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Publications (2)10.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: To measure dietary fat intake using the Puget Sound Eating Patterns (PEP) questionnaire, a validated 19-item food questionnaire, and to quantify how reduced dietary fat intake affects cardiovascular risk factors in adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial including a subsample of 1781 Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) participants. Participants received dietary counseling to consume a reduced-fat diet. Outcome measures included HbA1c, fasting lipid profile, blood pressure, and weight. Longitudinal linear regression analyses were used to evaluate relationships between baseline and follow-up PEP scores and cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: PEP scores decreased significantly from baseline to 12-month follow up with a mean difference of -0.09±0.39, P<0.001. All of the fat intake subscales showed significant improvement at 12 months from baseline. White race, female gender, and more hours per week of physical activity were correlated with a decline in PEP scores at 1-year. A longitudinal decrease in dietary fat intake was associated with significantly less weight gain at 12- and 36-months and lower serum triglycerides at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced fat intake as measured by a brief questionnaire was associated with significant improvement in some cardiovascular risk factors (triglycerides and weight), but not in others.
    Diabetes research and clinical practice 03/2013; · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) Blood Pressure Trial reported no differences in most cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes between intensive and standard blood pressure therapy in individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension. Many such individuals are centrally obese. Here we evaluate whether the trial outcomes varied by the level of central obesity. The cohort included 4,687 people (47.7% women) with DM and hypertension. Mean age was 62.2, and mean follow-up was 4.7 years. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two blood pressure treatment strategies: intensive (systolic <120 mmHg) or standard (systolic <140 mmHg). Sex-specific quartiles of waist-to-height ratio were used as the measure of central obesity. The primary ACCORD outcome (a composite of nonfatal myocardial infarction [MI], nonfatal stroke, or CVD death) and three secondary outcomes (nonfatal MI, fatal or nonfatal stroke, and CVD death) were examined using proportional hazard models. There was no evidence that the effect of intensively lowering blood pressure differed by quartile of waist-to-height ratio for any of the four outcomes (P > 0.25 in all cases). Controlling for waist-to-height quartile had no significant impact on previously published results for intensive blood pressure therapy. Waist-to-height ratio was significantly related to CVD mortality (hazard ratio 2.32 [95% CI 1.40-3.83], P = 0.0009 comparing the heaviest to lightest quartiles), but not to the other outcomes (P > 0.09 in all cases). Intensive lowering of blood pressure versus standard treatment does not ameliorate CVD risk in individuals with DM and hypertension. These results did not vary by quartile of waist-to-height ratio.
    Diabetes care 07/2012; 35(7):1401-5. · 7.74 Impact Factor