ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: EPCs were isolated primarily in 1997 by Asahara et al and recent studies indicate that bone-marrow-derived EPCs contribute little to the endothelium of tumor vessels. Tumors of the CNS system demonstrate various features of angiogenesis. METHODS: EPCs derived from rat bone marrow were isolated and cultured in M199 medium without any induced factors. EPCs derived from rat bone marrow were studied using immunohistochemical staining, Flow cytometry and culture under three-dimensional condition to determine EPCs' characteristics in vitro. We also established an animal model by injecting EPCs marked with Hoechst 33342 into the back of BALB/c nude mouse and performed hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and immunofluorescent staining to study EPCs' features in vivo. To research effect of EPCs on glioma, animals bearing tumors model with C6 glioma were established. About 27day after injected, we performed immunohistochemical staining and Immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Our results showed that EPCs derived from rat bone marrow appeared typical morphological characteristics and were positive of CD34, CD133, KDR and CD31 antigens at different time in vitro under the special M199 medium without any induced factors. The percentage of cells that expressed CD133 decreased gradually. In brief, the present study showed that EPCs derived from rat bone marrow differentiated into ECs in medium 199 without any induced factors and formed tubular structures in three-dimensional circumstances. Animal experiments suggested that EPCs differentiated into ECs and other else non-endothelial cells, and that EPCs contributed to growth of glioma. DISCUSSION: These findings provides some novel findings about biological characteristics of EPCs in vivo and ex vivo, and an update on the effect of EPCs on glioma and which would be helpful for the overall understanding of EPCs and make EPCs to be implied on the clinical therapy.
Cancer Cell International 06/2012; 12(1):32. · 1.97 Impact Factor