Uichi Ikeda

Shinshu University, Shonai, Nagano, Japan

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Publications (464)2230.14 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an evolving paradigm for the risk assessment of cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that an advanced stage of CKD may predict the presence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Screening for PAD by an ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) ≤0.9 was conducted in a consecutive series of 583 subjects (mean age 68.1±12.9 years, 411 men). Levels of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and factors associated with the presence of PAD were examined. Sixty patients (10.3%) had PAD and 192 patients (32.9%) had eGFR <60mL/min/1.73m(2) among all subjects. In patients with an advanced stage of CKD (stage ≥3, equivalent to eGFR <60mL/min/1.73m(2)), high prevalence of PAD (17.2%) and lower ABI levels (1.04±0.18) were observed. Univariate analyses revealed that PAD was associated with an advanced stage of CKD [odds ratio (OR) 1.850, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.322-2.588, p<0.001], as well as age, male gender, systolic blood pressure, and hemoglobin A1c. Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that PAD was independently predicted by the CKD stages (OR 1.498, 95% CI 1.011-2.220, p=0.044, adjusted for covariates). An advanced stage of CKD is independently and significantly associated with the presence of PAD. Targeted screening with ABI measurement can be beneficial in patients with CKD. Copyright © 2015 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Cardiology 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jjcc.2015.01.011 · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of beta-blockers therapy has been recommended to reduce mortality in patients with left ventricular dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), which has become the mainstay of treatment for AMI, is associated with a lower mortality than fibrinolysis. The benefits of beta-blockers after primary PCI in AMI patients without pump failure are unclear. We hypothesized that oral beta-blocker therapy after primary PCI might reduce the mortality in AMI patients without pump failure. The assessment of lipophilic vs. hydrophilic statin therapy in acute myocardial infarction (ALPS-AMI) study was a multi-center study that enrolled 508 AMI patients to compare the efficacy of hydrophilic and lipophilic statins in secondary prevention after myocardial infarction. We prospectively tracked cardiovascular events for 3 years in 444 ALPS-AMI patients (median age 66 years; 18.2 % women) who had Killip class 1 on admission and were discharged alive. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. The 3-year follow-up was completed in 413 patients (93.0 %). During this follow-up, 21 patients (4.7 %) died. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients on beta-blockers had a significantly lower incidence of all-cause mortality (2.7 vs. 7.3 %, log-rank p = 0.025). After adjusting for the calculated propensity score for using beta-blockers, their use remained an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 0.309; 95 % confidence interval 0.116-0.824; p = 0.019). In the statin era, the use of beta-blocker therapy after primary PCI is associated with lower mortality in AMI patients with Killip class 1 on admission.
    Heart and Vessels 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0673-1 · 2.11 Impact Factor
  • Jun Koyama, Shu-Ichi Ikeda, Uichi Ikeda
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac amyloidosis is a cardiomyopathy characterized by increased left ventricular (LV) wall thickness and normal or decreased LV cavity size. Congestive heart failure in cardiac amyloidosis is generally considered a predominantly diastolic phenomenon, with systolic dysfunction only occurring in late-stage disease. Echocardiography is a noninvasive, reproducible method of assessing cardiac features and function in cardiac amyloidosis, and some echocardiographic indices are prognostic for the amyloidoses, with M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiography able to detect increased LV wall thickness. Moreover, Doppler flow measurements can incrementally assess diastolic LV dysfunction, which is characteristic of cardiac amyloidosis, and provide important prognostic information. Additionally, tissue Doppler imaging can detect subtle changes in both systolic and diastolic LV function, which cannot be detected by Doppler flow measurements, and LV longitudinal strain assessed by color tissue Doppler and speckle tracking echocardiography can provide more accurate LV functional and prognostic information than tissue Doppler imaging. This review describes the advances in echocardiography and its crucial role in the diagnosis and management of cardiac amyloidosis.
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    ABSTRACT: CHADS2 or CHA2DS2–VASc score is used for prediction of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Recently, CHADS2 score is reported to have prognostic value in acute coronary syndrome without AF. However, clinical validation of CHA2DS2–VASc score for prognostic stratification in coronary heart disease (CHD) without AF remains uncertain. In this study, we evaluate whether CHA2DS2–VASc score could predict clinical outcome in CHD without known AF.
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    ABSTRACT: The transplantation of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) improves cardiac contractility after myocardial infarction (MI); however, little is known about the electrophysiological consequences of transplantation. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether the transplantation of ADSCs increases or decreases the incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VT) in a rat model of MI. MI was induced experimentally by permanent occlusion of the left anterior descending artery of Lewis rats. ADSCs were harvested from GFP-transgenic rats, and were cultured until passage four. ADSCs (10 × 106) resuspended in 100 μL saline or pro-survival cocktail (PSC), which enhances cardiac graft survival, were injected directly into syngeneic rat hearts 1 week after MI. The recipients of ADSCs suspended in PSC had a larger graft area compared with those receiving ASDCs suspended in saline at 1 week post-transplantation (number of graft cells/section: 148.7 ± 10.6 vs. 22.4 ± 3.4, p < 0.05, n = 5/group). Thereafter, all ADSC recipients were transplanted with ASDCs in PSC. ADSCs were transplanted into infarcted hearts, and the mechanical and electrophysiological functions were assessed. Echocardiography revealed that ADSC recipients had improved contractile function compared with those receiving PSC vehicle (fractional shortening: 21.1 ± 0.9 vs. 14.1 ± 1.2, p < 0.05, n ≥ 12/group). Four weeks post-transplantation, VT was induced via in vivo programmed electrical stimulation. The recipients of ADSCs showed a significantly lower incidence of induced VT compared with the control (31.3% vs. 83.3%, p < 0.05, n ≥ 12/group). To understand the electrical activity following transplantation, we performed ex vivo optical mapping using a voltage sensitive dye, and found that ADSC transplantation decreased conduction velocity and its dispersion in the peri-infarct area. These results suggest that ADSC transplantation improved cardiac mechanical and electrophysiological functions in subacute MI.
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 02/2015; 81. DOI:10.1016/j.yjmcc.2015.02.012 · 5.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Statins reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events, but no randomized trial has investigated the best statins for secondary prevention. We compared the efficacy of hydrophilic pravastatin with that of lipophilic atorvastatin in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Methods and Results:A prospective, multicenter study enrolled 508 patients (410 men; mean age, 66.0±11.6 years) with AMI who were randomly assigned to atorvastatin (n=255) or pravastatin (n=253). The target control level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was <100 mg/dl, and patients were followed for 2 years. The primary endpoint was the composite of death due to any cause, non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke, unstable angina or congestive heart failure requiring hospital admission, or any type of coronary revascularization. The primary endpoint occurred in 77 patients (30.4%) and in 80 patients (31.4%) in the pravastatin and atorvastatin groups, respectively (hazard ratio, 1.181; 95% confidence interval: 0.862-1.619; P=0.299), whereas greater reductions in serum total cholesterol and LDL-C were achieved in the atorvastatin group (P<0.001 for each). Changes in hemoglobin A1c, brain natriuretic peptide, and creatinine were not significant between the 2 regimens, and safety and treatment adherence were similar.Conclusions:On 2-year comparison of hydrophilic and lipophilic statins there was no significant difference in prevention of secondary cardiovascular outcome.
    Circulation Journal 11/2014; 79(1). DOI:10.1253/circj.CJ-14-0877 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is a heart-muscle disorder characterized by prominent myocardial trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses in the LV cavity. LVNC is often diagnosed by echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, but a universally accepted definition of LVNC is lacking. Although the prevalence of LVNC in adults remains unclear, improvements in diagnostic techniques account for the relatively high incidence of LVNC in recent years. The clinical presentation is highly variable from asymptomatic to symptomatic. Meanwhile, the classical triad of heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias, and systemic embolism constitute typical complications of this disease. Unfortunately, there is no specific therapy for LVNC, and management depends on the clinical manifestations. In this review, we discuss what is currently known about LVNC and conclude that multicenter registries are required for a better understanding of this rare disorder. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Journal of Cardiology 10/2014; 65(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jjcc.2014.10.005 · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To examine in claudicant patients with aortoiliac lesions the relationship between the post-exercise ankle-brachial index (ABI) and the peripheral fractional flow reserve (p-FFR), a physiological test that has heretofore been used to assess coronary and renal artery stenosis. Methods : Sixteen male patients (mean age 68.1±7.5 years) with isolated iliac artery lesions detected by ultrasound in 17 limbs were enrolled in this study. Resting ABI was measured and a treadmill test was administered to measure the post-exercise ABI. During angiography, the p-FFR was measured using a pressure guidewire after administration of papaverine to induce hyperemia. Changes in the ABI during exercise and p-FFR at hyperemia were calculated. Results : The mean resting ABI and post-exercise ABI were 0.87±0.12 and 0.65±0.24, respectively. There was no complication during the measurement of p-FFR. The mean p-FFR at hyperemia was 0.71±0.14. A significant linear correlation was observed between post-exercise ABI and p-FFR at hyperemia (r=0.857, p<0.001), which was stronger than the correlation between post-exercise ABI and peak-to-peak pressure gradient at hyperemia (r= -0.626, p=0.013). Conclusions : Measuring p-FFR appears to be a feasible and safe procedure, and there is a significant linear correlation between post-exercise ABI and p-FFR in aortoiliac lesions. The p-FFR was more accurate than a peak-to-peak pressure gradient in assessing the physiological significance of a stenosis. Though larger studies are required, p-FFR might be used to physiologically assess stenosis in PAD patients with isolated aortoiliac lesions.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 10/2014; 21(5):625-632. DOI:10.1583/14-4734MR.1 · 3.59 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure 10/2014; 20(10):S138–S139. DOI:10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.07.047 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure 10/2014; 20(10):S154. DOI:10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.07.137 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with oxidative stress and elevated brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. However, the exact cardiac origin of oxidative stress and its association with BNP levels in AF patients remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated the chamber-specific plasma oxidative stress levels in patients with paroxysmal AF (PAF) and persistent AF (PSAF). Diacron-reactive oxygen metabolite (dROM) levels were measured in patients with PAF (n = 50) and PSAF (n = 35) at different cardiac sites before ablation and in peripheral vein 3 months after ablation. For all sites, dROM levels were higher in PSAF patients than in PAF patients; the levels were the highest in the coronary sinus at 429.0 (interquartile range: 392.0-449.0) vs. 374.0 (357.0-397.8) Carratelli units (P < 0.05). dROM levels in the coronary sinus were related to the BNP levels (r = 0.436, P < 0.001). Furthermore, the reduction in the peripheral dROM levels was related to that in the peripheral BNP levels in patients with symptomatic improvement (r = 0.473, P < 0.001). Cardiac oxidative stress may either be a cause or consequence of prolonged AF, and cardiac oxidative stress levels correlated with BNP levels, though a possible source of oxidative stress in AF patients may be systemic circulation.
    Heart and Vessels 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00380-014-0582-8 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Importance of fatty acid components and imbalances has emerged in coronary heart disease. In this study, we analyzed fatty acids and ankle-brachial index (ABI) in a Japanese cohort. Methods Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was diagnosed in 101 patients by ABI ≤0.90 and/or by angiography. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors and components of serum fatty acids were examined in all patients (mean age 73.2±0.9 years; 81 males), and compared with those in 373 age- and sex-matched control subjects with no evidence of PAD. Results The presence of PAD (mean ABI: 0.71±0.02) was independently associated with low levels of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) (OR: 0.90; 95% CI: 0.85–0.96; P = 0.002), eicosapentaenoic acid∶arachidonic acid (EPA∶AA) ratio (OR: 0.38; 95% CI: 0.17–0.86; P = 0.021), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (OR: 0.97; 95% CI: 0.96–0.98; P<0.0001), and with a high hemoglobin A1c level (OR: 1.34; 95% CI: 1.06–1.69; P = 0.013). Individuals with lower levels of GLA (≤7.95 µg/mL) and a lower EPA∶AA ratio (≤0.55) had the lowest ABI (0.96±0.02, N = 90), while the highest ABI (1.12±0.01, N = 78) was observed in individuals with higher values of both GLA and EPA∶AA ratio (P<0.0001). Conclusion A low level of GLA and a low EPA∶AA ratio are independently associated with the presence of PAD. Specific fatty acid abnormalities and imbalances could lead to new strategies for risk stratification and prevention in PAD patients.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107003. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107003 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Recent guidelines for treating ventricular fibrillation (VF) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) stress class III antiarrhythmic drugs, but some malignant arrhythmias refractory to these agents still occur in clinical practice. The possibility of a new treatment strategy involving lidocaine and amiodarone combination therapy was evaluated. Methods: From September 2008 to September 2013, 62 patients were treated at our hospital with lidocaine. The medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty inappropriate patients were excluded. The remaining 42 patients were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to the effectiveness of lidocaine in terminating refractory ventricular arrhythmias: the effective group. Results: LVEF was significantly higher in the lidocaine effective (E) group compared to the ineffective (I) group (44 +/- 16% vs. 32 +/- 10%, p = 0.027). There were more patients already on amiodarone at the start of lidocaine therapy in the E group compared to the I group (11/26 vs. 1/16, p = 0.012). Furthermore, patients receiving lidocaine without amiodarone were re-analyzed to estimate the actual effect of lidocaine. Of the 30 patients not receiving amiodarone, 15 were in the effective without amiodarone (E w/o A) group and 15 were in the ineffective without amiodarone (I w/o A) group. LVEF was significantly higher in the E w/o A group than in the I w/o A group (51 +/- 16% vs. 32 +/- 9%, p = 0.001). Conclusions: This retrospective study suggests that combination therapy with lidocaine and amiodarone can terminate most refractory ventricular arrhythmias. Even in patients with a sufficient LVEF not receiving amiodarone, it is possible that lidocaine can contribute to a favorable outcome.
    International Journal of Cardiology 08/2014; 176(3). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.08.090 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old woman was hospitalized with cardiac tamponade due to effusive pericarditis presenting with significant thickening of the pericardium. Serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) level was elevated to 1,800 mg/dL, and an open biopsy specimen from the pericardium revealed massive infiltration of lymphocytes and IgG4-positive plasma cells. She had experienced adenopathies in the lacrimal and parotid glands 6 months earlier, and was diagnosed as having IgG4-related Mikulicz's disease by similar cell infiltration in the salivary gland biopsy. The significant involvement of the pericardium as a manifestation of IgG4-related disease is described, as well as the successful treatment with oral corticosteroids.
    The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 08/2014; 98(2):e47-9. DOI:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.04.069 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose : To examine the prognosis of patients with intermittent claudication who received treatment with endovascular techniques. Methods : A retrospective multicenter study was performed involving 2930 consecutive patients (2307 men; mean age 71.5±8.9 years) with intermittent claudication who underwent an endovascular procedure for a de novo iliofemoral artery lesion. The primary outcome measure was overall survival. The secondary outcomes were freedom from major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE: all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) and from major adverse cardiovascular and limb events (MACE with repeat revascularization or above-knee amputation of the target limb). Cox multivariate regression analysis of selected baseline characteristics, procedure-related complications, and medication use was performed to determine predictors for all-cause mortality. Positive predictors from this analysis were used to stratify patients into low- (1410, 48.1%), moderate- (1406, 48.0%), and high-risk (114, 3.9%) categories. Results : The overall survival rates were 97.2%, 90.8%, and 83.4% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. The cause of death was cardiovascular in 42.8% of cases. Freedom from MACE was 96.7%, 88.6%, and 77.3% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis identified age, dialysis, left ventricular dysfunction, insulin-dependent diabetes, hematoma prolonging hospitalization, coronary artery disease, and superficial femoral plus iliac lesions as positive predictors of all-cause mortality. In the risk stratification analysis, the overall 5-year survival rate was significantly lower in high-risk patients compared to the other groups (90.1% vs. 78.6% vs. 53.5%, p<0.0001). Conclusion : The prognosis in patients with intermittent claudication after endovascular therapy was relatively good but extremely poor for the high-risk patient subgroup.
    Journal of Endovascular Therapy 06/2014; 21(3):381-388. DOI:10.1583/13-4618R.1 · 3.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 15-year-old asymptomatic male patient presented with an electrocardiographic abnormality and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction (left ventricle ejection fraction of 40%) in a physical examination performed 2 years previously. LV dysfunction did not improve despite optimal medical therapy for dilated cardiomyopathy. Twelve-lead electrocardiography revealed a normal PR interval (138 ms) with a small delta-like wave in V2, but not a typical diagnostic wave that could be diagnosed as Wolff–Parkinson–White (WPW) syndrome by an electrocardiogram auto-analysis. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a remarkable asynchronous septal motion. An electrophysiological study was performed to exclude WPW syndrome. An accessory pathway (AP) was revealed on the lateral wall of the right ventricle, and radiofrequency catheter ablation was successfully performed to disconnect the AP. Thereafter, the dyssynchrony disappeared, and LV function improved. The intrinsic atrioventricular nodal conduction was very slow (A-H, 237 ms). The results of electrocardiogram auto-analysis could not be used to confirm the diagnosis of WPW syndrome because of the atypical delta wave. Conduction via the right lateral AP caused electrical dyssynchrony in the LV. This case suggests that atypical delta waves should be evaluated without depending on electrocardiographic auto-analyses in patients with LV dysfunction accompanied by dyssynchrony.
    Journal of Arrhythmia 05/2014; 31(1). DOI:10.1016/j.joa.2014.03.011
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Atherosclerosis is believed to be caused by oxidative stress. Endovascular therapy (EVT) is effective for claudication of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, its effect on oxidative stress in PAD patients is unknown. Here, the impact of EVT on oxidative stress in PAD patients is investigated. Methods and Results: Twenty-five PAD patients (Rutherford stage II or III) who underwent EVT were enrolled. The levels of diacron-reactive oxygen metabolite (d-ROM; an oxidative stress marker), ankle-brachial index (ABI), and maximum walking distance at baseline and at 3 months after EVT were measured. As compared with baseline values, the maximum walking distance and ABI improved significantly after EVT (109.9±104.2 vs. 313.7±271.8m, P<0.0001; 0.61±0.15 vs. 0.91±0.13m, P<0.0001, respectively). The improved exercise capacity and arterial flow induced a significant decrease in d-ROM levels (from 472.8±64.8 to 390.2±46.7U.CARR; P<0.0001). The decrease in d-ROM levels after EVT was more prominent in PAD patients with a high baseline d-ROM level. The increased ABI (r=0.524, P=0.0007) and maximum walking distance (r=-0.416, P=0.039) after EVT were significantly correlated with the decreased d-ROM levels. Conclusions: The improved exercise capacity and peripheral blood flow induced by EVT decreases oxidative stress in PAD patients.
    Circulation Journal 03/2014; 78(6). DOI:10.1253/circj.CJ-13-1341 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The clinical outcomes of elderly patients (≥80 years old) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been well established, despite recent advances in both devices and techniques. Methods and Results: We recruited patients from the SHINANO Registry, a prospective, observational, multicenter, cohort study. From August 2012 to July 2013, a total of 1,923 consecutive patients with 2,250 elective/urgent PCIs (2,105 admissions) (mean age, 71±11 years; ≥80 years, 23%; men, 77%) were enrolled. The primary endpoint was procedural success. The secondary endpoints were in-hospital death and in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). The procedural success rate was significantly lower (83.7% vs. 89.1%, P=0.0001), and the rates of in-hospital mortality and MACE were significantly higher in elderly than in non-elderly patients (3.6% vs. 1.5%, P=0.005; 4.4% vs. 2.3%, P=0.016, respectively). For elective PCI, the rates of procedural success and in-hospital MACE were similar between groups (90.3% vs. 91.3%, P=0.65, 2.3% vs. 1.2%, P=0.2, respectively). On multivariate analysis, being elderly was not an independent predictor of procedural failure (OR, 1.15; CI, 0.81-1.61; P=0.43). Conclusions: In elderly patients, PCI is safe and feasible. The presence of comorbidities is a more important factor than age alone.
    Circulation Journal 03/2014; 78(5). DOI:10.1253/circj.CJ-14-0129 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to determine whether serial measurements of oxidative stress levels could serve as a predictive marker for cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Biological antioxidant potential (BAP) levels were measured at admission and at 6, 12, and 24 months in 69 patients with STEMI. The CV events abruptly increased 6 to 10 months after successful percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with STEMI, and the 6-month BAP levels were significantly lower in patients with CV events (2456 μmol/L [interquartile range: 2237-2615 μmol/L]) than in those without (2849 μmol/L [2575-2987 μmol/L], P < .001). A decreased 6-month BAP level was an independent and significant predictor of long-term CV events (hazard ratio = 2.45; 95% confidence intervals 1.10-5.78; P = .04). Our findings suggest that serial changes in antioxidant capacity, assessed by BAP levels, may serve as a predictive marker for CV events after STEMI.
    Angiology 03/2014; 66(3). DOI:10.1177/0003319714525656 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The impact of long-acting calcium channel blocker (CCB) administration on serial changes in left ventricular (LV) function and morphology in hypertensive patients with LV hypertrophy remains unclear. This study attempted to clarify this impact by comparing the effects of administration of azelnidipine with that of amlodipine using conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography.Methods An equal number (16) of 32 hypertensive patients was prospectively assigned to a group administered 5 mg of amlodipine/day or a group administered 16 mg of azelnidipine/day. LV function and morphology was examined by conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography at baseline and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment initiation.ResultsBoth groups were found to have experienced a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure by 1 month after treatment initiation; a significant reduction in septal thickness and LV mass index at 6 and 12 months. Transmitral flow E/A ratio and early diastolic mitral annular velocity at lateral wall significantly improved at 12 months. On the other hand, a significant improvement of global longitudinal strain was observed earlier than the above indexes at 3, 6, and 12 months. Ar-A duration difference was significantly decreased at 3 months. The global circumferential strain improved significantly at 3 months, but there were no significant changes in mid-/apical circumferential and radial strains throughout the study period.Conclusion Azelnidipine has beneficial effects on LV mass regression, transmitral flow, tissue Doppler, and LV longitudinal strain that are comparable to those of amlodipine on the same parameters.
    Echocardiography 03/2014; 31(10). DOI:10.1111/echo.12548 · 1.25 Impact Factor

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9k Citations
2,230.14 Total Impact Points


  • 2003–2015
    • Shinshu University
      • Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
      Shonai, Nagano, Japan
  • 1986–2009
    • Jichi Medical University
      • • Division of Cardiology
      • • Department of Genetic Therapeutics
      Totigi, Tochigi, Japan
  • 2004
    • Tokyo Institute of Technology
      • Department of Biomolecular Engineering
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1987–2002
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Institute of Medical Science
      • • Division of Internal Medicine
      Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1994–2001
    • Utsunomiya University
      Totigi, Tochigi, Japan
  • 1994–1999
    • Kobe University
      Kōbe, Hyōgo, Japan
  • 1997
    • Kyoritsu College of Pharmacy
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • College of Alameda
      Аламеда, California, United States
  • 1991
    • Emory University
      • School of Medicine
      Atlanta, GA, United States
  • 1990
    • Brigham and Women's Hospital
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, MA, United States