[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human cytochrome P450 2A13 (CYP2A13), mainly expressed in respiratory tract, is active toward numerous toxicants. To establish the metabolism in vitro, we expressed CYP2A13 and NADPH-CYP450 oxidoreductase (POR) in a baculovirus/sf9 system. Due to the deficiency of sf9 cells in heme incorporation, we investigated the effects of different heme precursors on the expression of CYP2A13, POR and their co-expression. The present results showed that both CYP2A13 and POR were presented the highest expression levels or activity with 0.2 mM δ-aminolaevulinic acid (5-ALA), 0.02 mM Fe3+, and 0.5-1.0 μg/ml hemin. The combination of 0.2 mM 5-ALA and 0.02 mM Fe3+ significantly improved CYP2A13 expression and content compared with heme precursors alone, so was POR activity. A multiplicity of infection (MOI) value of 5 pfu/cell for CYP2A13 baculovirus particles induced very high CYP2A13 expression. When co-infected with different POR MOI values, a viral ratio of 5:2 was associated with the highest CYP2A13 activity, whereas POR activity dose-dependently increased with POR MOI. Furthermore, the expressed CYP2A13 in the optimized conduction could eliminate its substrate AFB1 at a significantly higher than those in other condition (p < 0.01). Our results provide an efficient approach for expressing functionally characterized, highly active, and homogeneous CYP2A13 proteins.
Journal of Biochemistry 03/2013; 153(6). DOI:10.1093/jb/mvt018 · 2.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A13 is mainly expressed in the respiratory system and has the ability to metabolize aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)). However, the role of CYP2A13-mediated AFB(1) metabolism and its consequences in human lung epithelial cell is not clear. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to investigate the significance of CYP2A13 in AFB(1)-induced cytotoxicity, DNA adducts, and apoptosis. To achieve these objectives, CYP2A13 was stably over-expressed in immortalized human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells (B-2A13) and its significance in AFB(1)-induced cytotoxicity, DNA adducts, and apoptosis was compared to cells with stably expression of CYP1A2 (B-1A2), the predominant AFB(1) metabolizing enzyme in liver, as well as CYP2A6 (B-2A6) as controls. AFB(1) induced B-2A13 cytotoxicity and apoptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of AFB(1) were significantly remarkable in B-2A13 cells than those of B-1A2 and B-2A6 cells. The increased expression of pro-apoptotic proteins, such as C-PARP, C-caspase-3, and Bax, and decreased expression of anti-apoptotic proteins, such as caspase-3, Bcl-2, and p-Bad further confirmed the data of AFB(1)-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis. Furthermore, increased DNA adduct was observed in B-2A13 after AFB(1) treatment as compared to B-1A2 cells and B-2A6 cells. Finally, treatment with nicotine, a competitor of AFB(1), and 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP), an inhibitor of CYP enzyme, further confirm the critical role of CYP2A13 in AFB(1)-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis. Collectively, these findings suggest adverse effects of AFB(1) in respiratory diseases mediated by CYP2A13.