βig-h3 is an extracellular matrix protein and its expression is highly induced by transforming growth factor (TGF-β). It has also been suggested to play an important role in the growth and invasion of colon and pancreatic cancers. In the present study, we demonstrated that βig-h3 is expressed in mesothelial cells, especially in patients with advanced gastric cancer. The positive rate of βig-h3 was significantly higher in cases with a more invasive and advanced serous-type, with visible peritoneal metastasis, and in peritoneal lavage cytological examination (PLC) (+) and peritoneal lavage fluid CEA mRNA(+) subgroups (p<0.05). Our study also showed that the expression of βig-h3 gradually increased with increasing TGF-β1 concentrations in vitro in a time-dependant manner. In addition, βig-h3 also induced human gastric carcinoma cell line (SGC-7901) cell adhesion in a dose-dependent manner and significantly increased cell migration and proliferation. The results suggest that βig-h3 expression in peritoneal mesothelial cells in gastric cancer patients is a marker of the biological behavior of gastric cancer and plays an important role in the process of peritoneal carcinomatosis.
Molecular Medicine Reports 06/2012; 6(3):558-64. DOI:10.3892/mmr.2012.951 · 1.48 Impact Factor