ABSTRACT: The rheologic properties of aqueous solutions and gels of Tetronic 1508 were investigated as a function of polymer concentration and temperature utilizing rotational viscometry. Below the sol–gel transition temperature the polymer solutions were low in viscosity and exhibited Newtonian rheologic behavior even at concentrations of 20 and 25% (w/w). Upon sol–gel transition, the more concentrated polymer solutions underwent a dramatic four- to five-orders of magnitude increase in viscosity, resulting in the formation of a rigid gel structure. Above the sol-gel transition temperature, the gels displayed pseudoplastic and plastic rheologic properties and the viscosity of the gels remained at a relatively constant value over a wide temperature range. Eventually, the thermal energy of the system exceeded the bonding forces within the gel structure, resulting in a gel–sol transition which was marked by a dramatic decrease in the viscosity of the system. Above the gel–sol transition temperature, the system reverted to a Newtonian fluid with viscosities very similar to those found for the Tetronic 1508 solutions at temperatures below the sol–gel transition temperature. The thermodynamic implications of the gel–sol transition are discussed.
Pharmaceutical Research 02/1991; 8(3):345-349. · 4.09 Impact Factor