[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our aim was to evaluate whether there was a relationship between mean platelet volume and myocardial perfusion defect in diabetic patients using myocardial perfusion imaging.
Cardiovascular journal of Africa 05/2014; 25(3):110-113. · 0.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: Our aim was to determine whether there is a relationship between admission gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and subsequent heart failure hospitalizations in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Study design: We selected 123 patients with newly diagnosed acute coronary syndrome of ejection fraction (EF) <45%. Patients were followed 15±10 months, and the relationship between admission GGT level and hospitalization because of heart failure during the follow-up was examined. Results: Twenty-three (18.7%) patients were hospitalized during the follow-up of 15±10 months. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the cut-off point of admission GGT related to predict hospitalization was 49 IU/L, with a sensitivity of 81.7% and specificity of 65.2%. Increased GGT >49 IU/L on admission, presence of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), right ventricular dysfunction, moderate-to-severe mitral regurgitation, alanine aminotransferase level, and antiplatelet agent usage were found to have prognostic significance in univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. In multivariate Cox proportional-hazards model, increased GGT >49 IU/L on admission (hazard ratio [HR] 2.663, p=0.047), presence of hypertension (HR 4.107, p=0.007), and LVEF (HR 0.911, p=0.002) were found to be independent factors to predict new-onset heart failure requiring hospitalization. Conclusion: Hospitalization in heart failure was associated with increased admission GGT levels. Increased admission GGT level in acute coronary syndrome with heart failure should be monitored closely and treated aggressively.
Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi arsivi: Turk Kardiyoloji Derneginin yayin organidir 04/2014; 42(3):236-44.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Giant cell arteritis is a granulomatous vasculitis characterized by medium or large sized vessel involvement. Although extracranial branches of the carotid artery are typically involved, involvement of aorta and its major branches can also be seen. Cardiac involvement has been encountered less frequently and pericardial effusion is rarely encountered. In this paper, a case has been presented in which pericardial effusion was determined during the examination and diagnosis was giant cell arteritis.
Case reports in rheumatology. 01/2014; 2014:424295.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: A relationship between atrial conduction time and hypertension was shown in previous studies. Increased atrial electromechanical intervals used to predict atrial fibrillation by measured tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). So we aimed to search if there was any association between the non-dipping status and atrial electromechanical intervals in pre-hypertensive patients. Methods: Forty-one non-dipper and 33 dipper pre-hypertensive subjects enrolled in the study. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured with a mercury sphygmomanometer. Twenty-four hours blood pressure was measured with cuff-oscillometric method. All patients were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography. Using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), atrial electromechanical coupling (PA) was measured from the lateral mitral annulus (PA lateral), septal mitral annulus (PA septum) and right ventricular tricuspid annulus (PA tricuspid). Results: Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly higher in subjects with non-dipper phenomenon than dipper ones at night. Twenty-four hours average systolic and diastolic blood pressures were higher in non-dipper pre-hypertensive subjects, but this elevation was not significant. Left and right intraatrial (PA lateral-PA septum and PA septum-PA tricuspid) and interatrial (PA lateral-PA tricuspid) electromechanical coupling intervals were measured significantly higher in non-dipper pre-hypertensive patients (31.3 ± 3.9 versus 24.1 ± 2.3, p = 0.001; 19.5 ± 4.3 versus 13.8 ± 2.1, p = 0.001; and 11.4 ± 2.8 versus 8.8 ± 1.5, p = 0.001). Also, interatrial electromechanical delay was negatively correlated with dipping levels. Conclusion: This study showed that prolonged atrial electromechanical intervals were related non-dipper pattern in pre-hypertensive patients. Prolonged electromechanical intervals may be an early sign of subclinical atrial dysfunction and arrhythmias' in non-dipper pre-hypertensive patients.
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 10/2013; · 1.46 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: Studies conducted so far on the effect of hyperthyroidism on oxidative stress (OS) have employed blood and urine samples. Exhaled Breath Condensate (EBC) is a non-invasive technique used to take sample from lungs to determine many biological indications. The aim of the present study was determine the possibility of using 8-isoprostane levels in EBC as an indicator of OS in hyperthyroid patients. Methods: The present study was performed on 42 patients with hyperthyroidism and 42 healthy control subjects. Hyperthyroid patients included patients with newly diagnosed Graves' disease, toxic multinodular goiter and toxic adenoma. Exhaled breath condensates were collected from patients in each group using a condensing device. 8-isoprostane levels as an indicator of OS in EBC were detected via immunoassay method. Results: Hyperthyroid patients and control groups had 8-isoprostane levels of 6.08±6.31 and 1.56±0.88 pg/ml, respectively. The difference between patient and control groups was statistically significant (p<0.001). Of the hyperthyroid patients, eleven had Graves', 21 multinodular goiter, and 10 toxic adenoma diagnosis. There were no significant differences among patients of different diagnoses for 8-isoprostane levels (p=0.541). No significant correlations were found between 8-isoprostane and free thyroxine (fT4) or thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels. Conclusion: In the present study, 8-isoprostane levels in EBC of hyperthyroid patients were found to be significantly higher than that in healthy control group. This study is important in that it is the first to evaluate the effects on respiratory system of elevated OS of hyperthyroidism in EBC.
Endocrine, metabolic & immune disorders drug targets. 10/2013;
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the production of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) that promote vascular thrombosis and pregnancy loss. APS can occur in the absence of underlying or associated disease (primary APS) or in combination with other diseases (secondary APS). Mean platelet volume (MPV) is largely regarded as a useful surrogate marker of platelet activation. We aimed to investigate if there is a relationship between MPV and thrombotic events in APS. The study consisted of 22 patients and 22 healthy controls. Group 1 is defined as all the patients in the first day of thrombotic event. Group 2 is defined as the same patient population three months after the thrombotic event. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, platelet count, and MPV levels were retrospectively recorded from patient files. Statistical analyses showed that MPV was significantly higher in group 1 than group 2 (p < 0.0001) and healthy controls (p < 0.05). However, there was no difference between group 2 and healthy controls (p = 0.888). WBC, hemoglobin and other platelet indices such as platelet distribution width and platecrit did not differ in groups. In conclusion, MPV was increased at initial thrombotic event of APS, and then it was normalized three months later by therapeutic interventions. To our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating a correlation between MPV and thrombotic events in APS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Central corneal thickness and dry eye tests were evaluated in a study population consisting of 68 ankylosing spondylitis patients diagnosed according to the modified New York criteria, and 61 age-matched controls without ankylosing spondylitis. A full ophthalmological evaluation was performed on each subject. All subjects were screened for age, gender, HLA-B27, tear break-up time test, Schirmer test, and duration of disease. Central corneal thickness was measured under topical anesthesia with an ultrasonic pachymeter. The mean central corneal thickness was 537.3 ± 30.6 μm, range 462-600 μm, in ankylosing spondylitis patients, whereas it was 551.7 ± 25.2 μm, range 510-620 μm, in controls (p = 0.005). The Schirmer test result was 7.3 ± 5.9 mm for the ankylosing spondylitis patients and 11.7 ± 5.8 mm for the control group (p = 0.002). Tear break-up time was 7.3 ± 3.2 s for the ankylosing spondylitis patients and 14.0 ± 4.5 s for the control group (p < 0.001). The possibility of a thinner cornea should be taken into consideration in ankylosing spondylitis. In addition, attention must be given to lower dry eye tests in surgical interventions such as photorefractive keratectomy and laser in situ keratomileusis in ankylosing spondylitis patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Familial Mediterranean fever is an auto-inflammatory disorder. Long term complications of the disease include decreased quality of life. The measurement of quality of life in the patients with chronic disease has become an important research topic during the last years.
We aimed to evaluate life quality of the FMF patients by SF-36, and examine its relationship with the disease parameters.
One hundred voluntary patients (69 female, 31 male) admitted to the rheumatology clinic were included in the study. The control group consisted of 100 healthy individuals. All subjects in the study were asked to complete SF-36 questionnaire. Age of onset of FMF, age at diagnosis, age at the beginning of colchicine therapy, number of attacks per month, family history of FMF and dialysis were inquired of patients with FMF. Disease severity was determined using the FMF severity score.
The mean age of the patient group was 31±12 and that of the control group was 29±9. Sixty-nine patients (69%) were female, and 31 patients were male (31%) in both groups. The mean scores of the physical function, physical role function, emotional role function, mental health, and general health parameters of the patients were statistically significantly lower than those of healthy volunteers (p < 0.05). The difference in social function and vitality between two groups was found to be insignificant (p > 0.05).
We have shown that FMF had a negative impact on SF-36. FMF reduces quality of life both in physical and mental dimensions.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 04/2013; 17(7):958-63. · 0.99 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim Oral anticoagulants are the most common used substance for treatment and prophylaxis of warfarin venous and arterial thromboembolic disorders in the world. Therapeutic index of warfarin is narrow. CYP2C9 is a hepatic microsomal enzyme and has a primary role in metabolism of warfarin and genetic variations of CYP2C9 may cause a serious effect on the response to warfarin in patients. The aim of this study was to determine the eficiency of CYP2C9 gene polymorphisms on drug metabolism in patients who had upper gastrointestinal system bleeding while using warfarin. Methods There was a total of 67 patients in this study, 37 of whom had upper gastrointestinal system bleeding when INR was above 3 while using warfarin (group 1), 30 of whom had no bleeding and INR was stable under 3 (group 2). Results There was no difference in terms of warfarin dose used among the groups (p>0.05). Mutant genotype, INR and aspirin usage were found signiicantly different in the group with bleeding (p less 0.05). When analyzed in terms of drug interaction, there was no difference between the two groups (p>0.05). Logistic regression analysis was made in order to determine the risk factors that may cause bleeding. Aspirin usage (p= 0.016) and genetic polymorphism (p= 0.024) were related to the increased risk of bleeding. Conclusion CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 polymorphisms were related to the increase of excessive anticoagulation and bleeding risk in the patients who used warfarin.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study examined the heart rate turbulence (HRT) and heart rate variability (HRV) parameters in healthy young smokers (<40 years) to assess the effects of smoking on cardiac autonomic function. The study included 75 smokers with a history of habitual smoking for at least 1 year (41 males and 34 females; mean age, 29.3 ± 7.3 years) and 30 nonsmokers (hospital staff; 16 males and 14 females; mean age, 29.0 ± 6.1 years). Addiction to smoking was evaluated using the modified Fagerström test for nicotine-dependence index (NDI). HRT, HRV, basic clinical and echocardiographic, and Holter test parameters were compared between groups. No significant differences between the two groups were found in the basic clinical and echocardiographic variables. Turbulence onset (TO) was significantly higher in the smoking group than in the controls, and turbulence slope was significantly lower in the smokers, than in the controls (p < 0.05). Standard deviation of all normal-to-normal (NN) interval index (SDNNI) was the only HRV parameter that was significantly different between the smoking and control groups (p < 0.05). The NDI was positively correlated with the TO (p < 0.05). Smoking impairs the baroregulatory function in healthy young smokers, particularly the HRT parameters and SDNNI. Our findings highlight the importance of complete smoking cessation.
Toxicology and Industrial Health 12/2012; · 1.71 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) prevalence shows some differences at various regions of the world in terms of race and ethnicity. The cardiac autonomic functions between Turkish and Japanese MetS patients with heart rate turbulence (HRT) and heart rate variability (HRV) were compared as the aim of this study. METHODS: This study consists of 149 nondiabetic subjects with MetS. All patients were further classified into subgroups based on ethnicity (76 from Turkey, 73 from Japan). Twenty-four-hour ambulatory Holter ECG recording was applied to all subjects whose HRV and HRT (total onset (TO), total slope (TS)) parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: The waist circumference was the only demographic parameter that was significantly different between the Turkish and Japanese patients with MetS (99.31 ± 6.12 vs 91.12 ± 6.89 for men and 91.48 ± 7.45 vs 86.26 ± 5.78 for woman; p < 0.001 and <0.001). There was a significant difference between Turkish and Japanese patients with MetS in terms of the HRT values. (TO Turkish, 0.77 ± 0.19 %; TO Japanese, 0.49 ± 1.03 %, p = 0.031; TS Turkish, 1.93 ± 1.26; TS Japanese, 2.44 ± 1.37, p = 0.041, respectively). As for HRV parameters, standard deviation of all NN intervals index was only different between Turkish and Japanese patients with MetS (90.79 ± 58.94, 128.18 ± 105.30; p = 0.034, respectively). CONCLUSION: HRT and some HRV scores of ethnic Turkish MetS patients are worse than the scores of ethnic Japan MetS patients. We think that these differences are related to the central obesity.
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 10/2012; · 1.39 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disease which is characterized by recurrent attacks of fever and peritonitis, pleuritis, arthritis, or erysipelas-like skin disease. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a sign of platelet activation. There are limited studies in the literature about MPV levels in FMF patients. We aimed to investigate MPV levels during the attack period (group 1) and attack-free periods (group 2) in FMF patients, and to compare them with healthy controls (group 3). The study consisted of the data of: 60 group 1 patients, 120 group 2 patients, and 75 group 3 patients. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, platelet count, and MPV levels were retrospectively recorded from patient files. Statistical analyses showed that MPV was significantly lower in FMF patients both in group 1 and group 2 than in group 3 (p = 0.004, p = 0.002, respectively); however, there was no difference among group 1 and group 2 in patients with FMF (p = 0.279). The mean platelet count of group 1 was higher than that of group 3 (p = 0.010). In conclusion, this study results suggested that MPV level did not increase on the contrary, it decreased in patients with FMF both in group 1 and/or group 2 when compared to group 3. It was concluded that the lower MPV level was an expected result of secondary thrombocytosis in FMF patients.