2 in six tissues with two different developmental stages. The DNA methylation pattern was compared using bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction (BSP) and combined bisulfite restriction analysis (COBRA). The quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) analysis indicated that IGF2 has a broad tissue distribution and the adult bovine group showed significant lower mRNA expression levels than that in the fetal bovine group (P<0.05 or P<0.01); Moreover, the DNA methylation level analysis showed that the adult bovine group exhibited a significantly higher DNA methylation levels than that in the fetal bovine group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). These results indicate that IGF2 expression levels were negatively associated with the methylation status of the IGF2 DMR during the two developmental stages. Our results suggest that the methylation pattern in this DMR may be a useful parameter to investigate as a marker-assisted selection for muscle developmental in beef cattle breeding program and as a model for studies in other species.
    Gene 10/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transcription factor paired box 6 gene (PAX6) plays a key role during the early development of various organs. In this study, three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified in the introns 2, 8 and 11 of the bovine PAX6 gene. 8 haplotypes and 13 diplotypes were revealed and the linkage disequilibrium (LD) was assessed in 817 cows representing four main cattle breeds from China (Nanyang, NY; Qinchuan, QC; Jiaxian, JX; Chinese Holstein, CH). The LD analysis revealed that the additional three SNPs were not in strong LD, the wild haplotype (Hap 1: CTT) and mutant haplotype (Hap 8: TCC) have a frequency of 9.36, 35.61, 18.32, 57.15 % and 15.60, 14.19, 0.83, 0 % in the four cattle populations. The statistical analyses indicated that the SNP2 and 3 are associated with the body weight at birth, 6 and 12 months in NY and JX cattle population (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05); and significant association was detected between 19 (NY) or 13 (JX) diplotype (combined genotypes) and body weight at different ages (birth, 6 and 12 months). Our results provide evidence that some polymorphisms in PAX6 are associated with growth traits at some ages, and may be used as candidates for marker-assisted selection in beef cattle breeding program.
    Molecular Biology Reports 09/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the Y chromosome genetic diversity and paternal origin of Chinese cattle, 369 bulls from 17 Chinese native cattle breeds and 30 bulls from Holstein and four bulls from Burma were analyzed using a recently discovered USP9Y marker that could distinguish between taurine and indicine cattle more efficiently. In total, the taurine Y1, Y2 haplogroup and indicine Y3 haplogroup were detected in 7 (1.9 %), 193 (52.3 %) and 169 (45.8 %) individuals of 17 Chinese native breeds, respectively, although these frequencies varied amongst the Chinese native cattle breeds examined. Y2 dominates in northern China (91.4 %), while Y3 dominates in southern China (81.2 %). Central China is an admixture zone with Y2 predominating overall (72.0 %). Our results demonstrate that Chinese cattle have two paternal origins, one from B. taurus (Y2) and the other from B. indicus (Y3). The Y1 haplogroup may originate from the imported beef cattle breeds in western countries. The geographical distributions of the Y2 and Y3 haplogroup frequencies reveal a pattern of male indicine introgression from south to north China, and male taurine introgression from north to south China.
    Molecular Biology Reports 09/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As a signaling molecule, bone morphogenetic protein 8B (BMP8B) plays an essential role in bone metabolism and is able to regulate thermogenesis and energy balance, which suggests that BMP8B gene may be a new candidate for growth traits. Here, to characterize the effects of BMP8B gene on growth traits, we first used three Chinese indigenous cattle breeds (n=845) to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Five novel SNPs of BMP8B gene (g.-242C>T, g.2164C>T, g.2639T>C, g.2900C>G and g.10817C>T) were identified by DNA pool sequencing and forced PCR-RFLP. And then we associated the five SNPs with four growth traits (body weight, body length, heart girth, and hucklebone width). Results from association analysis showed that the SNPs 1, 2, and 3 affected growth trait(s) markedly (P<0.05). Further, 6 combined haplotypes were constructed to guarantee the reliability of analysis results. There were also significant differences in body length, heart girth and body weight between the 6 combined haplotypes (P<0.05), but not in hucklebone width (P>0.05). Collectively, our results suggest a modulatory role of BMP8B gene in cattle growth and development, and 3 SNPs could be used as molecular markers in early marker assisted selection (MAS) in beef cattle breeding program.
    Gene 09/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is a fetal growth and differentiation factor that plays an important role in muscle growth and in myoblast proliferation and differentiation. The aim of this study was to examine the association of the IGF2 polymorphism with growth traits in beef cattle breed. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs: 1-4) were identified in the bovine IGF2 by sequencing pooled DNA samples (Pool-Seq) and forced polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism (Forced PCR-RFLP) methods. The result of haplotype analysis of four SNPs showed that eight haplotypes and eighteen combined genotypes were revealed, and the linkage disequilibrium and evolutionary relationship were assessed in 1522 individuals representing four purebred cattle breeds from China. The statistical analyses indicated that the 4 SNPs and 18 combined genotypes or haplotypes are associated with the body weight at 18 and 24 months in Jiaxian cattle population (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Our results provide evidence that polymorphisms in the IGF2 gene are associated with growth traits, and may be used for marker-assisted selection in beef cattle breeding program.
    Gene 07/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Muscle growth is a complex phenomenon regulated by many factors, whereby net growth results from the combined action of synthesis and turnover. Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is a fetal growth and differentiation factor that plays an important role in muscle growth and in myoblast proliferation and differentiation; Zinc finger, BED-type containing 6 (ZBED6) is a novel transcription factor that was identified and shown to act as a repressor of IGF2 transcription in skeletal muscle. In this study, a total of seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified, four SNPs in intron 8 of IGF2 and one promoter SNP and two missense mutations in the coding region of ZBED6, two of which were in complete linkage disequilibrium (LD) in the bovine IGF2. The 58 haplotypes were inferred in 1522 individuals representing four purebred cattle breeds from China. The seven SNPs, 79 and 66 combined diplotypes were revealed for association with body mass in Nanyang and Jiaxian cattle populations at five different ages (P < 0.05 or 0.01). The mutant-type variants and haplotype 58 (likely in LD with the beneficial quantitative trait nucleotide allele) was superior for body mass; the heterozygote diplotype of the most common haplotypes 58 was associated with higher body mass compared to either heterozygote or homozygote. The statistical analyses indicated that the mutant-type variants and haplotypes are significantly associated with body mass in study cattle populations at different ages. These data demonstrate that variants and haplotypes are associated with growth traits, and these results may provide important biological insights into the phenotypic differentiation that is associated with adaptation and specialization of cattle breeds.
    Genome 06/2013; 56(6):327-34. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SIRT1, a mammalian homologue for yeast silent information regulator 2 (SIR2), is a NAD(+) -dependent deacetylase that belongs to the class III histone deacetylases. It plays an important role in diverse cellular processes, including stress resistance, mitochondrial function, suppression of inflammation and DNA repair. In this study, we screened and identified a novel polymorphism (c.-274C>G) in the SIRT1 promoter region. In silico prediction reveals that this SNP is in the core of cell cycle-dependent element (CDE)-binding motif. Interestingly, the G allele abolished a CDE-binding site, which suggested its functional significance. In the luciferase assay system, we found that the G allele-containing construct displayed a strikingly lower promoter activity compared with the C allele, which may downregulate SIRT1 expression levels. Additionally, we observed a significant association between the c.-274C>G polymorphism and growth traits in Nanyang cattle, suggesting that anomalous transcription factor-based repression of SIRT1 may increase bovine fat mass and body size.
    Animal Genetics 05/2013; · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ZBED6 is a novel transcription factor that was identified and shown to act as a repressor of IGF2 transcription in skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to examine the association of the ZBED6 polymorphism with growth traits in beef cattle breed. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified the bovine ZBED6 by sequencing pooled DNA samples (Pool-Seq) and forced polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism (Forced PCR-RFLP) methods. Overall, we reported one mutation (SNP1) in the promoter region and two missense mutations (SNP2 and 3) in the coding region (single exon) within the bovine ZBED6 gene, and the haplotype variability and extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD) in 1522 individuals representing four main cattle breeds from China (Nanyang, NY; Qinchuan, QC; Jiaxian, JX; and Chinese Holstein,CH). We also investigated haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium coefficients for three SNPs in all study populations. LD and haplotype structure of ZBED6 were different between breeds. The result of haplotype analysis of three SNPs showed that eight different haplotypes were identified in all breeds. The wild-type haplotype (Hap 1: GCA) and mutant-type haplotype (Hap 8: AGG) shared by all four populations accounted for 15.1, 29.8, 21.7, 57.5% and 9.5, 8.6, 16.7, 0% of all haplotypes observed in NY, QC, JX and CH, respectively. The statistical analyses indicated that three SNPs were significantly associated with growth traits in NY or JX cattle population (P<0.05 or P<0.01) at five different ages. The results of this study suggest that the ZBED6 gene possibly is a strong candidate gene that affects growth traits in beef cattle breeding program.
    Gene 05/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are peptide growth factors belonging to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) superfamily, and some members of BMPs family support white adipocyte differentiation. In this study, we focused on the BMP7 which singularly promotes differentiation of brown preadipocytes. Haplotypes involving 5 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) sites in the bovine BMP7 gene were identified and their effect on body weight were analyzed. 16 haplotypes and 18 combined haplotypes were revealed and the linkage disequilibrium was assessed in the cattle population with 602 individuals representing three main cattle breeds from China. The results showed that haplotypes 3, 10 and 14 were predominant and accounted for 75.64%, 69.85%, and 83.36% in Nanyang, Qinchuan and Jiaxian cattle breeds, respectively. The statistical analyses indicated that the SNP1, 4, and 5 are associated with the body weight, body length, and heart girth at 12 and 24months in Nanyang cattle population (P<0.05), whereas there is no significant association between their 16 haplotypes and 18 combined haplotypes. Our results provide evidence that some SNPs and haplotypes in BMP7 are associated with growth traits, and may be utilized as genetic marker in marker-assisted selection for beef cattle breeding programmes.
    Gene 03/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 1 (PITX1) plays an important role in pituitary development by indirectly regulating the expression of the GH and PRL genes, and therefore PITX1 gene is regarded as a potential candidate gene for building the relationship between the gene polymorphism and milk traits. The aim of this study was to explore the novel genetic variant in PITX1 gene and its effect on milk performance in dairy goats. Herein, a novel genetic variation (NW_00314033: g.201G>A or IVS1+41G>A) located at nt41 position of the first intron of the goat PITX1 gene was reported at the P1 locus, which can be genotyped by the Msp I PCR-RFLP. In the Msp I PCR-RFLP analyis, the GG variant was a major genotype, and the A variant was a minor allele in Guanzhong dairy goats which was at Hardy-Weinberg disequilibrium (chi-square χ2=140, P<0.01). The establishment of associations between different genotypes and milk performance was performed in the analyzed population. A total of three significant associations of the polymorphism with average milk fat content (%) (P=0.045), morning milk fat content (%) (P=0.049), and afternoon milk fat content (%) (P=0.050), were found, respectively. A significant relationship between the polymorphism and average total solid content (P=0.029) was also detected. This novel single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) extended the spectrum of genetic variation of the goat PITX1 gene, and its significant association with milk performance would benefit from the application of DNA markers related to improving milk performance through marker-assisted selection (MAS) in dairy goats.
    Journal of Integrative Agriculture. 01/2013; 12(1):118–126.

Publication Stats

82 Citations
73.60 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
      Min-hou, Fujian, China
  • 2005–2013
    • Northwest A & F University
      • College of Animal Science and Technology
      Yangling, Shaanxi Sheng, China