[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are autoimmune diseases characterized by symmetrical proximal muscle weakness. Our aim was to identify a correlation between VDR polymorphisms or haplotypes and myositis. We studied VDR-BsmI, VDR-ApaI, VDR-TaqI, and VDR-FokI polymorphisms and haplotypes in 89 Hungarian poly-/dermatomyositis patients (69 females) and 93 controls (52 females). We did not obtain any significant differences for VDR-FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI genotypes and allele frequencies between patients with myositis and healthy individuals. There was no association of VDR polymorphisms with clinical manifestations and laboratory profiles in myositis patients. Men with myositis had a significantly different distribution of BB, Bb, and bb genotypes than female patients, control male individuals, and the entire control group. Distribution of TT, Tt, and tt genotypes was significantly different in males than in females in patient group. According to four-marker haplotype prevalence, frequencies of sixteen possible haplotypes showed significant differences between patient and control groups. The three most frequent haplotypes in patients were the fbAt, FBaT, and fbAT. Our findings may reveal that there is a significant association: Bb and Tt genotypes can be associated with myositis in the Hungarian population we studied. We underline the importance of our result in the estimated prevalence of four-marker haplotypes.
BioMed Research International 01/2015; 2015:809895. · 2.71 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The vitamin D is involved in a wide variety of biological processes including bone metabolism, modulation of the immune response, and regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. Vitamin D has several immunomodulatory effects through vitamin D receptor (VDR). A series of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vitamin D receptor gene have been linked to numerous of diseases, including osteoarthritis, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, tuberculosis, virus infections, urinary stones, and periodontitis. Several studies have reported that genetic variations of VDR might be a risk factor for the development of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), multiple sclerosis (MS), psoriasis, and autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD). However, no data is available on the possible relationship between primary Sjögren's syndrome and VDR gene polymorphisms. Our aim was to determine VDR gene BsmI, ApaI, TaqI, and FokI polymorphism genotypes in pSS patients and healthy controls to analyze whether a relationship exists between polymorphisms in the VDR gene and susceptibility to Sjögren's syndrome. In the current study, 105 patients with pSS and 93 healthy controls were tested for VDR gene polymorphisms (BsmI, ApaI, TaqI, and FokI) genotypes. There were no statistical differences in the distribution of BsmI, TaqI, ApaI, and FokI genotypes and the common haplotypes between pSS patients and healthy controls. We hypothesized that the TaqI, BsmI, ApaI, and FokI polymorphisms of the VDR gene are not associated with the development of primary Sjögren's syndrome in the Hungarian population studied.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MicroRNA-146a (miR-146a) is a microRNA supposed to regulate innate immune, inflammatory response and antiviral pathway negatively. Recently, its potential use as a biomarker for disease diagnosis, prevention and treatment has become widely investigated. In the current study, we measured the expression of miR-146a/b, and their target genes, IRAK1, IRAK4, TRAF6 in the peripheral mononuclear cells of patients with Sjögren's syndrome (n=21) and healthy controls (n=10) by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. We found that both miR-146a and miR-146b, furthermore, the gene of TRAF6 were significantly overexpressed in the Sjögren's patients, whereas the expression of IRAK1 gene was significantly decreased. The expression of IRAK4 did not differ significantly. These results suggest that in the peripheral mononuclear cells of Sjögren's patients, the transcriptional repression of IRAK1 is taking place, whereas the other NF-κB pathway regulating gene, TRAF6 is overexpressed. As IRAK1 has been regarded a crucial gene in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus, TRAF6 can be a Sjögren's syndrome specific biomarker, confirming and partly explaining the existance of different pathogenic pathways in the two diseases. These observations, however, need still wider confirmations.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HLA-DRB1*03 is strongly associated with anti-Jo-1-positive idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and there is now increasing evidence that Jo-1 antigen is preferentially expressed in lung tissue. This study examined whether smoking was associated with the development of anti-Jo-1 antibodies in HLA-DRB1*03-positive IIM.
IIM cases were selected with concurrent information regarding HLA-DRB1 status, smoking history and anti-Jo-1 antibody status. DNA was genotyped at DRB1 using a commercial sequence-specific oligonucleotide kit. Anti-Jo-1 antibody status was established using a line blot assay or immunoprecipitation.
557 Caucasian IIM patients were recruited from Hungary (181), UK (99), Sweden (94) and Czech Republic (183). Smoking frequency was increased in anti-Jo-1-positive IIM cases, and reached statistical significance in Hungarian IIM (45% Jo-1-positive vs 17% Jo-1-negative, OR 3.94, 95% CI 1.53 to 9.89, p<0.0001). A strong association between HLA-DRB1*03 and anti-Jo-1 status was observed across all four cohorts (DRB1*03 frequency: 74% Jo-1-positive vs 35% Jo-1-negative, OR 5.55, 95% CI 3.42 to 9.14, p<0.0001). The frequency of HLA-DRB1*03 was increased in smokers. The frequency of anti-Jo-1 was increased in DRB1*03-positive smokers vs DRB1*03-negative non-smokers (42% vs 8%, OR 7.75, 95% CI 4.21 to 14.28, p<0.0001) and DRB1*03-positive non-smokers (42% vs 31%, p=0.08). In DRB1*03-negative patients, anti-Jo-1 status between smokers and non-smokers was not significantly different. No significant interaction was noted between smoking and DRB1*03 status using anti-Jo-1 as the outcome measure.
Smoking appears to be associated with an increased risk of possession of anti-Jo-1 in HLA-DRB1*03-positive IIM cases. The authors hypothesise that an interaction between HLA-DRB1*03 and smoking may prime the development of anti-Jo-1 antibodies.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 12/2011; 71(6):961-5. · 9.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The addition of rituximab to conventional chemotherapy has significantly improved the treatment outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. However, differences in treatment response and survival data can be observed independently from the International Prognostic Index scores. The current study evaluated the impact of Fc-gamma-receptor IIIa polymorphism and gene expression profile on the response of DLBCL patients to R-CHOP therapy as well as on their survival results. Fifty-one patients were involved, thirty-two females, nineteen males, their median age was 53.1 years. The FCGR3A polymorphism at the 158. amino acid position determined with PCR method showed the following results: VV: 12 cases (23.5%), VF: 29 cases (56.8%) and FF: 10 cases (19.6%), respectively. There was no significant difference between the treatment responses of the three groups. The event-free survival data were less favorable in the F-allele carriers than in V/V homozygous patients, but without any significancy, and the overall survival curves were almost the same. As for the gene expression profile, 20 patients' biopsy specimens showed germinal center and 31 showed non-germinal center characteristics. Treatment results did not differ from each other in the two groups. Both the event-free and the overall survival data were more favorable in the GC group, however the differences were not significant. Our results contest the predictive value of Fc-gamma-receptor IIIa polymorphism and gene expression profile in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Pathology & Oncology Research 06/2011; 18(1):43-8. · 1.56 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nous rapportons le cas d’une patiente ayant présenté une polymyosite avec présence d’anticorps anti-Jo1 associée à un adénocarcinome pulmonaire. Le diagnostic de polymyosite a reposé sur les symptômes, les résultats électromyographiques et l’élévation des enzymes musculaires dont la créatine kinase et la lactate déhydrogenase. La positivité des anticorps anti-Jo1, l’hyperleucocytose et l’élévation des marqueurs tumoraux CA 15-3 et CA 72-4 ont également permis le diagnostic positif. Le caractère malin de la tumeur a été confirmé par la biopsie transthoracique à l’aiguille, réalisée deux ans après l’apparition des premiers signes cliniques de polymyosite. Après l’exérèse tumorale, la polymyosite était en rémission. Étant donnés les symptômes et la survenue concomitante de la tumeur et de la polymyosite, une origine paranéoplasique a été suspectée.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a female with anti-Jo-1 positive polymyositis and lung adenocarcinoma. Her polymyositis diagnosis was based on her clinical symptoms, electromyography results, and highly elevated muscle enzymes, including creatine kinase and lactate-dehydrogenase. Anti-Jo-1 positivity, leukocytosis and elevated tumor markers: CA 15-3 and CA 72-4 were also certified at the diagnosis. Her malignancy was finally diagnosed by transthoracic needle biopsy, two years after the appearance of first symptoms of polymyositis. After surgical removal of the tumor, polymyositis was in remission. Due to the symptoms mentioned above and the coincidence of the tumor, a paraneoplastic myositis was suspected.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the genetic, clinical and serological characteristics of systemic sclerosis (SSc)-rheumatoid arthritis (RA) overlap syndrome.
Clinical manifestations and immunolaboratory features of 22 SSc-RA patients were assessed. The HLA-DR genotype of the 22 SSc-RA patients determined by SSP-PCR was compared with that of 38 SSc patients, 100 RA patients and 50 healthy controls.
All overlap patients fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SSc and RA. Five of the 22 patients (23%) had diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) and 17 patients (77%) had limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc). Antinuclear antibody, anti-Scl70, IgM rheumatoid factor and anti-CCP antibody positivity were detected in 22 (100%), 5 (23%), 16 (73%) and 18 patients (82%), respectively. Seventeen patients (77%) had pulmonary fibrosis, 12 (55%) had oesophageal dismotility, 11 (50%) had cardiac and five (23%) had renal involvement. Hand joint destruction was observed in 18 patients (82%). Significantly increased frequencies of HLA-DR3 (36% vs 5%), HLA-DR7 (9% vs 4%), HLA-DR11 (36% vs 7%) and HLA-DRw53 (23% vs 5%) were observed in SSc-RA compared with RA patients (P < 0.05). Allele frequencies of the 'shared epitope' (HLA-DR1 and -DR4) were significantly increased in SSc-RA (32% and 27%, respectively) and RA patients (46% and 31%, respectively) in comparison with SSc patients (10.5% and 16%, respectively) or healthy controls (16% and 14%, respectively) (P < 0.05).
To date this is the largest SSc-RA overlap cohort. Genetics, clinical and immunolaboratory features suggest a mixed phenotype. Our data suggest that SSc-RA overlap syndrome may be a distinct genetic, immunological and clinical entity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is commonly associated with decreased bone mineral density (BMD) due to numerous factors. BsmI polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene has been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Vitamin D has several immunomodulatory effects and thus may play a role in the course of arthritis. However, little data is available on the possible relationship between RA and VDR gene polymorphisms. In this study, the frequency of BsmI polymorphism genotypes were compared with that found in other countries. In this study, 64 RA patients and 40 healthy controls were tested for VDR gene BsmI polymorphism genotypes. Frequencies of B and b alleles were associated with markers of bone metabolism and RA. Among control subjects, the frequency of the BB genotype is relatively high (27.5%). In RA with secondary osteopenia/osteoporosis the BB genotype was more rare, the bb was more common than in control subjects. Markers of bone metabolism were associated with the B allele. RA patients carrying the B allele had lower BMD and increased bone loss over 1 year. The B allele was also correlated with increased osteoclast and osteoblast function, as determined by the assessment of biochemical markers of bone metabolism. Rheumatoid factor titer, which is an independent marker for disease progression in RA, was higher in bb patients. Our data suggest, that the imbalance in B and b allele expression may be involved in the pathogenesis of RA-associated osteoporosis. The possible involvement of vitamin D and VDR gene polymorphisms in the development and progression of RA needs further elucidation.
Rheumatology International 10/2006; 26(11):964-71. · 1.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe a unique family where each of the 5 siblings in the second generation has rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Two other members of the family have RA and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), respectively. No members of previous generations in the family had documented inflammatory arthritis. Due to the suspected genetic predisposition, HLA-DR genotypes were determined in the affected siblings and their parents, children, and grandchildren. We investigated the possible role of various HLA-DR alleles in the evolution of RA in this multicase family.
HLA-DRB1* alleles were determined by polymerase chain reaction using the sequence-specific primer-Olerup method.
The most common alleles in the 6 persons with RA were HLA-DRB1*07 and DRB1*15, which are known to be protective and neutral in RA. No patient or family member carried any HLA-DR4 alleles.
HLA-DRB1*07 and DRB1*15 alleles are thought to be protective or neutral in RA. However, the majority of RA patients in the family and nearly half of all family members carried these alleles, suggesting a role of these genotypes in susceptibility to RA. No RA patient in this family carried HLA-DR4 alleles. Thus, in our rare family with 6 RA cases, an unexpected genetic background may be involved in the increased susceptibility to inflammatory arthritis.
The Journal of Rheumatology 01/2006; 32(12):2299-302. · 3.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Susceptibility to and outcome for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been associated with particular HLA-DR alleles, but these alleles vary among ethnic groups and geographic areas. The frequency of HLA-DR1 (HLA-DRB1*0101, DRB1*0102) and HLA-DR4 (DRB1*0401, DRB1*0404) alleles is elevated among Caucasian patients with RA. We studied a northeastern Hungarian population of RA patients to determine the frequency of HLA-DR1 and HLA-DR4 phenotypes in this population and to compare it with healthy control subjects, as well as to investigate whether the presence of these alleles could be a marker for RA. We performed HLA-DRB1 genotyping (DRB1*01-DRB1*16) in 83 RA patients and 55 healthy controls using polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP). In the case of HLA-DR1- or HLA-DR4-positive patients, the DR1 and DR4 subtypes were also determined. The frequency of HLA-DR4 alleles was significantly higher in RA patients than in controls (31.3 vs. 10.9%; P <.05). HLA-DR1, in particular, tended to be more frequent in patients than in controls (32.5 vs. 18.1%). Among the HLA-DR4 subtypes, DRB1*0401 and DRB1*0404 were the most common alleles found in both groups. However, no significant differences were seen in the frequency of HLA-DRB1*0401 and HLA-DRB1*0404 between RA patients and controls. In contrast, HLA-DRB1*0405 and HLA-DRB1*0408 were significantly more common in RA patients than in control subjects. Among HLA-DR1 subtypes, the DRB1*0101 allele was most commonly detected, but HLA-DRB1*0101 as well as DRB1*0102 and DRB1*0105 were similarly frequent in RA patients and controls. HLA-DR12 was more common among controls than in RA patients (18.1 vs. 0%; P <.05). Our results generally agree with the findings in other Caucasian populations. Nonetheless, we found differences in the frequency of HLA-DR1 and HLA-DR4 subtypes among Hungarian patients compared with reports from other geographic regions (e.g., Finland and Asia). Our data suggest that in northeastern Hungary, HLA-DR4 as well as its subtypes DRB1*0405 and DRB1*0408 may be involved in susceptibility to RA, but HLA-DR1 may not. In addition, the presence of HLA-DR12, at least in Hungary, may protect from this disease.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 06/2005; 1051:263-70. · 4.31 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The genes for the human ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter ABCA7 and the minor histocompatibility antigen HA-1 are juxtaposed in close proximity on chromosome 19p13.3. The multispan transmembrane protein ABCA7 contains an extracellular domain that is recognized by antisera from patients with Sjögren's syndrome ("Sjögren-epitope"). Recent work from our laboratory demonstrating the involvement of ABCA7 in cellular ceramide and phosphatidylserine export suggests a role for this transporter in programmed cell death. In HA-1, a protein of unknown function, a His/Arg polymorphism (His168Arg), which constitutes the immunologic target for HA-1-specific cytotoxic T cells, has been causatively linked to graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Because these findings suggest a potential implication of ABCA7 and HA-1 in immune processes, we tested the hypothesis that allelic variants in both genes are associated with autoimmune disorders. We identified a total of 31 exonic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the ABCA7/HA-1 gene complex, nine of which represent non-synonymous nucleotide alterations. Genotypes of ABCA7 and HA-1 SNP were determined in three distinct Caucasian populations of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome and ethnically matched controls. Comparison of allele frequencies between these groups revealed that the incidence of the HA-1 168His allele is significantly lower in Sjögren's syndrome patients than in controls (p<0.003). In contrast, the frequencies of all ABCA7 allelic variants and additional HA-1 polymorphisms were similar in patients and controls. In cohorts of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, no significant differences in the frequencies of ABCA7 and HA-1 allelic variants were observed relative to controls. Our results suggest that the HA-1 168His variant is associated with reduced susceptibility to primary Sjögren's syndrome.
European Journal of Immunology 01/2005; 35(1):305-17. · 4.52 Impact Factor