T Yanagisawa

Utsunomiya University, Totigi, Tochigi, Japan

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Publications (9)17.43 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The gastrolith of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii contains a small amount of an organic matrix that is mainly chitin and proteins, together with a large amount of calcium carbonate. As the first step to understand the mechanism of calcification, we tried to characterize matrix proteins in the gastrolith. An insoluble matrix protein, referred to as gastrolith matrix protein, was made soluble with 1% SDS containing 10 mM dithiothreitol, and was purified by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The protein had a molecular weight of about 50,500 and a blocked amino terminus. By enzymatic digestion and microsequencing, five partial amino acid sequences with a total of 225 amino acid residues were identified and found to include a repetitive sequence not reported previously.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 02/1998; 62(2):291-6. · 1.27 Impact Factor
  • S Hiraoka, M Iwata, T Yanagisawa, H Nagasawa, A Urano
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    ABSTRACT: We isolated a cDNA encoding ribosomal protein S2 in sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka, using a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. The cDNA encoding ribosomal protein S2 is composed of 933 nucleotides, and has a 5'-noncoding sequence of 9 bases, a 885 base open reading frame coding for a 294 amino acid polypeptide, and a 39 base 3'noncoding sequence. The amino acid sequence of sockeye salmon S2 protein deduced from the nucleotide sequence is highly homologous to those from the rat (86.1%) and Drosophila melanogaster (73.6%). The N-terminal region of S2 protein is rich in arginine-glycine sites, including eight tandem repeats, and has two consecutive copies of the RGGF motif. The sequences are considered to be requisites for nucleolar localization and binding to RNA for nucleolar proteins. Southern blot analysis indicates that there may be only a single copy of the S2 gene, which is a multiple copy gene in the rat and the fruit fly. Northern blot analysis shows that the S2 gene is expressed in the brain, pituitary, heart, liver kidney, muscle, testis and ovary of sockeye salmon.
    Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 10/1997; 118(1):189-95. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • Comparative biochemistry and physiology. B, Comparative biochemistry 01/1997; 118(1). · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • A Ohide, H Ando, T Yanagisawa, A Urano
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    ABSTRACT: Two types of cDNAs encoding thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) precursors (TRH-A and TRH-B) were amplified from hypothalamic mRNA of sockeye salmon by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The amplification was achieved using two primers which correspond to TRH progenitor sequence (Lys/Arg-Arg-Gln-His-Pro-Gly-Lys/Arg-Arg). A full length cDNA encoding TRH-A was obtained by 5'- and 3'-RACE methods. It has a length of 1324 base pairs (bp) that contains sequences of 5' and 3' untranslated regions and an open reading frame of 259 codons. The sockeye salmon TRH-A deduced from the nucleotide sequence tandemly contains 8 copies of TRH progenitor sequences. Another cDNA which encodes a part of TRH-B consists of 242 bp, and the sequence homology between TRH-A and -B cDNAs is 90%. The result of Southern blot analysis of sockeye and masu salmon genomic DNAs supported the evidence that there are at least two TRH genes in the salmonid. A RT-PCR analysis of TRH gene expression in various tissues of sockeye salmon showed that strong expression was observed only in the brain. The primary structure of the sockeye salmon TRH-A shares low similarity to those of human, rat and Xenopus TRH precursors (35, 27 and 44%, respectively). However, their hydropathy profiles were almost the same with each other. The profile of sockeye salmon TRH-A showed the presence of two discrete hydrophobic regions, one in the N-terminal region which corresponds to the signal peptide and the other in the C-terminal region. All of the repetitive TRH progenitor sequences are included in three hydrophilic regions easily recognizable. The present results thus suggest that the three-dimensional structures of TRH precursors are highly conserved, although the primary structures of TRH precursors have diverged through the evolutionary pathway of vertebrates.
    Journal of Neuroendocrinology 10/1996; 8(9):695-701. · 3.33 Impact Factor
  • K Ishii, T Yanagisawa, H Nagasawa
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    ABSTRACT: As a first step in understanding the calcification mechanism, a matrix protein in the gastrolith of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii was purified and sequenced. The protein was insoluble in acid, but after trypsin digestion, it dissolved in 6 M urea. The trypsin-digested protein dissolved in urea solution was purified by reversed-phase HPLC and designated gastrolith matrix protein fragment. The fragment had a molecular weight of 9658 and a blocked amino terminus. It had tandemly repeated units not reported before at the central part of the sequence, with each unit being Gly-Ser-X1-X2-Phe as the most typical sequence. This peptide was found associated with chitin, a main component of the organic matrix.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 10/1996; 60(9):1479-82. · 1.27 Impact Factor
  • Akira Ohide, Hironori Ando, Tadashi Yanagisawa, Akihisa Urano
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    ABSTRACT: Two types of cDNAs encoding thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) precursors (TRH-A andTRH-B) were amplified from hypothalamic mRNA of sockeye salmon by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The amplification was achieved using two primers which correspond to TRH progenitor sequence (Lys/Arg-Arg-Gln-His-Pro-Gly-Lys/Ag-Arg). A full length cDNA encoding TRH-A was obtained by 5′- and 3′-RACE methods. It has a length of 1324 base pairs (bp) that contains sequences of 5′ and 3′ untranslated regions and an open reading frame of 259 codons. The sockeye salmon TRH-A deduced from the nucleotide sequence tandemly contains 8 copies of TRH progenitor sequences. Another cDNA which encodes a part of TRH-B consists of 242 bp, and the sequence homology between TRH-A and -B cDNAs is 90%. The result of Southern blot analysis of sockeye and masu salmon genomic DNAs supported the evidence that there are at least two TRH genes in the salmonid. A RT-PCR analysis of TRH gene expression in various tissues of sockeye salmon showed that strong expression was observed only in the brain. The primary structure of the sockeye salmon TRH-A shares low similarity to those of human, rat and Xenopus TRH precursors (35, 27 and 44%, respectively). However, their hydropathy profiles were almost the same with each other. The profile of sockeye salmon TRH-A showed the presence of two discrete hydrophobic regions, one in the N-terminal region which corresponds to the signal peptide and the other in the C-terminal region. All of the repetitive TRH progenitor sequences are included in three hydrophilic regions easily recognizable. The present results thus suggest that the three-dimensional structures of TRH precursors are highly conserved, although the primary structures of TRH precursors have diverged through the evolutionary pathway of vertebrates.
    Journal of Neuroendocrinology 08/1996; 8(9):695 - 701. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During the course of purifying the androgenic gland hormone of the terrestrial isopod, Armadillidium vulgare, that induces post-embryonic sex differentiation, four structurally related peptides were obtained and their structures determined by a combination of microsequence and mass spectral analyses. These peptides were found to exist speciffically in the seminal vesicle and vas deferens by a Western blot analysis, therefore being designated as seminal vesicle-specific peptides (SVSPs). They had essentially the same amino acid sequences but differed from one another in the truncation of several residues at the N-terminus and of one residue at the C-terminus, and in the modification of glutamine to pyroglutamate at the N-terminus. The longest peptides, SVSP-4, consisted of 60 amino acid residues with two intramolecular disulfide bridges. There is no significant homology with any other vertebrate or invertebrate peptides.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 08/1995; 59(7):1246-50. · 1.27 Impact Factor
  • Proceedings of the Japan Society for Comparative Endocrinology. 01/1995; 10:78.
  • S Hiraoka, M Suzuki, T Yanagisawa, M Iwata, A Urano
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    ABSTRACT: Salmonid fish have pairs of genes for various hypothalamic and pituitary hormones including neurohypophysial hormones, vasotocin, and isotocin, probably because they are tetraploid. The problem here is whether two genes for the same hormone are expressed equally or differently. We therefore examined expression patterns of vasotocin and isotocin genes in four salmonid species using Northern blot analysis with chum salmon cDNAs as hybridization probes. The presence of two vasotocin and also two isotocin genes was confirmed by Southern blot analysis in rainbow trout and sockeye salmon which were not examined previously. Prior to Northern blot analysis, isotocin-I cDNA of sockeye salmon was determined and compared to those of chum salmon and masu salmon, since molecular probes are so specific that cross-species hybridization often leads misinterpretation in a quantitative study. The nucleotide sequence of sockeye salmon isotocin-I cDNA showed sufficiently high homology (> 96.0%) to those of chum salmon and masu salmon for cross-species hybridization among salmonids. Northern blot analysis showed that both isotocin-I and isotocin-II genes were well expressed in all species examined. Expression of isotocin-I gene tended to be relatively higher than that of isotocin-II gene in all species. However, expression pattern of vasotocin-I and vasotocin-II genes did not coincide among species. Expression of vasotocin-II genes was very weak or scarce in masu salmon and rainbow trout, while that in sockeye salmon was stronger than vasotocin-I gene expression. The present result may reflect complicated molecular evolution of salmonid vasotocin genes probably both in regulatory and coding regions.
    General and Comparative Endocrinology 12/1993; 92(2):292-301. · 2.82 Impact Factor