Silvia Vávrová

Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Bratislavsky Kraj, Slovakia

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Publications (8)14.08 Total impact

  • Lenka Valkovicova, Silvia Minarikova Vavrova, Jozef Mravec, Jozef Grones, Jan Turna
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    ABSTRACT: Gene cluster "ter" conferring high tellurite resistance has been identified in various pathogenic bacteria including Escherichia coli O157:H7. However, the precise mechanism as well as the molecular function of the respective gene products is unclear. Here we describe protein-protein association and localization analyses of four essential Ter proteins encoded by minimal resistance-conferring fragment (terBCDE) by means of recombinant expression. By using a two-plasmid complementation system we show that the overproduced single Ter proteins are not able to mediate tellurite resistance, but all Ter members play an irreplaceable role within the cluster. We identified several types of homotypic and heterotypic protein-protein associations among the Ter proteins by in vitro and in vivo pull-down assays and determined their cellular localization by cytosol/membrane fractionation. Our results strongly suggest that Ter proteins function involves their mutual association, which probably happens at the interface of the inner plasma membrane and the cytosol.
    Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 08/2013; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The giant liver fluke, Fascioloides magna, a liver parasite of free-living and domestic ruminants of Europe and North America, was analysed in order to determine the origin of European populations and to reveal the biogeography of this originally North American parasite on the European continent. The variable fragments of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1; 384bp) and nicotinamide dehydrogenase subunit I (nad1; 405bp) were used. Phylogenetic trees and haplotype networks were constructed and the level of genetic structuring was evaluated using population genetic tools. In F. magna individuals originating from all European foci of infection (Italy, Czech Republic and Danube floodplain forests involving the territories of Slovakia, Hungary and Croatia) and from four of five major North American enzootic areas, 16 cox1 and 18 nad1 haplotypes were determined. The concatenated sequence set produced 22 distinct haplotypes. The European fluke populations were less diverse than those from North America in that they contained proportionately fewer haplotypes (eight), while a more substantial level of genetic diversity and a greater number of haplotypes (15) were recorded in North America. Only one haplotype was shared between the European (Italy) and North American (USA/Oregon and Canada/Alberta) flukes, supporting a western North American origin of the Italian F. magna population. Haplotypes found in Italy were distinct from those determined in the remaining European localities which indicates that introduction of F. magna to the European continent occurred more than once. In the Czech focus of infection, a south-eastern USA origin was revealed. Identical haplotypes, common to parasites from the Czech Republic and from an expanding focus in Danube floodplain forests, implies that the introduction of F. magna to the Danube region came from an already established Czech focus of infection.
    International journal for parasitology 03/2011; 41(3-4):373-83. · 3.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ter operon, which is found on a large conjugative plasmid, pTE53, from the uropathogenic strain Escherichia coli KL53, mediates heavy metal ion resistance to tellurium compounds. Here we present the function of the terW gene, which is transcribed from its own promoter in the opposite direction to the terZABCDE loci and encodes a protein of 155 amino acids. A TerW protein containing an N-terminal His-tag was overexpressed, purified and analysed for the in vitro DNA-binding. Green fluorescent protein fusions, a fluorimetric assay, nonradioactive gel retardation and capillary electrophoresis footprinting were used to examine the interaction between the bioinformatically-predicted DNA-binding region and TerW. Here we show that TerW binds specifically to the potential promoter region of the terZABCDE genes, which are responsible for the tellurite resistance of the Escherichia coli host cells. Our results suggest that the transcriptional regulation of ter genes is operon-like.
    Biologia 01/2011; 66:565-573. · 0.51 Impact Factor
  • Prenatal Diagnosis 08/2010; 30(8):806-7. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of tellurite resistance gene operons has been reported in several human pathogens despite the fact that tellurium, as well as its soluble salts, are both rare in nature and are no longer in use as antimicrobial agents. We have introduced the cloned terWZA-F genes from an uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolate into another clinical E. coli isolate that was shown to be ter-gene free. The presence of the introduced genes increased the level of potassium tellurite resistance, as well as the level of resistance to oxidative stress mediated by hydrogen peroxide; and prolonged the ability of particular strains to survive in macrophages. We therefore propose that the contribution of tellurite resistance genes to oxidative stress resistance in bacteria is at least one reason for their presence in the genomes of a broad range of pathogenic microorganisms.
    Central European Journal of Biology 01/2007; 2:182–191. · 0.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have found and sequenced a significant part of the previously described tellurite resistance determinant on mini-Mu derivative pPR46, named pNT3B, originally cloned from a large conjugative plasmid pTE53, found in Escherichia coli. This plasmid contains genes essential for tellurite resistance, together with the protective region bearing genes terX, Y, W, and the conserved spacing region bearing several ORFs of unknown function. Computer analysis of obtained sequence revealed a close similarity to the formerly described ter operons found on the Serratia marcescens plasmid R478 and the chromosome of Escherichia coli O157:H7. This finding confirms the presence of a whole region on the large conjugative plasmid that pTE53 originated from a uropathogenic E. coli strain, and suggests its possible role in horizontal gene transfer, resulting in the development of new pathogenic E. coli strains.
    BioMetals 11/2006; 19(5):453-60. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of tellurite resistance gene operons has been reported in several human pathogens despite the fact that tellurium, as well as its soluble salts, are both rare in nature and are no longer in use as antimicrobial agents. We have introduced the cloned terWZA-F genes from an uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolate into another clinical E. coli isolate that was shown to be ter-gene free. The presence of the introduced genes increased the level of potassium tellurite resistance, as well as the level of resistance to oxidative stress mediated by hydrogen peroxide; and prolonged the ability of particular strains to survive in macrophages. We therefore propose that the contribution of tellurite resistance genes to oxidative stress resistance in bacteria is at least one reason for their presence in the genomes of a broad range of pathogenic microorganisms.
    Central European Journal of Biology 2(2):182-191. · 0.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The enzyme CP4 5-enolpyruvyl shikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS; EC 2.5.1.19) from Agrobacterium tumefaciens CP4, encoded by the aroA gene, has been used for the construction of genetically modified crops resistant to total herbicide glyphosate. During the study of possible horizontal gene transfer of aroA CP4 gene from genetically modified food in gastrointestinal tract to bacterial community living in the animal gut, we have discovered and characterized truncated form of aroA CP4 within the cloning experiments in Escherichia coli. We have compared properties of the recombinant E. coli strains with both CP4 EPSPS enzyme forms.
    Biologia 62(3):265-269. · 0.51 Impact Factor