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Publications (2)3.35 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Equine arteritis virus (EAV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) are members of family Arteriviridae; they are highly species specific and differ significantly in cellular tropism in cultured cells. In this study we examined the role of the two major envelope proteins (GP5 and M) of EAV and PRRSV in determining their cellular tropism. We generated three viable EAV/PRRSV chimeric viruses by swapping the N-terminal ectodomains of these two proteins from PRRSV IA1107 strain into an infectious cDNA clone of EAV (rMLVB4/5 GP5ecto, rMLVB4/5/6 Mecto and rMLVB4/5/6 GP5&Mecto). The three chimeric viruses could only infect EAV susceptible cell lines but not PRRSV susceptible cells in culture. Therefore, these data unequivocally demonstrate that the ectodomains of GP5 and M are not the major determinants of cellular tropism, further supporting the recent findings that the minor envelope proteins are the critical proteins in mediating cellular tropism (Tian et al., 2012).
    Virology 06/2012; 432(1):99-109. · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to re-evaluate safety aspects of the commercial modified live virus vaccine against equine viral arteritis (Arvac) in stallions. Ten seronegative stallions were administered a single dose of vaccine, whereas three others were used as controls. Presence of vaccine virus in blood, semen, and nasopharyngeal and conjunctival secretions was determined by virus isolation and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay. No adverse effects were observed after vaccination. Vaccine virus was detected in buffy-coat cultures of all stallions for an average of 4.3 days, and in nasopharyngeal swabs from 40% of the stallions for an average of 3.2 days. No virus was detected in conjunctival swabs. Small quantities of virus were detected in the semen of one stallion on days 4 and 6 postvaccination. Vaccinated stallions showed a marked increase in neutralizing antibody titers within 5 to 8 days after vaccination. The stallions in the control group remained uninfected. Finding very low levels of virus in the semen of one stallion provides justification for withholding semen from a first-time vaccinated stallion for a minimum of 14 days to avoid the potential risk of virus transmission or having vaccine virus detected in semen frozen from a recently vaccinated stallion. There was no evidence of persistence of vaccine virus in the reproductive tract of the vaccinated stallions. Virus isolation proved more sensitive than reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for detection of virus in buffy-coat and nasopharyngeal specimens. Peak antibody responses were reached at a little more than a week after vaccination and these remained undiminished for the remainder of the study.
    Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. 01/2011; 31:129-138.