Publications (3)5.48 Total impact
Article: High stability of immobilized β-d-galactosidase for lactose hydrolysis and galactooligosaccharides synthesis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: β-d-Galactosidase from Kluyveromyces lactis was immobilized on glutaraldehyde-activated chitosan and used in a packed-bed reactor for the continuous hydrolysis of lactose and the synthesis of galactooligosaccharides (GOS). The biocatalyst was tested for its optima pH and temperature, thermal stability in the presence of substrate and products, and operational stability. Immobilization increased the range of operational pH and temperature, and the enzyme thermal stability was sharply increased in the presence of lactose. Almost complete lactose hydrolysis was achieved for both milk whey and lactose solution at 37°C at flow rates up to 2.6mLmin(-1). Maximal GOS concentration of 26gL(-1) was obtained at a flow rate of 3.1mLmin(-1), with a productivity of 186gL(-1)h(-1). Steady-state operation for 15 days showed the reactor stability concerning lactose hydrolysis.Carbohydrate polymers. 06/2013; 95(1):465-70.
Article: High operational stability of invertase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae immobilized on chitosan nanoparticles.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Invertase (E.C.188.8.131.52) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was covalently immobilized on chitosan nanoparticles prepared by the ionotropic gelation method and activated with glutaraldehyde. The support was characterized and it was studied its load capacity, the influence of the presence of substrate during immobilization, and determined the biocatalyst kinetic parameters and stabilities. The light scattering analysis (LSA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques indicated a mixture of chitosan nano and aggregated nanoparticles, providing high superficial area for enzyme immobilization. The thermal and storage stabilities, the optimal pH and temperature of the enzyme were not altered. K(m) increased 3-fold, while V(max) remained unaltered. The immobilized biocatalyst was reused for 59 batches with maximal invertase activity, the highest operational stability so far described in the literature. These results fulfill some important aspects for the enzyme immobilization: the simplicity of the protocols, the conservation of the enzyme activity, and the high operational stability.Carbohydrate polymers. 01/2013; 92(1):462-8.
Article: Effect of the support size on the properties of β-galactosidase immobilized on chitosan: advantages and disadvantages of macro and nanoparticles.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effect of the support size on the properties of enzyme immobilization was investigated by using chitosan macroparticles and nanoparticles. They were prepared by precipitation and ionotropic gelation, respectively, and were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light scattering analysis (LSA), and N(2) adsorption-desorption isotherms. β-Galactosidase was used as a model enzyme. It was found that the different sizes and porosities of the particles modify the enzymatic load, activity, and thermal stability of the immobilized biocatalysts. The highest activity was shown by the enzyme immobilized on nanoparticles when 204.2 mg protein·(g dry support)(-1) were attached. On the other hand, the same biocatalysts presented lower thermal stability than macroparticles. β-Galactosidase immobilized on chitosan macro and nanoparticles exhibited excellent operational stability at 37 °C, because it was still able to hydrolyze 83.2 and 75.93% of lactose, respectively, after 50 cycles of reuse.Biomacromolecules 06/2012; 13(8):2456-64. · 5.48 Impact Factor