Lars-Gunnar Kindblom

Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Londinium, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (38)215.47 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BCOR-CCNB3 fusion transcripts resulting from an X-chromosomal paracentric inversion were recently identified in a series of unclassifiable soft tissue and bone sarcomas with Ewing sarcoma-like morphology. The morphologic and clinical features of these sarcomas are, as yet, not well characterized. Here we describe the clinicopathologic features of 10 cases of BCOR-CCNB3 sarcoma and compare their clinical course with typical Ewing sarcoma. Nine of 10 patients were male, and all were 11 to 18 years of age. Seven tumors were located in the bone and 3 in the deep soft tissues. The histomorphologic spectrum was quite wide, with 7 tumors predominately showing small primitive cell morphology with angulated nuclei simulating so-called atypical Ewing sarcoma and 3 predominately showing spindle cell morphology. Recurrent and metastatic lesions showed increased cellularity and marked pleomorphism. Immunohistochemistry showed expression of CCNB3 (100%), bcl2 (90%), CD99 (60%), and CD117 (60%). Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for BCOR-CCNB3 fusion transcripts was positive in all 9 cases, which yielded sufficient extracted RNA. Five- and 10-year survival rates were 75% and 56%, respectively. BCOR-CCNB3 sarcomas located in axial skeleton and soft tissues showed a significantly shorter survival. The Ewing sarcoma overall survival was not statistically different, although there was a trend for longer survival of patients with BCOR-CCNB3 sarcomas in the extremities. In conclusion, this study provides a detailed description of the histologic spectrum, immunohistochemical features, and clinical characteristic of BCOR-CCNB3 sarcoma justifying distinction from Ewing sarcoma with its typical EWS/FUS-ETS translocations. Ideally immunohistochemistry is used in combination with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for definitive diagnosis.
    The American journal of surgical pathology 05/2014; · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) and low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) are 2 distinct types of sarcoma, with a subset of cases showing overlapping morphologic and immunohistochemical features. LGFMS is characterized by expression of the MUC4 protein, and about 90% of cases display a distinctive FUS-CREB3L2 gene fusion. In addition, SEF is often MUC4 positive, but is genetically less well studied. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies have shown involvement of the FUS gene in the majority of so-called hybrid LGFMS/SEF and in 10% to 25% of sarcomas with pure SEF morphology. In this study, we investigated a series of 10 primary tumors showing pure SEF morphology, 4 cases of LGFMS that at local or distant relapse showed predominant SEF morphology, and 1 primary hybrid LGFMS/SEF. All but 1 case showed diffuse expression for MUC4. Using FISH, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and/or mRNA sequencing in selected cases, we found recurrent EWSR1-CREB3L1 fusion transcripts by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in 3/10 pure SEF cases and splits and deletions of the EWSR1 and/or CREB3L1 genes by FISH in 6 additional cases. All 5 cases of LGFMS with progression to SEF morphology or hybrid features had FUS-CREB3L2 fusion transcripts. Our results indicate that EWSR1 and CREB3L1 rearrangements are predominant over FUS and CREB3L2 rearrangements in pure SEF, highlighting that SEF and LGFMS are different tumor types, with different impacts on patient outcome.
    The American journal of surgical pathology 01/2014; · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumor (PHAT) is a rare soft tissue tumor of intermediate malignancy and uncertain cellular origin and lineage of differentiation. Although PHAT is still poorly characterized at the genetic level, there is a potential genetic overlap with two other soft tissue tumors: myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma (MIFS) and hemosiderotic fibrolipomatous tumor (HFLT); MIFS and HFLT share a characteristic t(1;10)(p22;q24) with breakpoints in the TGFBR3 locus on chromosome 1 and near the MGEA5 locus on chromosome 10. Recently, a PHAT with a similar t(1;10) was reported, suggesting a genetic link between MIFS/HFLT and PHAT. To ascertain whether PHAT is also associated with this translocation, two cases were subjected to single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses. Neither PHAT showed a t(1;10) or other types of rearrangement of the TGFBR3 or MGEA5 loci. Both tumors showed imbalances in the SNP array analysis, but none was shared. Thus, the results indicate that PHAT is genetically distinguishable from MIFS and HFLT, but further studies are needed to identify the salient genetic pathways involved in PHAT development.
    Cancer Genetics 11/2012; · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chordoma is a rare malignant bone tumor that expresses the transcription factor T. We conducted an association study of 40 individuals with chordoma and 358 ancestry-matched controls, with replication in an independent cohort. Whole-exome and Sanger sequencing of T exons showed strong association of the common nonsynonymous SNP rs2305089 with chordoma risk (allelic odds ratio (OR) = 6.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.1-12.1; P = 4.4 × 10(-9)), a finding that is exceptional in cancers with a non-Mendelian mode of inheritance.
    Nature Genetics 10/2012; · 35.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteosarcoma (OS) is a primary malignant tumour of bone occurring predominantly in children and young adults. Despite chemotherapy, relapse is common and mortality remains high. Non-transformed osteoblasts are highly sensitive to glucocorticoids, which reduce proliferation and induce apoptosis. Previously, we observed that OS cells, but not normal osteoblasts, express 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2). This enzyme inactivates cortisol (active) to cortisone (inactive) and expression of 11β-HSD2 renders OS cells resistant to glucocorticoids. By contrast, the related enzyme 11β-HSD1 converts cortisone to cortisol and reduces OS cell proliferation in vitro. Some synthetic glucocorticoids (e.g. dehydrodexamethasone (DHD), inactive counterpart of dexamethasone (DEX)) have been reported to be activated by 11β-HSD2. We therefore investigated expression and enzymatic activity of 11β-HSD isozymes in human OS tissue, determined whether 11β-HSD expression has prognostic value in the response to therapy, and evaluated the potential use of synthetic glucocorticoids to selectively target OS cells. OS samples expressed both 11β-HSD1 and 11β-HSD2. 11β-HSD1 expression in pretreatment biopsy specimens positively correlated with primary tumour size. Expression and activity of 11β-HSD1 in post-treatment biopsies were unrelated to the degree of tumour necrosis following chemotherapy. However, high 11β-HSD2 expression in post-treatment biopsies correlated with a poor response to therapy. OS cells that expressed 11β-HSD2 inactivated endogenous glucocorticoids; but these cells were also able to generate DEX from DHD. These results suggest that OS treatment response is related to 11β-HSD2 enzyme expression. Furthermore, OS cells expressing this enzyme could be targeted by treatment with synthetic glucocorticoids that are selectively reactivated by the enzyme.
    Endocrine Related Cancer 06/2012; 19(4):589-98. · 5.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ollier disease and Maffucci syndrome are non-hereditary skeletal disorders characterized by multiple enchondromas (Ollier disease) combined with spindle cell hemangiomas (Maffucci syndrome). We report somatic heterozygous mutations in IDH1 (c.394C>T encoding an R132C substitution and c.395G>A encoding an R132H substitution) or IDH2 (c.516G>C encoding R172S) in 87% of enchondromas (benign cartilage tumors) and in 70% of spindle cell hemangiomas (benign vascular lesions). In total, 35 of 43 (81%) subjects with Ollier disease and 10 of 13 (77%) with Maffucci syndrome carried IDH1 (98%) or IDH2 (2%) mutations in their tumors. Fourteen of 16 subjects had identical mutations in separate lesions. Immunohistochemistry to detect mutant IDH1 R132H protein suggested intraneoplastic and somatic mosaicism. IDH1 mutations in cartilage tumors were associated with hypermethylation and downregulated expression of several genes. Mutations were also found in 40% of solitary central cartilaginous tumors and in four chondrosarcoma cell lines, which will enable functional studies to assess the role of IDH1 and IDH2 mutations in tumor formation.
    Nature Genetics 11/2011; 43(12):1256-61. · 35.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ollier disease and Maffucci syndrome are rare, nonhereditary skeletal disorders characterized by the presence of multiple enchondromas with (Maffucci) or without (Ollier) co-existing multiple hemangiomas of soft tissue. Enchondromas can progress toward central chondrosarcomas. PTH1R mutations are found in a small subset of Ollier patients. The genetic deficit in Maffucci syndrome is unknown. Here, we report the first genome-wide analysis using Affymetrix SNP 6.0 array on Maffucci enchondromas (n = 4) and chondrosarcomas (n = 2) from four cases. Results were compared to a previously studied cohort of Ollier patients (n = 37). We found no loss of heterozygosity (LOH) or common copy number alterations shared by all enchondromas, with the exception of some copy number variations. As expected, chondrosarcomas were found to have multiple genomic imbalances. This is similar to conventional solitary and Ollier-related enchondromas and chondrosarcomas and supports the multistep genetic progression model. Expression profiling using Illumina BeadArray-v3 chip revealed that cartilaginous tumors in Maffucci patients are more similar to such tumors in Ollier patients than to sporadic cartilage tumors. Point mutations in a single gene or other copy number neutral genomic changes might play a role in enchondromagenesis.
    Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 05/2011; 50(9):673-9. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chordoma, the molecular hallmark of which is T (brachyury), is a rare malignant bone tumour with a high risk of local recurrence and a tumour from which metastatic disease is a common late event. Currently, there is no effective drug therapy for treating chordomas, although there is evidence that some patients respond to the empirical use of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antagonists. The aim of this study was to determine the role of EGFR in the pathogenesis of chordoma. Paraffin-embedded material from 173 chordomas from 160 patients [sacro-coccygeal (n = 94), skull-based (n = 50), and mobile spine (n = 16)] was analysed by immunohistochemistry and revealed total EGFR expression in 69% of cases analysed. Of 147 informative chordomas analysed by FISH, 38% revealed high-level EGFR polysomy, 4% high-level polysomy with focal amplification, 18% low-level polysomy, and 39% disomy. Phospho-receptor tyrosine kinase array membranes showed EGFR activation in the chordoma cell line U-CH1 and all of the three chordomas analysed. Direct sequencing of EGFR (exons 18-21), KRAS, NRAS, HRAS (exons 2, 3), and BRAF (exons 11, 15) using DNA from 62 chordomas failed to reveal mutations. PTEN expression was absent by immunohistochemistry in 19 of 147 (13%) analysed chordomas, only one of which revealed high-level polysomy of EGFR. The EGFR inhibitor tyrphostin (AG 1478) markedly inhibited proliferation of the chordoma cell line U-CH1 in vitro and diminished EGFR phosphorylation in a dose-dependant manner, a finding supported by inhibition of phosphorylated Erk1/2. p-Akt was suppressed to a much lesser degree in these experiments. There was no reduction of T as assessed by western blotting. These data implicate aberrant EGFR signalling in the pathogenesis of chordoma. This study provides a strategy for patient stratification for treatment with EGFR antagonists.
    The Journal of Pathology 02/2011; 223(3):336-46. · 7.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A variety of analyses, including fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), quantitative PCR (qPCR) and array CGH (aCGH), have been performed on a series of chordomas from 181 patients. Twelve of 181 (7%) tumours displayed amplification of the T locus and an additional two cases showed focal amplification; 70/181 (39%) tumours were polysomic for chromosome 6, and 8/181 (4.5%) primary tumours showed a minor allelic gain of T as assessed by FISH. No germline alteration of the T locus was identified in non-neoplastic tissue from 40 patients. Copy number gain of T was seen in a similar percentage of sacrococcygeal, mobile spine and base of skull tumours. Knockdown of T in the cell line, U-CH1, which showed polysomy of chromosome 6 involving 6q27, resulted in a marked decrease in cell proliferation and morphological features consistent with a senescence-like phenotype. The U-CH1 cell line was validated as representing chordoma by the generation of xenografts, which showed typical chordoma morphology and immunohistochemistry in the NOD/SCID/interleukin 2 receptor [IL2r]gammanull mouse model. In conclusion, chromosomal aberrations resulting in gain of the T locus are common in sporadic chordomas and expression of this gene is critical for proliferation of chordoma cells in vitro.
    The Journal of Pathology 02/2011; 223(3):327-35. · 7.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare malignancy; diagnostic problems may occur when cases present as a metastasis or with unusual morphologic features. In this study, a series of 18 cases with follow-up information were analysed with regard to the ASPL/TFE3 fusion transcripts and immuno-detection of TFE3 using archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. Novel primers to detect ASPL/TFE3 fusion transcripts, type 1 and 2, were designed. The patients, ten female and eight male, ranged in age from 3 to 46 years; 16 involved soft tissues of the extremities (nine, lower; seven, upper), one involved the uterine cervix and one was a primary bone tumour of the foot. Seven ASPS had unusual morphologic features lacking the typical alveolar pattern. Seven had lung metastases at the time of diagnosis, and three developed lung and brain metastases later. Four patients died of disease (after 1-5 years); four are alive with metastases (after 2-15 years), and ten are alive and well (after 1-10 years). Vascular invasion correlated with metastatic disease. All 18 ASPS, four granular cell tumours (one of which was malignant) and one adrenal cortical carcinoma showed TFE3 immuno-positivity. The 18/18 ASPS showed ASPL/TFE3 fusion transcripts (nine, type 1; nine, type 2), four of which had a balanced translocation. ASPL/TFE3 fusion transcripts were not detected in 25 controls. We conclude that immuno-detection of TFE3 and RT-PCR-based identification of ASPL/TFE3 fusion transcripts in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues are powerful tools in the diagnosis of ASPS, particularly in cases with unusual morphologic features.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 01/2011; 458(3):291-300. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Synovial sarcoma is a morphologically and genotypically distinctive soft tissue sarcoma with a strong predilection for young and middle aged adults and the deep soft tissues of the extremities. Rare cases of synovial sarcoma have been reported in a large variety of unusual sites, one of the least common being the female genital tract. We report 4 young women with synovial sarcoma involving the vulva (3 cases) and vagina (1 case). Two of the tumors were of the biphasic and 2 of the monophasic type; 3 of the tumors were poorly differentiated. The diagnosis in all the cases was supported by immunohistochemical findings and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and sequencing demonstration of SS18/SSX fusion transcripts. Two of the patients developed recurrent disease (1 dies of disease after 8 years) and 2 are currently disease-free.This study shows the importance of pathologists being aware of the rare occurrence of synovial sarcoma in the female genital tract, discusses the differential diagnosis with particular reference to this location, emphasizes the need for molecular genetic support in such cases, and reviews the sparse, earlier literature. Synovial sarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a vulvovaginal mesenchymal lesion, especially in a young female.
    International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists 01/2011; 30(1):84-91. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), KIT exon 11 deletions are associated with poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to determine the gene expression profiles of GISTs carrying KIT exon 11 deletions and to identify genes associated with poor prognosis. Expression profiling was performed on nine tumors with KIT exon 11 deletions and 7 without KIT exon 11 mutations using oligonucleotide microarrays. In addition, gene expression profiles for 35 GISTs were analyzed by meta-analysis. Expression of CD133 (prominin-1) protein was examined by tissue microarray (TMA) analysis of 204 GISTs from a population-based study in western Sweden. Survival analysis was performed on patients subjected to R0 resection (n=180) using the Cox proportional hazards model. Gene expression profiling, meta-analysis, and qPCR showed up regulation of CD133 in GISTs carrying KIT exon 11 deletions. Immunohistochemical analysis on TMA confirmed CD133 expression in 28% of all tumors. CD133 positivity was more frequent in gastric GISTs (48%) than in small intestinal GISTs (4%). CD133 positivity was also more frequent in GISTs with KIT exon 11 mutations (41%) than in tumors with mutations in KIT exon 9, platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRA), or wild-type tumors (0-17%). Univariate survival analysis showed a significant correlation between the presence of CD133 protein and shorter overall survival (hazard ratio=2.23, p=0.027). Multivariate analysis showed that CD133 provided additional information on patient survival compared to age, sex, National Institutes of Health (NIH) risk group and mutational status. CD133 is expressed in a subset of predominantly gastric GISTs with KIT exon 11 mutations and poor prognosis.
    International Journal of Cancer 11/2010; 129(5):1149-61. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hibernomas are benign tumors with morphological features resembling brown fat. They consistently display cytogenetic rearrangements, typically translocations, involving chromosome band 11q13. Here we demonstrate that these aberrations are associated with concomitant deletions of AIP and MEN1, tumor suppressor genes that are located 3 Mb apart and that underlie the hereditary syndromes pituitary adenoma predisposition and multiple endocrine neoplasia type I. MEN1 and AIP displayed a low expression in hibernomas whereas the expression of genes up-regulated in brown fat--PPARA, PPARG, PPARGC1A, and UCP1--was high. Thus, loss of MEN1 and AIP is likely to be pathogenetically essential for hibernoma development. Simultaneous loss of two tumor suppressor genes has not previously been shown to result from a neoplasia-associated translocation. Furthermore, in contrast to the prevailing assumption that benign tumors harbor relatively few genetic aberrations, the present analyses demonstrate that a considerable number of chromosome breaks are involved in the pathogenesis of hibernoma.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 11/2010; 107(49):21122-7. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Giant cell tumour of bone (GCTB) is a primary tumour of bone that may rarely, in the absence of malignant cytological features, produce metastatic lesions, most commonly in the lungs. Whether these lung nodules represent true neoplastic secondaries or implants derived from the primary tumour is not certain. In this study, we have analysed the morphological and immunophenotypic features of 19 conventional GCTBs and corresponding lung nodules for expression of macrophage, osteoclast, proliferation and tumour-associated markers. A striking morphological feature of all GCTBs that produced lung secondaries was the presence of large areas of haemorrhage and thrombus formation; mononuclear and multinucleated cells of GCTB were frequently found within these areas of haemorrhage and thrombus. A similar pattern of CD14, CD33, HLA-DR and CD51 expression was seen in macrophages and giant cells in primary and secondary tumours. Smooth muscle actin expression was frequently noted in primary GCTBs that recurred and metastasised. No difference was seen in the expression of p53, p63, Ki-67, cyclin D1 or Bcl-2 in primary and secondary tumours. Our findings suggest that most lung nodules associated with primary conventional GCTBs are implants derived from tumour emboli formed in areas of haemorrhage and thrombus formation within the primary tumour.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 12/2009; 456(1):97-103. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma (MIFS) is a low-grade malignant neoplasm for which limited genetic information, including a t(1;10)(p22;q24) and amplification of chromosome 3 material, is available. To further characterize these aberrations, we have investigated eight soft tissue sarcomas diagnosed as MIFS, haemosiderotic fibrolipomatous tumour (HFT), myxoid spindle cell/pleomorphic sarcoma with MIFS features, and inflammatory malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma with prominent inflammation (IMFH) harbouring a t(1;10) or variants thereof and/or ring chromosomes with possible involvement of chromosome 3. Using chromosome banding, fluorescence in situ hybridization, array-based comparative genomic hybridization, global gene expression, and real-time quantitative PCR analyses, we identified the breakpoint regions on chromosomes 1 and 10, demonstrated and delineated the commonly amplified region on chromosome 3, and assessed the consequences of these alterations for gene expression. The breakpoints in the t(1;10) mapped to TGFBR3 in 1p22 and in or near MGEA5 in 10q24, resulting in transcriptional up-regulation of NPM3 and particularly FGF8, two consecutive genes located close to MGEA5. The ring chromosomes contained a commonly amplified 1.44 Mb region in 3p11-12, which was associated with increased expression of VGLL3 and CHMP2B. The identified genetic aberrations were not confined to MIFS; an identical t(1;10) was also found in a case of HFT and the amplicon in 3p was seen in an IMFH.
    The Journal of Pathology 01/2009; 217(5):716-27. · 7.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare soft tissue tumor of low malignant potential and uncertain differentiation. Only three genetically investigated cases of AFH have been reported. Two of them displayed a FUS-ATF1 fusion gene and one showed an EWSR1-ATF1 chimera. Using RT-PCR analysis, we have identified the EWSR1-ATF1 fusion transcript, and delineated the genomic breakpoints, in two new cases of AFH. Previously, the EWSR1-ATF1 fusion protein has been suggested to activate expression of the MITF-M transcript, and therefore the expression pattern of the MITF gene was studied. The MITF-M transcript was not detected in either AFH, in line with the finding that the co-activator SOX10 was not expressed. Thus, of the five AFH that have been molecularly analyzed to date, two have displayed a FUS-ATF1 fusion gene and three have shown an EWSR1-ATF1 chimera. There is no apparent correlation between the type of fusion gene and clinicopathologic features. Nonetheless, RT-PCR for these fusion transcripts remains a valuable diagnostic adjunct in the distinction between AFH and other soft tissue tumors or metastases that may simulate it.
    Cancer Letters 07/2007; 251(1):158-63. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to analyze whether the occurrence of both breast and ovarian cancer in a woman serves as a marker for BRCA gene mutations. This population-based study included 256 women in western Sweden who developed both invasive breast and ovarian tumors between 1958 and 1999. Archival paraffin tissue blocks of their tumors were retrieved for DNA-extraction to analyze the founder mutation, BRCA1 c.3171_3175dup (c.3171ins5), which is most common in this geographic area and four other common Scandinavian BRCA1 gene mutations and one BRCA2 mutation. Together, account these mutations for approximately 75% of the BRCA1/2 gene mutations in the clinical unit. Ninteen percent (95% confidence interval (CI) 14-24%) of the women carried one of the analyzed BRCA1 gene mutations but none of the women were positive for the analyzed BRCA2 mutation. One-third of the women with both tumors before age 60 were mutation carriers. BRCA1 c.3171_3175dup (c.3171ins5) constituted 84% of all identified mutations. Although the majority of breast cancers were invasive ductal and atypical medullary types, a variety of other breast malignancies were seen among mutation carriers. Serous ovarian carcinomas predominated among ovarian tumors. A variety of other ovarian tumors, including three granulosa-theca cell tumors, were also observed among mutation carriers. The occurrence of both breast and ovarian cancer in a woman is associated with a high likelihood of a constitutional BRCA1 mutation. These women and their families might therefore be considered for mutation screening after appropriate genetic counselling.
    Familial Cancer 02/2007; 6(1):35-41. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical and morphological effects of radiotherapy in the treatment of myxoid/round cell liposarcoma (MLS/RCLS). Thirty-three primary and metastatic MLS/RCLS tumours in 15 patients were treated with radiation therapy. Twenty-seven of the 33 tumours were surgically removed after preoperative radiation (34-46 Gy) while six tumours were treated with radiotherapy alone (44-60 Gy). The pretreatment diagnosis was established in all 15 patients based on fine needle aspirates or histological findings. Tumour size was measured by CT or MRI before and after radiotherapy in 30 tumours. Thirteen tumours from 11 patients were genetically characterised before and/or after radiation therapy. Twenty-three of 30 irradiated tumours showed a median reduction in tumour volume of 52% and seven lesions a median progression of 36%. All 27 surgically removed tumours revealed histological features of radiation response. The most striking morphological changes were lipoma-like appearance, paucicellularity and hyalinisation. Twelve of 13 tumours analysed before and/or after radiation therapy showed the FUS-DDIT3 translocation. Radiation therapy of MLS/RCLS induces histopathologic accumulation of mature lipoma-like areas and tumour volume reduction that may facilitate resectability.
    Acta Oncologica 02/2007; 46(6):838-45. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Desmoid tumors have a tendency to recur locally, and traditionally they have been treated surgically. No treatment is sometimes indicated, however; this requires a morphological diagnosis that is not based on a surgical specimen. In this study we aimed to identify the diagnostic accuracy of needle and core biopsy for the morphological diagnosis of desmoid. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and core needle biopsy (CNB) in 69 and 26 patients, respectively, who had had surgical resections for desmoid. We also reviewed 15 additional cases that had been incorrectly diagnosed as desmoid on FNA but which had different diagnoses after surgery. FNA-based diagnoses of desmoid/fibromatosis were rendered in 35 of 69 cases, and other benign spindle cell proliferations in 26 cases and spindle cell sarcoma in the remaining 4 cases. All 26 CNBs were either suggested to correspond to desmoid (24) or other benign spindle cell lesions (2). Of the 15 FNAs incorrectly diagnosed as desmoid, 2 were found to be sarcomas. FNA is fairly reliable for recognition of the benign nature of desmoids. Occasional over- and under-diagnosis of malignancy can occur, however. CNB appears to be more reliable.
    Acta Orthopaedica 01/2007; 77(6):926-31. · 2.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
215.47 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 2009–2012
    • Lund University
      • Department of Clinical Genetics
      Lund, Skane, Sweden
  • 2011
    • UCL Eastman Dental Institute
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
    • Leiden University Medical Centre
      • Department of Pathology
      Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2006–2011
    • The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
      Birmingham, England, United Kingdom
  • 2010
    • University of Birmingham
      Birmingham, England, United Kingdom
  • 2002–2006
    • Sahlgrenska University Hospital
      Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden
  • 2002–2003
    • University of Gothenburg
      • Department of Pathology
      Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden
    • University of Occupational and Environmental Health
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology and Oncology
      Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka-ken, Japan