[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: FDG PET/CT and DWI are both functional modalities that indirectly represent the biological characteristics of cancer, but there are few studies exploring the association between the two modalities and prognostic factors. Our study attempted to evaluate the mutual association by comparing the prognostic factors, SUVmax value of PET/CT, and ADC values associated with diffusion imaging in invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) patients.
Patients with pathologically confirmed IDC were recruited. There were 118 patients who underwent MRI, including DWI, FDG PET/CT, and immunohistochemical staining of the surgical specimen. Histologic analysis was done on tumor size, lymph node metastasis, expression of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), Ki-67, and epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR). The relationship among ADC values, SUVmax and prognostic factors were evaluated.
There was significant association between the ADC value and ER-positive and HER2-negative expression. Significant associations were noted between SUVmax and tumor size, lymph node metastasis, histologic grade, ER and PR expression, EGFR and Ki-67. However, there was no significant correlation between the ADC value and SUVmax.
Even though there was no correlation between ADC and SUVmax, both indexes are useful for predicting the prognosis of IDC.
World Journal of Surgical Oncology 06/2012; 10:126. · 1.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Metaplastic carcinomas are ductal carcinomas that display metaplastic transformation of the glandular epithelium to non-glandular mesenchymal tissue. Metaplastic carcinoma has a poorer prognosis than most other breast cancers, so the differential diagnosis is important. Although many clinical and pathologic findings have been reported, to our knowledge, few imaging findings related to metaplastic carcinoma have been reported.
To investigate whole-breast imaging findings, including mammography, sonography, MRI, and pathologic findings, including immunohistochemical studies of metaplastic carcinomas of the breast.
We analyzed 33 cases of metaplastic carcinoma between January 2001 and January 2011. Mammography, ultrasonography, and MRI were recorded retrospectively using the American College of Radiology (ACR) breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) lexicon. Immunohistochemical studies of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), p53, and C-erbB-2 were performed.
The most common mammographic findings were oval shape (37%), circumscribed margin (59%), and high density (74%). The most common sonographic findings were irregular shape (59.4%), microlobulated margin (41%), complex echogenicity (81%), parallel orientation (97%), and posterior acoustic enhancement (50%). Axillary lymph node metastases were noted for 25% of the sonographic examinations. On MRI, the most common findings of margin and shape were irregularity (57% and 52.4%, respectively). High signal intensity was the most common finding on T2-weighted images (57%). Immunohistochemical profile was negative for ER (91%, 29/32) and PR (81%, 26/32).
Metaplastic carcinomas might display more benign features and less axillary lymph node metastasis than IDC. High signal intensity on T2 MRI images and hormone receptor negativity would be helpful in differentiating this tumor from other breast cancers.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose was to evaluate the mammographic and sonographic (US) features of lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). Methods. Mammographic and US findings of nine lesions diagnosed pathologically as pure LCIS were analyzed retrospectively according to the American College of Radiology breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) lexicon.
With regards to mammographic findings of LCIS, there were no lesions demonstrated in six cases and a mass in three cases, two of which contained microcalcifications. The most common US findings of LCIS were irregular shape (five cases), ill-defined margins (eight cases), and hypoechogenicity (seven cases). All cases had an elongated shape parallel to the skin or were round (no lesion had a taller-than-wide shape). Two cases were associated with microcalcifications. The final BI-RADS categories were category 3 (probably benign finding) in one case, category 4A (low suspicion of malignancy) in two cases, and category 4B (intermediate suspicion of malignancy) in six cases.
LCIS is frequently mammographically occult, and an incidental finding on routine screening mammograms, usually because of microcalcifications. LCIS, a high-risk lesion, can mimic invasive carcinoma on US.
Journal of Clinical Ultrasound 02/2011; 39(2):59-63. · 0.70 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The clinical and radiological diagnoses of lobular neoplasia (LN) and invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) are difficult because they have no specific findings. The purpose of this study is to illustrate the imaging and pathological features of LN and ILC. For lobular lesions, imaging is the basic and essential diagnostic tool, so the understanding and effective use of multimodality imaging findings are important. This article shows imaging findings of LN, which are seldom known, and ILC as well as their characteristic histopathological features.
The Journal of reproductive medicine 57(1-2):26-34. · 0.75 Impact Factor