J W Son

Ajou University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (16)97.03 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A recent investigation has suggested that citrus red mite (Panonychus citri, CRM) is the most important allergen in citrus-cultivating farmers with asthma and allergic rhinitis. A cross-sectional survey was performed to evaluate the prevalence of asthma and chronic rhinitis symptoms and sensitization to common indoor and outdoor aeroallergens, including CRM and Japanese cedar pollen, in rural and urban Korean children. A total of 2,055 children (1,055 subjects living in rural areas with citrus farms and 1,000 controls in urban areas without citrus farms) were enrolled. They were evaluated by a questionnaire, and by skin prick tests with 13 common indoor and outdoor aeroallergens, including CRM and Japanese cedar pollen. The prevalence of wheezing and chronic rhinitis symptoms during the last 12 months was 8.3% and 35.7% in the rural children and 10.5% and 22.4% in the control group. The most common sensitizing allergens in order of decreasing frequency were Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (26.6%), Dermatoplagoides farinae (22.7%), CRM (14.2%), cockroach (11.3%), and Japanese cedar pollen (9.7%) among the rural children, but the sensitization rates to CRM and Japanese cedar pollen were 1.3% and 0.2% among the control children, respectively. The prevalence of wheeze during the last 12 months was not different between rural children with sensitization to CRM or Japanese cedar pollen and those without sensitization (5.4% vs 6.1%; 6.9% vs 5.9%). However, the prevalence of chronic rhinitis during the last 12 months was higher among those with sensitization to CRM or to Japanese cedar pollen than among those without sensitization (40.8% vs 34.4%; 51.5% vs 33.5%). CRM is a common sensitizing allergen in rural children, and the sensitization rates to outdoor aeroallergens, especially CRM and Japanese cedar pollen, are very different between children from rural and urban areas in Korea.
    Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology: official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology 07/2001; 86(6):691-5. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent investigations have demonstrated that spider mites are important allergens in the development of asthma in fruit-cultivating farmers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitization rate to the citrus red mite (Panonychus citri) in children living in rural areas, and to determine the allergenic cross-reactivity with other mites. A total of 7254 children (ages 7-15 years) living in rural areas were enrolled, and each subject was evaluated by a questionnaire and a skin prick test. Allergenic cross-reactivity was evaluated by ELISA inhibition tests. The most common sensitizing allergens were house dust mites, followed by citrus red mite and cockroach. High serum-specific IgE bindings to the citrus red mite were detected in 21 of 100 randomly selected subjects. The prevalence of asthma was higher among those with positive skin responses to the citrus red mite than with negative skin responses to this mite. ELISA inhibition tests showed that IgE bindings to this mite were minimally inhibited with additions of domestic mites. Spider mites such as the citrus red mite may be important outdoor allergens among children living in rural areas, and spider mite-derived allergens have unique allergenic determinants compared with domestic mites.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 05/2001; 31(4):582-9. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous investigations demonstrated that citrus red mite (CRM) antigen could cause IgE-mediated bronchoconstriction in exposed farmers working on citrus farms. This study was performed to confirm IgE-binding components and major allergens within the CRM antigens. Ten subjects who had been diagnosed as having CRM-induced asthma were enrolled. Serum-specific IgE antibodies to CRM antigens were measured by using an ELISA. To identify IgE-binding components and major allergens, SDS-PAGE, 2-dimensional PAGE, IgE-immunoblot analysis, and amino acid sequencing of major allergens were performed. All the asthmatic subjects had high specific IgE antibodies to CRMs. Twelve percent SDS-PAGE analysis showed more than 10 protein bands ranging from 6 to 64 kd. SDS-PAGE and IgE-immunoblot analysis with each individual serum showed 5 IgE-binding components (11, 24, 35, 40, and 64 kd), with 2 (24 and 35 kd) of them bound in more than 50% of the study subjects. Two-dimensional PAGE and IgE-immunoblot analysis demonstrated that the major allergen at 24 kd had 2 bands with different isoelectric points of 4.75 and 5.1. Thirty-five kilodaltons had one band with an isoelectric point of 4.75. All amino acid sequencing of the 2 major allergens was performed, which was not homologous with any previously characterized allergens. Five IgE-binding components and 2 major allergens (24 and 35 kd) were identified within the CRM antigen. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the 2 major allergens (24 and 35 kd) was determined.
    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 03/2001; 107(2):244-8. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several candidate genes have been reported to be linked to intermediate phenotypes of asthma in Caucasian populations. To evaluate linkage between phenotypes of asthma and gene markers of high affinity IgE receptor-beta gene (D11S97), IL-4 cytokine gene cluster (IL-4R1), and T-cell receptor alpha/delta gene complex (D14S50) in Korean nuclear families. Nuclear families (127 probands and their 130 siblings) for the linkage analysis were ascertained through asthmatic children. Linkages between total serum IgE response, skin responses to common aeroallergens, and bronchial responsiveness to methacholine were performed using a sib-pair approach. The square difference of the slope of the dose-response curve (DRS) between sib-pairs with two IL-4R1 identical alleles was smaller than with one or with neither IL-4R1 identical allele (P = 0.004). As for D14S50, the differences of DRS between sib-pairs with two identical alleles and with one identical allele were smaller than with neither identical alleles (P = 0.01). As for D11S97, no significant differences were observed among the groups with identical alleles of two, one or zero. With regard to total serum IgE levels, no significant linkage was found between this phenotype and the above three gene markers. As for skin responses to common aeroallergens, significant evidence was obtained to establish a linkage between this phenotype and the marker IL-4R1 (P = 0.01). However, no significant linkage was found between this phenotype and the markers D11S97 and D14S50. The expression of bronchial responsiveness to methacholine may be influenced by genetic factors in the IL-4 cytokine gene cluster and/or T-cell receptor alpha/delta gene complex, but the genetic influence of the FcepsilonRI-beta gene may be minimal in the expression of bronchial responsiveness in Korean nuclear families.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 02/2001; 31(1):103-9. · 4.79 Impact Factor
  • Clinical and Experimental Allergy - CLIN EXPERIMENT ALLERGY. 01/2001; 31(1):103-109.
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    ABSTRACT: Specific IgE responses to allergens provide useful models for evaluating the genetic factors that control human immune responses. A recent survey demonstrated that the citrus red mite (Panonychus citri, CRM) is the most important allergen in the development of asthma in citrus farmers. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether susceptibility or resistance to CRM-induced asthma was associated with HLA-DRB1 gene. DNAs were extracted from two groups of unrelated Korean adults living around citrus farms: (1) Ninety-one adults with CRM-sensitive asthma; and (2) 98 exposed, healthy nonatopic controls. Genotypes of HLA-DRB1 alleles were carried out using PCR-based methods. Allelic frequency of HLA-DRB1(*)07 was higher in the CRM-sensitive asthmatics compared to the controls (17.6% vs 4.1%, Pc = 0.01). Conversely, the frequency of DRB1*04 was lower in the CRM-sensitive asthmatics compared to the controls (19.8% vs 40.8%, Pc = 0.01). No significant difference was found in the distributions of the other HLA-DRB1 gene-encoded antigens between the two groups. HLA-DRB1 genes may be involved in the development of CRM-induced asthma. In addition, HLA-DR7 may increase, and DR4 decrease, the risk of developing the asthma in CRM-exposed adults.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 12/2000; 30(11):1568-75. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A recent investigation has suggested that Panonychus citri (citrus red mite) is the most common causative allergen in citrus-cultivating farmers with asthma or allergic rhinitis. A cross-sectional survey was performed to evaluate the prevalence of asthma and sensitization to P. citri among children living around citrus orchards. A total of 1,055 children living around citrus orchards were enrolled. There were 544 boys and 511 girls with a mean age of 12.3 (range 7 to 16) years. They were evaluated by the ISAAC questionnaire, and a skin prick test with 13 common aeroallergens including P. citri and Japanese cedar pollen. Children who recorded ever having experienced wheezing on the questionnaire were evaluated by methacholine bronchial provocation test and determined to have asthma if they showed bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine simultaneously. The positive skin test response to one or more inhalant allergens except P. citri was 35.5%, but when including P. citri, the positive response increased to 37.7%. The most common sensitizing allergens in the order of decreasing frequency were Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (26.6%), D. farinae (22.7%), P. citri (14.2%), cockroach (11.3%), and Japanese cedar pollen (9.7%). Among the children without sensitization to house dust mites, the sensitization rate to P. citri was significantly higher in those 13 and over than in those under 12 (5.8% versus 2.5%, P < .05). The prevalence of asthma was not different between the children with sensitization to P. citri and those without it (5.4% versus 4.0%, P > .05), although the prevalence was higher in those with sensitization to D. pteronyssinus or D. farinae than in those without sensitization to these allergens (7.9% versus 2.9%, P < .05; 9.7% versus 2.6%, P < .05). Citrus red mite is a common sensitizing allergen among children living around citrus orchards. The features of sensitization and development of asthma are different between citrus red mite and house dust mites.
    Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology: official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology 10/2000; 85(3):200-4. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A recent investigation has suggested that citrus red mite (Panonychus citri, CRM) is a common sensitizing allergen among children living around citrus farms. A cross-sectional survey was performed to evaluate the bronchial responsiveness to methacholine in CRM-sensitive children without asthmatic symptoms. A total of 375 children living around citrus farms were enrolled in this study. There were 201 boys and 174 girls with a mean age of 12.5 (range 7-16) years. Each subject was evaluated by a questionnaire, a skin prick test with 13 common inhalant allergens including CRM, and a methacholine bronchial provocation test (MBPT). Positive rate of MBPT (PC20-methacholine < 25 mg/mL) was higher in atopic rhinitic and atopic control children than in nonatopic rhinitic and nonatopic control subjects (41.3% and 33.3% vs 17.2% and 15.4%, respectively, both P < 0.05). Slope of dose-response curve (DRS, %/mg/mL) was higher in atopic rhinitic children than in nonatopic rhinitic, atopic control and nonatopic control subjects (14.3 +/- 0.87 vs 9.4 +/- 0.72, 10.0 +/- 1.37 and 9.2 +/- 1.51, P < 0.05, respectively). Both the positive rate of MBPT and the DRS were increased in children with positive skin response to CRM than in those without sensitization (48.2% vs 22.9%, P = 0.0001; 15.6 +/- 1.26 vs 10.2 +/- 0.65, P = 0.0001). Bronchial responsiveness is increased in citrus red mite-sensitive children even if they have no asthmatic symptoms.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 08/2000; 30(8):1129-34. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Citrus red mite (CRM) is known as the most common sensitizing allergen in subjects with asthma and rhinitis working on citrus farms. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of specific IgG1 (slgG1) and specific IgG4 (slgG4) to CRM in citrus farmers. Questionnaire survey and skin prick test including CRM antigen was done by 136 workers. Specific IgE (slgE), slgG1 and slgG4 to CRM were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). CRM-sensitive-asthma was diagnosed upon presence of asthmatic symptoms by questionnaire, airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine and slgE to CRM. CRM-sensitive rhinitis was diagnosed upon presence of rhinitis symptoms and slgE to CRM. Eleven (8.1%) had CRM-sensitive asthma and 25 (18.4%) had CRM-sensitive rhinitis. Significant association was noted between presence of asthmatic symptoms and slgE or slgG4 (p<0.05, respectively), while no significant association was noted in slgG1 (p>0.05). Significant association was noted in the prevalence between slgG4 and slgE (p<0.05), while no significant association was noted between slgG1 and slgG4 or slgE (p<0.05, respectively). There was a significant correlation between slgE and slgG4 level (r=0.39, p<0.05). These findings suggest that the presence of slgG1 to CRM is response to CRM exposure, and further studies will be needed to evaluate the role of slgG4.
    Journal of Korean Medical Science 08/2000; 15(4):407-12. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent investigations have suggested that the citrus red mite (Panonychus citri) is the most important allergen affecting citrus-cultivating farmers with asthma, allergic rhinitis, or both. We sought to evaluate type I hypersensitivity to spider mites, particularly the European red mite (Panonychus ulmi) and the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae), and to determine the relationship between hypersensitivity to spider mites and respiratory dysfunction. We performed a cross-sectional survey. Questionnaires were given, and skin prick tests for 11 inhalant allergens common in Korea and 2 species of spider mites (European red mite and two-spotted spider mite) were performed in 725 apple-cultivating farmers in Korea. Results of skin prick tests in the apple farmers indicated that European red mite (23.2%) was the most common sensitizing allergen, followed by Tyrophagus putrescentiae (21.2%), two-spotted spider mite (16.6%), Dermatophagoides farinae (16.3%), D pteronyssinus (14.4%), cockroach (13.1%), and Hop Japanese (Humulus Japonicus) pollen (12.0%). Positive skin responses (mean wheal size >/=3 mm) to one or more of 13 inhalant allergens were found in 48.2% of farmers tested, whereas 40 subjects (8.6%) had an isolated skin response to the spider mites. Among 119 farmers with work-related asthmatic symptoms, the positive skin response rates to European red mite and two-spotted spider mite were 40.4% and 27.0%, respectively. These figures were significantly higher than those found among farmers without work-related symptoms (19.1% and 14.1%, respectively; P <.01). The prevalence of work-related asthma symptoms was higher in farmers with positive skin responses to spider mites than in those with negative skin responses to spider mites and those with positive skin responses to any allergen tested (31.4% vs 15.0% vs 21.0%, respectively; P <.05). Spider mites, particularly European red mite and 2-spotted spider mite, are common sensitizing allergens in apple-cultivating farmers. These spider mites may be important causative allergens in the development of work-related respiratory symptoms in these workers.
    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 01/2000; 104(6):1285-92. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of specific IgG to toluene diisocyanate (TDI) in the pathogenesis of TDI-induced asthma still remains unclear. We sought to evaluate the clinical significance of serum-specific IgG to TDI-human serum albumin (HSA) conjugate in subjects with TDI-induced asthma compared with specific IgE antibody. One hundred three subjects were enrolled and divided into 4 groups according to specific bronchoprovocation test (BPT) results: 50 subjects with TDI-induced asthma with positive results on TDI BPT were defined as group 1, 13 symptomatic workers exposed to TDI with negative results on TDI BPT were defined as group 2, 20 unexposed patients with allergic asthma were defined as group 3, and 20 unexposed healthy control subjects were defined as group 4. Serum-specific IgG and IgE antibodies to TDI-HSA conjugate were detected by means of ELISA. The prevalence of specific IgG antibody to TDI-HSA conjugate was significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2 (46% vs 7.7%, P =.01) or group 3 (0%, P <.01). No significant difference was noted between group 2 and group 3 (P >. 05). However, the prevalence of specific IgE antibody to TDI-HSA conjugate was not significantly different between group 1 and group 2 (14% vs 7.7%, P >.05) or group 2 and group 3 (7.7% vs 0%, P >.05). There was no significant difference in prevalence of specific IgE or specific IgG according to the type of asthmatic response during the TDI BPT (P >.05). Overall, statistically significant association was noted between the prevalence of specific IgE and IgG antibodies in 103 subjects (P <.05), but no difference was noted within group 1 subjects only (P >.05). These findings demonstrate that the presence of serum-specific IgG is closely related to TDI BPT results, and it may contribute to the development of TDI-induced asthma.
    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 11/1999; 104(4 Pt 1):847-51. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The genetics of the regulation of the release of mediators involving the interaction of IgE with cells and their ability to release mediators have not been extensively investigated. With use of the candidate gene approach, it was reported that the gene regulating the beta chain of the high-affinity receptor for IgE is on chromosome 11q13. To determine whether gene(s) in chromosome 11q13 may control the expression of maximal histamine release from basophil to anti-IgE stimuli, linkage analysis between this phenotype and the gene marker of chromosome 11q13 was performed. Maximal histamine release to anti-IgE and calcium ionophore A23187 and genotyping chromosome 11q13 with use of microsatellite marker (D11S97) were performed in 56 probands with asthma and 59 of their siblings. The linkage was analyzed by affected sib-pair analysis and the quantitative trait locus approach. Maximal histamine release (mean +/- SE) to anti-IgE and A23187 was 43.3% +/- 3.5% and 30.9 +/- 3.4% in probands and 29.5% +/- 2.6% and 22.2% +/- 2.7 in siblings, respectively. Of 20 sib-pairs with the maximal histamine release to anti-IgE more than 33% (mean plus 1 SD of nonasthmatic controls), 11 (55%) shared 2 D11S97 alleles, 9 (45%) shared 1 allele, and neither sib-pair shared identical alleles, which indicates a significant linkage of maximal histamine to anti-IgE and gene marker of chromosome 11q13 (P =.02). The difference (mean +/- SE) of the maximal histamine release to anti-IgE between each proband and sibling was smaller in sib-pairs with 2 identical alleles than in those with 1 identical allele and with no identical allele (14.1% +/- 2.6% vs 25.8% +/- 3.1% vs 41.0% +/- 4.9%). However, the difference (mean +/- SE) to A23187 between each proband and sibling was not different among the 3 groups (9.7% +/- 1.8% vs 17.9% +/- 3.6% vs 10.4% +/- 4.8%). Maximal histamine release from basophils to anti-IgE stimuli was linked to the gene marker of chromosome 11q13.
    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 10/1999; 104(3 Pt 1):618-22. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate type I hypersensitivity to citrus red mite (Panonychus citri), its prevalence, and relationship to respiratory dysfunction, a cross-sectional survey was performed among citrus farmers on Cheju Island, Korea. Questionnaires, and skin prick test responses to 11 common inhalant allergens and citrus red mite were performed in 181 citrus farmers, and serum-specific IgE antibodies to citrus red mite were measured by ELISA in sera of 123 subjects. To determine airway hyperresponsiveness, methacholine bronchial provocation tests were performed in 55 subjects who complained of recurrent lower respiratory symptoms. The prevalence of asthma-based on presence of asthmatic symptoms on the questionnaire and airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine, and allergic rhinitis based on presence of nasal symptoms on the questionnaire and positive skin-test response were 12.1% and 19.3%, respectively. The positive rate of skin responses to one or more of 11 common inhalant allergens excluding citrus red mite was 17.1%, and if citrus red mite was included, 25.9% of farmers had positive responses. On skin prick tests, citrus red mite (16.5%) was the most common sensitizing allergen, followed by cockroach (11.0%), Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (9.9%), and D. farinae (9.3%). Among farmers with asthma and allergic rhinitis, the positive skin responses to citrus red mite were noted in 54.5 and 68.5%, respectively. Serum-specific IgE antibodies to citrus red mite were detected in 45 farmers (36. 5%) of the 123 tested, and there was significant correlation between specific IgE level and weal (A/H ratio) to citrus red mite (r = 0.57, P < 0.001). The prevalence of asthma was higher in subjects with positive skin responses or high serum-specific IgE antibodies to citrus red mite than in those without skin response or serum specific IgE (P < 0.05, respectively). Citrus red mite is the most important allergen in citrus farmers with asthma and rhinitis in which causative allergen has not been identified. It should be included in the skin test battery for screening the causative allergen in farmers exposed to citrus red mite.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 09/1999; 29(8):1102-9. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Family studies suggest that asthma has an increased familial occurrence, but the hypothesis of a genetic predisposition to IgE response and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) on the expression of nonatopic asthma is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate familial predisposition to IgE response and BHR on expression of nonatopic asthma. One hundred four parents of nonatopic asthmatic children, 154 parents of atopic asthmatic children, 78 parents of atopic nonasthmatic control children, and 80 parents of nonatopic control children provided questionnaire data and underwent allergy skin prick tests with 10 inhalant allergens and methacholine bronchial provocation tests. Total serum IgE levels were determined in 352 parents (134 with atopic asthmatic children, 87 with nonatopic asthmatic children, 65 with atopic control children, and 66 with nonatopic control children). Prevalence of asthma, based on questionnaire data and on BHR to methacholine, was higher among parents of nonatopic asthmatic children (10.6%) and atopic asthmatic children (9.1%) than among those of nonatopic control children (1.3%). BHR to methacholine was higher among parents of nonatopic asthmatic children (19.2%) and atopic asthmatic children (16.2%) than among those of atopic and nonatopic control children (5.1% and 1.3%, respectively). The percentage of positive skin test responses to 10 inhalant allergens was higher among parents of atopic asthmatic children (43.9%), nonatopic asthmatic children (39.4%), and atopic control children (38.5%) than among those of nonatopic control children (23.7%). Geometric means (IU/mL +/- SEM) of total serum IgE were higher among parents of atopic and nonatopic control children than among those of nonatopic control children (2.11 +/- 0.05 vs 2. 20 +/- 0.06 vs 2.09 +/- 0.07 vs 1.92 +/- 0.06). Nonatopic asthma runs in families. The prevalence of positive skin test responses to inhalant allergens, BHR to methacholine, and total serum IgE levels is higher among the parents of nonatopic and atopic asthmatic children than among those of nonatopic control children.
    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 09/1999; 104(2 Pt 1):311-6. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the mediator releasability between atopic and nonatopic asthmatics, we measured basophil histamine releasability (BaHR) using a calcium-ionophore A23187 and anti-IgE in 137 subjects who were treated at Seoul National University Hospital. Subjects were categorized into atopic (group AA, n=77) or nonatopic asthmatics (group NA, n=32), or normal controls (group NC, n=28). Serum total IgE levels were determined and correlation with BaHR was assessed. Anti-IgE-induced maximal BaHR in groups AA, NA, and NC was 41.0+/-3.2, 23.1+/-4.5, and 16.8+/-3.8, respectively (mean+/-SE, %). Anti-IgE-induced BaHR in group AA was significantly higher than that in groups NA and NC (p<0.05). Calcium ionophore A23187-induced maximal BaHR was 43.1+/-2.8, 40.8+/-4.4, and 50.5+/-5.2, respectively (mean+/-SE, %), and there was no significant difference among the groups. Serum total IgE level correlated significantly with anti-IgE-induced maximal BaHR (r=0.281, p<0.01) but not with that induced by calcium ionophore A23187. In conclusion, IgE receptor-related BaHR is higher in atopic asthmatics than in nonatopic asthmatics, and this increased BaHR in atopics is significantly associated with increased serum total IgE level.
    Journal of Korean Medical Science 04/1999; 14(2):153-8. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There have been several reports of occupational allergy to spider mites (Tetranychidae), but no published report has described citrus red mite (CRM, Panonychus citri)-induced occupational asthma confirmed by specific bronchial challenge. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and immunologic characteristics of CRM-induced occupational asthma. We encountered 16 cases of CRM-induced occupational asthma among farmers cultivating citrus fruits. Asthmatic attacks corresponded closely with their work on citrus farms. The mean duration of the latent period was 12.9 (range 7 to 20) years. During their first visit to our clinic, nine patients with FEV1 lower than 70% of predictive value showed reversible airway obstruction after inhalation of bronchodilator, and seven with FEV1 greater than 70% of predictive value showed airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine. Fifteen of the 16 also complained of recurrent nasal symptoms, which had developed at an earlier time than the asthmatic symptoms. They showed strong positive reactions to CRM extract on skin prick test (A/H ratio > or = 1.0) and had high serum specific IgE antibody against CRM which was detected by ELISA. Skin prick test with common inhalant allergens revealed that 10 had an isolated positive response to CRM with negative results to common inhalant allergens in their environment. The ELISA inhibition tests with CRM demonstrated significant inhibitions by CRM in a dose-dependent manner, while minimal inhibitions were noted by D. pteronyssinus and mugwort allergens. These findings suggest that CRM could induce IgE-mediated bronchoconstriction in exposed workers on citrus farm.
    Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology: official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology 02/1999; 82(2):223-8. · 3.45 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

245 Citations
97.03 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2001
    • Ajou University
      • Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Seoul National University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea