Rong-zhen Xu

Zhejiang University, Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (19)22.63 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Liver cancer is the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide but no effective treatment toward liver cancer is available so far. Therefore, there is an unmet medical need to identify novel therapies to efficiently treat liver cancer and improve the prognosis of this disease. Here we report that berbamine (BBM) and one of its derivatives, bbd24, potently suppressed liver cancer cell proliferation and induced cancer cell death by targeting Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CAMKII). Furthermore, BBM inhibited the in vivo tumorigenicity of liver cancer cells in NOD/SCID mice, and down-regulated the self-renewal abilities of liver cancer initiating cells. Chemical inhibition or short hairpin RNAs-mediated knockdown of CAMKII recapitulated the effects of BBM, while overexpression of CAMKII promoted cancer cell proliferation and increased the resistance of liver cancer cells to BBM treatments. Western blot analyses of human liver cancer specimens showed that CAMKII was hyperphosphorylated in liver tumors compared with the paired peri-tumor tissues, which supports a role of CAMKII in promoting human liver cancer progression and the potential clinical use of BBM for liver cancer therapies. Our data suggests that BBM and its derivatives are promising agents to suppress liver cancer growth by targeting CAMKII.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 08/2013; 12(10). DOI:10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-13-0314 · 6.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the effects of tetrandrine citrate, a novel tetrandrine salt with high water solubility, on the growth of imatinib (IM)-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in vitro and in vivo, and reveal action molecular mechanisms. Methods: Cell viability in vitro was measured using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. CML cell growth in vivo was assessed using a xenograft model in nude mice. Bcr-Abl and β-catenin protein levels were determined using Western blotting. Bcr-Abl messenger RNA (mRNA) was measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to determine cell cycle status. Results: Tetrandrine citrate inhibited the growth of IM-resistant K562 cells, primary leukemia cells, and primitive CD34(+) leukemia cells, and their inhibition concentration that inhibited 50% of target cells (IC(50)) ranged from 1.20 to 2.97 μg/ml. In contrast, tetrandrine citrate did not affect normal blood cells under the same conditions, and IC(50) values were about 10.12-13.11 μg/ml. Oral administration of tetrandrine citrate caused complete regression of IM-resistant K562 xenografts in nude mice without overt toxicity. Western blot results revealed that treatment of IM-resistant K562 cells with tetrandrine citrate resulted in a significant decrease of both p210(Bcr-Abl) and β-catenin proteins, but IM did not affect the Bcr-Abl protein levels. Proteasome inhibitor, MG132, did not prevent tetrandrine-mediated decrease of the p210(Bcr-Abl) protein. RT-PCR results showed that tetrandrine treatment caused a decrease of Bcr-Abl mRNA. FCM analysis indicated that tetrandrine induced gap 1 (G(1)) arrest in CML cells. Conclusions: Tetrandrine citrate is a novel orally active tetrandrine salt with potent anti-tumor activity against IM-resistant K562 cells and CML cells. Tetrandrine citrate-induced growth inhibition of leukemia cells may be involved in the depletion of p210(Bcr-Abl) mRNA and β-catenin protein.
    Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 11/2012; 13(11):867-74. DOI:10.1631/jzus.B1200021 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 09/2012; 13(9). DOI:10.1631/jzus.B1200110 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Persistent Jak/Stat3 signal transduction plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and immune development. Activated Jak/Stat3 signaling has been validated as a promising molecular target for cancer therapeutics discovery and development. Berbamine (BBM), a natural bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid, was identified from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine Berberis amurensis used for treatment of cancer patients. While BBM has been shown to have potent antitumor activities with low toxicity in various cancer types, the molecular mechanism of action of BBM remains largely unknown. Here, we determine the antitumor activities of 13 synthetic berbamine derivatives (BBMDs) against human solid tumor cells. BBMD3, which is the most potent in this series of novel BBMDs, exhibits over 6-fold increase in biological activity compared to natural BBM. Moreover, BBMD3, directly inhibits Jak2 autophosphorylation kinase activity in vitro with IC(50)0.69μM. Autophosphorylation of Jak2 kinase at Tyr1007/1008 sites also was strongly inhibited in the range of 15μM of BBMD3 in human melanoma cells at 4h after treatment. Following inhibition of autophosphorylation of Jak2, BBMD3 blocked constitutive activation of downstream Stat3 signaling in melanoma cells. BBMD3 also down-regulated expression of the Stat3 target proteins Mcl-1and Bcl-x(L), associated with induction of apoptosis. In sum, our findings demonstrate that the novel berbamine derivative BBMD3 is an inhibitor of the Jak2/Stat3 signaling pathway, providing evidence for a molecular mechanism whereby BBMD3 exerts at least in part the apoptosis of human melanoma cells. In addition, BBMD3 represents a promising lead compound for development of new therapeutics for cancer treatment.
    Molecular oncology 06/2012; 6(5):484-93. DOI:10.1016/j.molonc.2012.05.002 · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the inhibitory effect of 4-chlorobenzoyl berbamine (BBD9) on imatinib-resistant cell line K562 (K562/IR) in vitro and in vivo and explore the mechanisms. The IC50 of BBD9 and berbamine (BBM) was determined by MTT assay. The expressions of p210(Bcr-Abl), IKKa, cytoplasmic and nuclear NF-κBp65 were determined using Western blotting in K562/IR cells following a 48-h exposure to 0.5 µg/ml BBD9 or 8 µg/ml BBM. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell viability, apoptosis and necrosis; Western blotting was employed to determine the expressions of PARP, caspase-3, caspase-9 and LC3II in K562/IR cells exposed to different concentrations of BBD9 for 48 h. In nude mouse models bearing K562/IR cell xenograft, the tumor weight, tumor regression, and body weight changes of the mice were measured after treatments with 15 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg BBD9 and 100 mg/kg imatinib. The IC50 of BBD9 and BBM was 0.73 µg/ml and 5.43 µg/ml, respectively. In K562/IR cell cultures, the expressions of p210(Bcr-Abl), IKKa and nuclear NF-κB p65 were all decreased following BBD9 and BBM treatments, but BBD9 produced more potent effect; cytoplasmic NF-κB p65 showed no obvious changes after the treatments. The cell apoptosis and necrosis increased with the concentrations of BBD9, which also dose-dependently increased the levels of cleaved caspase-3, csapase-9, PARP, and LC3II expression. In the tumor-bearing mouse model, BBD9 showed stronger effects than imatinib in reducing the tumor weight, promoting tumor regression, and increasing the body weight. BBD9 can effectively inhibit the growth of K562/IR cells in vitro and in vivo by activating cell apoptosis, necrosis and autophage pathways, down-regulating expressions of p210(Bcr-Abl) and IKKa and suppressing the cytoplasm-to- nucleus translocation of NF-κBp65.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 12/2011; 31(12):1997-2001.
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    Yun Liang, Xi Qiu, Rong-zhen Xu, Xiao-ying Zhao
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    ABSTRACT: The cytotoxic effect of berbamine on chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell line KU812 was evaluated, and the mechanisms of its action were explored. The effect of berbamine on the KU812 cell growth was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Flow cytometry was used to profile cell cycle alteration upon berbamine treatment. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was carried out to determine the transcripts of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) receptors (TβRs), Smad3, c-Myc, cyclin D1, p21(Cip1)(p21), and p27(Kip1)(p27). Changes in the protein levels of total Smad3, phosphorylated Smad3, the downstream targets of Smad3, and specific apoptosis-related factors were evaluated by Western blotting. Berbamine inhibited KU812 cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC₅₀) values for treatments of 24, 48, and 72 h were 5.83, 3.43, and 0.75 μg/ml, respectively. Berbamine induced G₁ arrest as well as apoptosis in KU812 cells. Transcriptions of Smad3 and p21 were up-regulated, while those of TβRI, TβRII, c-Myc, cyclin D1 and p27 were not changed significantly. The protein levels of both total Smad3 and phosphorylated Smad3 were both up-regulated after berbamine treatment, together with decreased c-Myc and cyclin D1 and increased p21. Meanwhile, the levels of the anti-apoptotic proteins, such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, were decreased, whereas pro-apoptotic Bax was increased. Berbamine suppresses KU812 cell proliferation through induction of cell cycle arrest in G₁ and apoptosis. It activates Smad3 without additional stimulation of TGF-β, and alters the levels of the Smad3 downstream targets, including c-Myc, cyclin D1 and p21. Our findings suggest that berbamine is a promising drug in the treatment of advanced stage patients with CML.
    Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 07/2011; 12(7):568-74. DOI:10.1631/jzus.B1000230 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to investigate the effect of berbamine on the growth of human multiple myeloma cell line KM3 and elucidate the mechanism of its action. MTT assay was used to determine the inhibitory effect of berbamine alone or combined with chemotherapeutic drugs. Flow cytometry was performed to characterize cell cycle profile in response to berbamine treatment. Western blot was used to measure the protein levels of p65, IkappaB Kinase alpha (IKKalpha), TNFAIP3 (A20), IkappaBalpha, p-IkappaBalpha, cyclinD1, Bcl-2, BAX, Bcl-x(L), Bid, and survivin. Berbamine inhibits the proliferation of KM3 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Combination of berbamine with dexamethasone (Dex), doxorubicin (Dox) or arsenic trioxide (ATO) resulted in enhanced inhibition of cell growth. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that KM3 cells were arrested at G(1) phase and apoptotic cells increased from 0.54% to 51.83% for 36 h. Morphological changes of cells undergoing apoptosis were observed under light microscope. Berbamine treatment led to increased expression of A20, down-regulation of IKKalpha, p-IkappaBalpha, and followed by inhibition of p65 nuclear localization. As a result, NF-kappaB downstream targets such as cyclinD1, Bcl-x(L), Bid and survivin were down-regulated. Berbamine inhibits the growth of KM3 cells by inducing G(1) arrest as well as apoptosis. Berbamine blocks NF-kappaB signaling pathway through up-regulating A20, down-regulating IKKalpha, p-IkappaBalpha, and then inhibiting p65 nuclear translocation, and resulting in decreased expression of the downstream targets of NF-kappaB. Our results suggest that berbamine is a novel inhibitor of NF-kappaB activity with remarkable anti-myeloma efficacy.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 12/2009; 30(12):1659-65. DOI:10.1038/aps.2009.167 · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of berbamine (BBM) on multiple myeloma (MM) cell line RPMI 8226 and its mechanism. MTT bioassay was used to examine the effect of berbamine on cell growth and IC(50) was calculated. Apoptosis was observed by flow cytometry (FCM) and DNA gelose electrophoresis. p53, p21, GADD45 mRNA were measured by RT-PCR. The alterations in p53, J NK, p-JNK and c-Jun proteins were detected by Western blot method. The growth of RPMI 8226 cells was suppressed in a dose-dependent manner after treatment with BBM(P<0.05), and its IC(50) value was 3.83 microg/ml at 48 h. Both DNA ladder and FCM results showed that BBM induced apoptosis of RPMI 8226 cells with concomitant increase of activated p53, p21 and GADD45gamma mRNA. After treatment with BBM at 8 microg/ml for 24 h, the percentage of apoptotic cells increased from 1.07% to 24.84%. p-JNK and c-Jun proteins were activated. BBM can inhibit the growth of RPMI 8226 cells, which is associated with activation of GADD45/JNK signaling pathway and induction of cell apoptosis.
    Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences 09/2009; 38(5):439-44.
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    ABSTRACT: Berbamine, a natural compound from the plant Berberis amurensis, is a traditional Chinese medicine mainly used in stimulating normal hematopoiesis in clinic. Our previous studies demonstrated that berbamine has anti-leukemia activity. In this study, we investigated the anticancer activity of berbamine against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells in vitro and in vivo. Berbamine treatment decreased the cell growth in a dose-dependent manner with an IC(50) value of 34.5 +/- 0.5 microM. Flow cytometric analysis of apoptosis using Annexin V/propidium iodide staining showed that the percentage of apoptotic cells was increased in a time-dependent manner. Berbamine treatment increased the expression level of Fas and P53, caused depolarization of mitochondrial membrane and decrease of membrane potential, and activated caspase-3, -8, and -9 in HepG2 cells. Berbamine-induced apoptosis could be blocked by the broad caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk. HepG2 human HCC xenograft mice treated with berbamine showed a significant reduction in tumor growth rates compared to saline-treated mice. These studies suggest that berbamine exerts anticancer effects on human HCC HepG2 cells in vivo and in vitro, the induction of p53 and the activity of the Fas apoptotic system may participate in the anticancer activity of berbamine in HepG2 cells.
    Journal of Asian natural products research 02/2009; 11(3):219-28. DOI:10.1080/10286020802675076 · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of berbamine on human hepatoma cell line SMMC7721. The effects of 24 h and 48 h incubation with different concentrations (0 to approximately 64 microg/ml) of the berbamine on SMMC7721 cells were evaluated using 3-4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Hoechst 33258 staining was conducted to distinguish the apoptotic cell, and the appearance of sub-G1 stage was determined by PI (propidium iodide) staining, the percentage of apoptotic cell was determined by flow cytometry following annexin V/PI staining. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze the cell cycle distribution and the mitochondrial membrane potential (psi(m)); the expression of activated caspase3 and caspase9 was analyzed by Western-blot. The proliferation of SMMC7721 was decreased after treatment with berbamine in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Berbamine could induce apoptosis in SMMC7721 cells and could cause cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase, to induce loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (psi(m)) and activate caspase3 and caspase9. Berbamine-induced apoptosis could be blocked by the broad caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk. Berbamine exerts antiproliferative effects on human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC7721 cells. The anticancer activity of berbamine could be attributed partly to its inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis in cancer cells through loss in mitochondrial transmembrane potential and caspase activation.
    Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 05/2007; 8(4):248-55. DOI:10.1631/jzus.2007.B0248 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Currently, resistance and relapse are still major problems in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cases. Thus, new agents that override the resistance are crucial to the development of curative therapies for APL. In this study, we investigated the effects of berbamine on the proliferation of APL cell line NB4 and its possible mechanisms. NB4 cells were treated with berbamine at different concentrations (0-64 microg/ml) for 72 hours. MTT assay was used to determine proliferation inhibition of NB4 cells. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by both flow cytometry (FCM) and morphological examination. PML/RAR-alpha and survivin mRNAs were measured by nested-RT-PCR and RT-PCR, respectively. Activated-caspase 3 was determined by FCM. Berbamine greatly inhibited the proliferation of NB4 cells in dose- and time-dependent manners, and its IC50 value was 3.86 microg/ml at 48 hours. Both morphological observations and FCM results showed that berbamine induced apoptosis of NB4 cells with concomitant increase of activated caspase-3 and decrease of survivin mRNA. After treatment with berbamine at 8 microg/ml for 48 hours, the percentage of apoptotic cells increased from 2.83% to 58.44% (P<0.01), and the percentage of cells with activated-caspase 3 elevated from 2.06% to 70.89% (P<0.01), whereas, level of survivin mRNA was reduced to 38.24% of control (P<0.01). However, no significant change was observed in PML/RAR-alpha mRNA. Berbamine induces caspase-3-dependent apoptosis of leukemia NB4 cells via survivin-mediated pathway, suggesting that berbamine may be a novel potential agent against APL with a mechanism distinct from that of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO).
    Chinese medical journal 05/2007; 120(9):802-6. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the mechanism of apoptosis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells induced by the novel p210 bcr/abl inhibitor berbamine. Human Ph+ CML leukemia K562 cells, which express endogenous p210 bcr/abl protein, were cultured in RPMI 1640 and treated with berbamine as indicated time and dose. Flow cytometry (FCM) and Annexin-V-Fluos/PI staining kit were used to evaluate the apoptosis of leukemic cells; FCM and cytoperm/cytofix plus Caspase-3-McAb-PE were employed to measure the leukemic cells with activated Caspase-3. Phosphorylation of p210 bcr/abl protein in the leukemic cells were assessed by a combination of immunoprecipitation (IP) with c-abl antibody and Western blotting with p-Tyr (pY99) antibody. The protein levels of p210 bcr/abl, Hsp90 and Hsp70 in the leukemic cells were determined by Western blotting with antibodies to c-abl, Hsp90, and Hsp70 respectively. After treatment with berbamine at 8 microg/ml for 48 h, the percentages of leukemic cells expressing activated caspase-3 and apoptotic cells were 45.69% and 48.43% respectively. IP and WB results showed that berbamine at low concentration markedly inhibited phosphorylation of p210 bcr/abl protein in the leukemia cells, and the amount of phosphorylated p210 bcr/abl in the leukemia cells exposed to berbamine at 8 microg/ml for 6 h were only 8.41% of that of untreated leukemia cells without the protein levels of p210 bcr/abl down-regulated. Significantly, berbamine also down-regulated chaperone Hsp90 protein, and the amount of Hsp90 protein in the leukemia cells treated with berbamine at 8 microg/ml for 48 h accounted for 18.37% of that of the untreated leukemia cells. Berbamine at 8 microg/ml had no obvious effect on chaperone Hsp70 protein expression associated with the resistance of leukemia cells to apoptosis. (1) Berbamine induces caspase-3-mediated apoptosis of Ph+ leukemia cells through inhibiting phosphorylation of p210 bcr/abl protein and down-regulating its chaperone Hsp90 protein. (2) Unlike Hsp90 inhibitor GA that upregulates Hsp70, berbamine has no obvious effect on chaperone Hsp70 protein expression in leukemia cells, suggesting that berbamine may be a novel class of Hsp90 inhibitor, and further study is required.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 09/2006; 86(32):2246-51.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine effects of berbamine on the growth of leukemia cell line NB4 and explore its possible mechanisms. The growth of NB4 cells was examined with MTT assay. Morphological analysis and DNA agarose electrophoresis were used to detect apoptosis in NB4 cells, and the apoptosis rate was measured by flow cytometry. The PML/RAR alpha mRNA was determined by nested-PCR, and the Survivin mRNA was tested by RT-PCR. The expression of caspase 3 protein in NB4 cells was evaluated by flow cytometry. The growth of NB4 cells was inhibited significantly after treated with berbamine at different concentrations for different time points, the IC(50)value was 3.860 microg/ml at 48 hours. Morphology analysis showed the characteristics of apoptosis, and the DNA agarose electrophoresis showed the typical DNA ladder. The apoptosis rate increased from 2.83% to 58.44% after treated with berbamine at 12 microg/ml for 48 hours. The expression of PML/RAR alpha mRNA presented no significant changes, however, Survivin mRNA was decreased dramatically. The protein expression of Caspase 3 increased significantly from 2.06% to 70.89% after treated with berberine at a concentration of 12 mug/ml for 48 hours. Berbamine could inhibit the growth of leukemia cell line NB4. The induction of cell apoptosis may be one of the mechanisms for suppressing the growth of leukemia cell line NB4. Inhibition of Survivin mRNA and upregulation of Caspase 3 protein might be also involved in cell apoptosis.
    Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences 04/2006; 35(2):209-14.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression level of Shp-2 tyrosine phosphatase in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and its relationship with the unlimited growth and apoptosis resistance of p210 bcr/abl-induced malignant cells. In this study, p210 bcr/abl positive leukemia cell specimens were obtained from 25 CML cases, meanwhile, bone marrow and peripheral blood cell samples from 8 non-tumor individuals and 10 normal individuals were used as p210 bcr/abl negative controls. K562 and KU812 leukemia cells were used as p210 bcr/abl positive controls, and KG-1 leukemia cell line was used as Shp-2 positive control. Specimens of peripheral blood and bone marrow of 25 adult patients of chronic myelocytic leukemia, 15 males and 10 females, aged 28-64, were collected. Specimens of bone marrow of 8 basically healthy adult volunteers and specimens of peripheral blood of 10 healthy adult volunteers were used as controls. The total cell protein was collected and the expression of Shp-2 was examined by Western blotting. Human leukemia cells of the line K562 were cultured. Shp-2 specific sense and antisense oligonucleotides were added into the culture fluid respectively. The cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry (FCM). STI571, specific inhibitor of p210 bcr/abl was added into the cultured fluid of K562 cells, then Western blotting and FCM were used to detect the protein expression of Shp-2 and p210 bcr/abl, and cell apoptosis. Phospharylated Shp-2 (pShp)-2 protein was overexpressed in 92% (23/25) of the CML cells, but lowly expressed or not expressed in the normal hematopoietic cells. The mean pShp-2 protein/beta-actin ratio of the primary CML leukemia cells was 0.91 +/- 0.62, significantly higher than those of the normal bone marrow cells and peripheral blood hematopoietic cells (0.16 +/- 0.09 and 0.03 +/- 0.05 respectively, both P < 0.01). The apoptotic rates of the CML cells treated by Shp-2 specific antisense oligonucleotide of the concentrations of 1 micromol/L and 4 micromol/L respectively for 72 h was 7.98% and 20.29% respectively, both significantly higher than that of the control group (4.06%, P < 0.01). The number of clone of CML cells treated by 0.25 micromol/L and 1.0 micromol/L Shp-2 specific antisense oligonucleotide for 7 days were 67% (37/60) and 11.9% (5/42) that of the control group. Twenty-four and 48 hours after the stimulation of STI571 the expression level of Shp-2 protein in the CML cells decreased time-dependently and the CML cell apoptotic rates were 31.15% and 38.69% respectively, both lower than that of the control group (33.6%). The number of clone of CML cells effected by 0.25 micromol/L and 1.0 micromol/L Shp-2 specific antisense oligonucleotide for 7 days was 67% (37/60) and 11.9% (5/42) that of the control group. Twenty-four and 48 hours after the stimulation of STI571 the expression level of Shp-2 protein in the CML cells decreased time-dependently and the CML cell apoptotic rates were 31.15% and 38.69% respectively, both lower than that of the control group (33.6%). (1) The pShp-2 protein is overexpressed in CML cells, which is associated with the unlimited growth and apoptosis resistance of malignant cells. (2) Shp-2 is upregulated by p210 bcr/abl oncoprotein in CML.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 08/2005; 85(27):1903-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect and mechanism of berbamine on the apoptosis of multidrug resistant leukemia K562/Adr cells and in reversing the drug resistance. IC50 value of K562/Adr cell was determined with MTT method, cell apoptosis rate was analyzed by flow cytometry with Annexin V FITC-PI assay, with the peak and cell cycle detected by PI staining. At the same time, flow cytometry was also used in determining Caspase-3, P-GP protein expression and drug accumulating capacity in cells, and RT-PCR method was used to analyze the gene expression of mdr-1. Berbamine could inhibit human leukemia K562/Adr cell growth in dose-dependent manner, it could also induce cell apoptosis, increase the protein expression of Caspase-3 and the drug excretion capacity of cells, reduce the mRNA and protein expression levels of mdr-1 gene. Berbamine could activate Caspase-3 to induce human leukemia K562/Adr cell apoptosis, and by reducing mdr-1 gene expression to reverse its multidrug resistance.
    Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban 10/2004; 24(9):820-2.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the antitumor effect of baicalein on human leukemia K562 cell and its mechanism. The IC50 value and cytotoxity of K562 cell were detected by MTT method. The apoptotic cell was analyzed by FCM using Annexin V FITC--PI staining method. Sub-G1 peak was also measured by FCM. Protein expressions of Bcl-2, Fas, Caspase 3 were evaluated with FCM. Baicalein was shown to significantly inhibit the proliferation of K562 cell in a dose-dependent manner and selectively induce apoptosis of human leukemia K562 cells. Flow cytometric analysis showed that baicalein arrested K562 cells in the S phase. In addition, protein expression of Fas, Caspase 3 of K562 cells increased after exposure to baicalein, but Bcl-2 was unchanged. Baicalein can selectively induce apoptosis of human leukemia K562 cell dose and time dependently through up-regulation of caspase-3 and fas gene expression level.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 12/2003; 38(11):817-20.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the potentiality of retroviral etiology in human acute myeloid leukemia(AML). Methods: The expression of clone 6#11 in leukemic cell samples from 19 AML cases and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) from 20 controls was studied by means of Northern blot and reversal transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: Northern blot and RT-PCR analyses showed that the expression level of clone 6#11 was significantly higher in AML patients than that in control. Conclusion: Northern blot and RT-PCR analyses revealed that the expression of novel retrovirus were associated with acute myeloid leukemia.
    Chinese Journal of Cancer Research 05/2003; 15(2):98-101. DOI:10.1007/BF02974909 · 0.93 Impact Factor
  • Ning-xi Zhu, Shu Zheng, Rong-zhen Xu, Rong-xi Yu
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of overexpression of S3 ribosomal protein (S3rp) gene on the resistance of leukemia cell to antitumor drugs. Both sense and antisense cDNA recombinants of S3rp gene were constructed with pcDNA3.1 expression vector. Subsequently, the sense S3rp cDNA recombinant was transfected into K562 cells while the antisense one into K562/DOX cells (a multidrug resistant cell line). In addition, empty pcDNA3.1 vector was transfected into the corresponding cells as negative controls. The chemosensitivity of cells was evaluated by MTT assay. Sense S3rp cDNA transfected K562 cells were 5.8 times more resistant to doxorubicin than control cells did, whereas antisense S3rp cDNA transfected K562/DOX cells were 3.2 times less resistant to doxorubicin than control cells did. Overexpression of S3rp gene plays an important role in the development of drug resistance in K562/DOX cells.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 04/2003; 24(3):141-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To clone and screen genes related to multidrug resistance (MDR) in leukemia. Suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) was performed to profile differentially expressed genes between a MDR leukemia cell line (K562/DOX, as tester) and its parent cell line (K562, as driver). Reverse Northern dot blot was carried out to further screen the subtracted cDNA library. The overexpressed cDNA fragments in K562/DOX cells were sequenced and compared with known genes in Genbank. RT-PCR and Northern blot were employed to confirm the differential expression of some identified genes. Eleven genes were identified being overexpressed in K562/DOX, including S3 ribosomal protein (S3rp) gene, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 (ND2) gene and My023 gene, which have not been reported to be related to MDR in cancer. Several genes, which might be involved in MDR were identified, indicating novel mechanisms of MDR in leukemia.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 02/2003; 24(1):14-7.