ABSTRACT: Specific inhibition of enzymes of the non-mevalonate pathway is a promising strategy for the development of novel antiplasmodial drugs. α-Aryl-substituted β-oxa isosteres of fosmidomycin with a reverse orientation of the hydroxamic acid group were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against recombinant 1-deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase (IspC) of Plasmodium falciparum and for their in vitro antiplasmodial activity against chloroquine-sensitive and resistant strains of P. falciparum . The most active derivative inhibits IspC protein of P. falciparum (PfIspC) with an IC(50) value of 12 nM and shows potent in vitro antiplasmodial activity. In addition, lipophilic ester prodrugs demonstrated improved P. falciparum growth inhibition in vitro.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 06/2012; 55(14):6566-75. · 4.80 Impact Factor