ABSTRACT: ObjectiveThe purpose of this study is to determine the frequency of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children and investigate if allergenic
rhinitis demonstrated any effects on developmental growth levels and body mass indexes (BMI) in children.
Materials and methods651 students, between 3–15 years of age who were randomly selected from four elementary schools located at Kartal, Istanbul
were assessed according to symptoms and the presence of AR by nasal examination with the aid of a 0 degree 2.7 mm hand rigid
endoscope. Height and weight percentile values of students regarding growth according to age and their BMI were calculated
and statically assessed. Results obtained are presented.
ResultsFindings obtained from a questionnaire and clinical examination does not allow us to perform a definite differentiation regarding
in school children at age 3–5. The prevalence of AR in girls is higher. However, there are no any significant differences
regarding BMIs in children with or without AR (p < 0,142). But there are statistically significant differences regarding height
and weight percentiles in children with and without AR. Accordingly, there was a tendency in children diagnosed with AR to
display low values related with height and weight percentiles. In Pearson chi-square testing, p values of percentile values
related with weight (p < 0,032) and p values of percentiles related with height (p < 0,001) were determined.
ConclusionAR prevalence was higher in girls independently from BMI values. We determined a strong relationship between BMI values and
AR dependant to age and gender.
KeywordsAllergic rhinitis-Body mass index-Growth parameters
Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery 04/2012; 62(1):64-68. · 0.03 Impact Factor