Charles A. Mueller MS

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Druid Hills, GA, United States

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Publications (2)3.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Investigators must often rely on self-reported work history information collected with questionnaires. However, little is known about the agreement between self-reported estimates of exposure and records kept by companies. As part of a cross-sectional medical study of structural fumigation workers, self-reported work history information was collected on both duration and frequency of exposure using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. All company records available on these workers were also collected. Only 15 of 81 structural fumigation companies identified by study participants as current or past structural fumigation employers had records suitable for comparison. These 15 companies employed 32 of the workers who participated in the cross-sectional medical study. The exposure information provided by the 32 workers was compared to information obtained from company records. By examining the agreement between these two data sources, potential limitations were identified in both the self-reported and company-recorded exposure data. By recognizing these limitations in the exposure data, we identified the most appropriate exposure measures to be used in subsequent data analyses. This exercise also demonstrated the difficulties in undertaking these exposure comparisons in an industry consisting of many small, independent companies. Similar difficulties with assessing exposures may be experienced by investigators studying other service industries consisting of many small, independent companies (e.g., dry cleaning, auto repair). Am. J. Ind. Med. 32:364–368, 1997. © 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine 12/1998; 32(4):364 - 368. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether the use of video display terminals (VDTs) is associated with an increased risk of reduced birthweight (RBW) and preterm birth, a cohort of telephone operators who used VDTs at work was compared to a cohort of non-VDT-users. Among 2,430 women interviewed, 713 eligible singleton live births were reported. Exposure was estimated from company records and a representative sample of electromagnetic fields was measured at the VDT workstations. For RBW (≤2,800 g), we found no excess risk associated with any VDT use during pregnancy (odds ratio [OR] = 0.9; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.5–1.7). For preterm birth (≤37 weeks), we similarly found no excess risk (OR = 0.7; 95%CI = 0.4–1.1). The risks estimated did not change substantially when hours working with VDTs were used as exposure variables. By contrast, increased risks were found for several known risk factors for LBW and preterm birth. We conclude that occupational VDT use does not increase the risk of RBW and preterm birth. Am. J. Ind. Med. 32:681–688, 1997. Published 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.†
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine 11/1997; 32(6):681 - 688. · 1.97 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1 Citation
3.95 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      • Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies (DSHEFS)
      Druid Hills, GA, United States