Sang Kil Lee

Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Genshū, Gangwon-do, South Korea

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Publications (14)51.7 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Although serum pepsinogen tests are useful for predicting the presence of atrophic gastritis, the optimal cut-off values have not been fully evaluated. To determine the optimal serum pepsinogen cut-off value for predicting atrophic gastritis. Patients scheduled for upper endoscopy at Severance Hospital, Korea, between August 2012 and October 2013, were recruited prospectively. Endoscopic biopsies for atrophic gastritis were obtained and histologically graded, based on the updated Sydney system. Ninety-five patients were enrolled in the study. The mean age was 57.7±12.1 years, and 44.2% of the patients were male. Serum pepsinogen I/II ratios were lower in patients with atrophic gastritis than in those without it (antrum, 4.2±1.7 vs. 5.2±2.1, P=0.040; corpus, 3.3±1.9 vs. 5.4±1.9, P<0.001). Serum pepsinogen I/II ratios were significantly correlated with histologic atrophic gastritis (antrum, P=0.030; corpus, P<0.001). Using a cut-off value of 4.9, the sensitivity and specificity of the serum pepsinogen I/II ratio for predicting atrophic gastritis in the antrum were 68.2% and 60.3%, respectively. The optimal serum pepsinogen I/II ratio cut-off values for atrophic gastritis of the antrum and for the corpus were 4.9 and 3.5, respectively. Serum pepsinogen I/II ratios, with these cut-off values, are useful for screening patients for the presence of atrophic gastritis. Copyright © 2015 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 05/2015; 47(8). DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2015.05.014 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Erosive esophagitis and fatty liver share obesity and visceral fat as common critical pathogenesis. However, the relationship between the amount of hepatic fat and the severity of erosive esophagitis was not well investigated, and there is no risk estimation model for erosive esophagitis. Aim: To evaluate the relationship between the amount of hepatic fat and the severity of erosive esophagitis and then develop a risk estimation model for erosive esophagitis. Methods: We enrolled 1045 consecutive participants (training cohort, n = 705; validation cohort, n = 340) who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and CAP. The relationship between severity of fatty liver and erosive esophagitis was investigated, and independent predictors for erosive esophagitis that have been investigated through logistic regression analyses were used as components for establishing a risk estimation model. Results: The prevalence of erosive gastritis was 10.7 %, and the severity of erosive esophagitis was positively correlated with the degree of hepatic fatty accumulation (P < 0.05). A CAP-based risk estimation model for erosive esophagitis using CAP, Body mass index, and significant alcohol Drinking as constituent variables was established and was dubbed the CBD score (AUROC = 0.819, range 0-11). The high-risk group (CBD score ≥3) showed significantly higher risk of having erosive esophagitis than the low-risk group (CBD score <3) (24.1 vs. 2.7 %, respectively; P < 0.001). The diagnostic accuracy of CBD score was maintained in the validation cohort (AUROC = 0.848). Conclusion: The severity of erosive esophagitis was positively correlated with the degree of hepatic fatty accumulation, and the CBD score might be a simple CAP-based risk model for predicting erosive esophagitis.
    Journal of Hepatology 04/2015; 62:S723. DOI:10.1016/S0168-8278(15)31204-6 · 11.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have investigated basic properties of normal gastrointestinal (GI) tract tissues, including glandular stomach (GS), fore stomach (FS), large intestine (LI), small intestine (SI), and esophagus (ESO), from a rat model using terahertz (THz) reflection imaging and spectroscopy. The THz images collected from stratified squamous epithelia (SSE) of FS and ESO show a lower peak-to-peak value compared to those from columnar epithelia (CE) of GS, LI, or SI because the SSE contains less water than CE. The refractive index and absorption coefficient of FS were less than those of GS or LI, both having values similar to those of water. Additionally, we report internal reflection THz signals from ESO, although we were unable to determine the exact interface for this internal reflection.
    Biomedical Optics Express 12/2014; 5(12). DOI:10.1364/BOE.5.004162 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    Sang Kil Lee ·

    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 02/2014; 63(2):137-9. DOI:10.4166/kjg.2014.63.2.137
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    Sang Kil Lee ·

    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 10/2012; 60(4):193-4. DOI:10.4166/kjg.2012.60.4.193
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    ABSTRACT: Circadian rhythm is a fundamental biological system involved in the regulation of various physiological functions. However, little is known about a nature or function of circadian clock in human primary cells. In the present study, we have applied in vitro real time circadian rhythm monitoring to study human clock properties using primary skin fibroblasts. Among factors that affect human physiology, slightly lower extracellular pH was chosen to test its effects on circadian rhythm expression. We established human primary fibroblast cultures obtained from three healthy subjects, stably delivered a circadian reporter gene Bmal1-luciferase, and recorded circadian rhythms in the culture medium at pH 7.2 and 6.7. At pH 7.2, robust and sustained circadian rhythms were observed with average period length 24.47 ± 0.03 h. Such rhythms were also found at pH 6.7; however, period length was significantly shortened to 22.60 ± 0.20, amplitude was increased, and damping rate was decreased. The effect of exposure to low pH on the period length was reversible. The shortened period was unlikely caused by factors affecting cell viability because cell morphology and MTT assay showed no significant difference between the two conditions. In summary, our results showed that the circadian rhythm expression is affected at pH 6.7 in human primary fibroblasts without affecting cell viability.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/2011; 416(3-4):337-42. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.11.037 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We developed an ultra-low field (ULF)-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurement system capable of working with a measurement field (Bm) of several micro-tesla and performed basic NMR studies with a double relaxation oscillation superconducting quantum interference device (DROS) instead of conventional dc-SQUIDs. DROS is a SQUID sensor utilizing a relaxation oscillation between a dc-SQUID and a relaxation circuit; the new unit consists of an inductor and a resistor, and is connected in parallel with the SQUID. DROS has a 10 times larger flux-to-voltage transfer coefficient (∼mV/ϕ0) than that of the dc-SQUID, and this large transfer coefficient enables the acquisition of the SQUID signal with a simple flux-locked-loop (FLL) circuit using room temperature pre-amplifiers. The DROS second-order gradiometer showed average field noise of 9.2 μϕ0/√Hz in a magnetically shielded room (MSR). In addition, a current limiter formed of a Josephson junction array was put in a flux-transformer of DROS to prevent excessive currents that can be generated from the high pre-polarization field (Bp). Using this system, we measured an 1H NMR signal in water under 2.8 μT Bm field and reconstructed a one-dimensional MR image from the 1H NMR signal under a gradient field BG of 4.09 nT/mm. In addition, we confirmed that the ULF-NMR system can measure the NMR signal in the presence of metal without any distortion by measuring the NMR signal of a sample wrapped with metal. Lastly, we have measured the scalar J-coupling of trimethylphosphate and were able to confirm a clear doublet NMR signal with the coupling strength J3[P,H] = 10.4 ± 0.8 Hz. Finally, because the existing ULF-NMR/MRI studies were almost all performed with dc-SQUID based systems, we constructed a dc-SQUID-based ULF-NMR system in addition to the DROS based system and compared the characteristics of the two different systems by operating the two systems under identical experimental conditions.
    Journal of Applied Physics 09/2011; 110(5):053906. DOI:10.1063/1.3626826 · 2.18 Impact Factor
  • Sang Kil Lee · George A Calin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last decade, a growing number of non-coding transcripts have been found to have roles in gene regulation and RNA processing. The most well known small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are the microRNAs (miRNAs), but the network of long and short non-coding transcripts is complex and is likely to contain as yet unidentified classes of molecules that form transcriptional regulatory networks. miRNAs and some other ncRNAs have been found to be involved in human tumorigenesis, revealing a new layer in the molecular architecture of cancer. Gene expression studies have shown that hundreds of miRNAs are deregulated in cancer cells, and functional studies have clarified that miRNAs are involved in all the molecular and biologic processes that drive tumorigenesis. Here, we summarize the recent advances in understanding miRNAs' and other ncRNAs' involvement in cancer and illustrate how this knowledge may be useful in medical practice. New diagnostic classifiers based on miRNAs will soon be available for medical practitioners, and even more importantly, miRNAs may become novel anti-cancer therapies.
    Discovery medicine 03/2011; 11(58):245-54. · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    Sang Kil Lee · George A Calin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Synthetic RNA-based regulatory systems are used to program higher-level biological functions that could be exploited, among many applications, for in vivo diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Chen and colleagues have recently reported a significant technological advance by producing an RNA modular device based on a hammerhead ribozyme and successfully tested its ability to control the proliferation of mammalian T lymphocytes. Like all exciting research, this work raises a lot of significant questions. How quickly will such knowledge be translated into clinical practice? How efficient will this system be in human clinical trials involving adaptive T-cell therapy? We discuss the possible advantages of using such new technologies for specific therapeutic applications.
    Genome Medicine 10/2010; 2(10):77. DOI:10.1186/gm198 · 5.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nitric oxide (NO) may aggravate neuronal damage after spinal cord injury (SCI). We hypothesized that NO produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) accelerates secondary damage to spinal tissue, which may be reversed by the neuroprotectant, melatonin. This study investigated the effects of combination therapy with melatonin (10 mg/kg) and exercise (10 m/min) on recovery from SCI caused by contusion. We examined locomotor recovery, iNOS gene expression, autophagic and apoptotic signaling, including Beclin-1, LC3, p53 and IKKalpha protein expression and histological alterations in the ventral horn of the spinal cord. Melatonin in combination with exercise resulted in significantly increased hindlimb movement (P < 0.05), a reduced level of iNOS mRNA (P < 0.05) and more motor neurons in the ventral horn, versus control SCI and SCI plus exercise alone, with no effect on the other signaling molecules examined. This study shows that combined therapy with melatonin and exercise reduces the degree of secondary damage associated with SCI in rats and supports the possible use of melatonin in combination with exercise to reduce the side effects related to exercise-induced fatigue and impairment.
    Journal of Pineal Research 03/2010; 48(3):270-81. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-079X.2010.00751.x · 9.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Olmesartan medoxomil (OLM) is an antihypertensive angiotensin II receptor blocker. OLM has a low bioavailability (BA), approximately 26% in humans, due to its low water solubility and efflux by drug resistance pumps in the gastrointestinal tract. Self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS), which is easily emulsified in aqueous media under gentle agitation and digestive motility, was formulated to increase the oral BA of OLM. Among the surfactants and oils studied, Capryol 90, Tween 20, and Tetraglycol were chosen and combined at a volume ratio of 1:6:3 on the basis of equilibrium solubility and phase diagram experiments. The mean droplet size of SMEDDS was 15 nm. In an oral absorption study in rats, SMEDDS formulation brought faster absorption compared to suspension, showing a T(max) value of 0.2 hr. The C(max) and AUC values of SMEDDS formulation were significantly higher than those of suspension, revealing a relative BA of about 170%. Our study demonstrated the potential usefulness of SMEDDS for the oral delivery of poorly absorbable compounds, including OLM.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 11/2009; 32(11):1629-35. DOI:10.1007/s12272-009-2117-x · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Self-expanding metal stent has emerged as an effective treatment option for malignant gastroesophageal junction obstruction. However, data on the clinicopathologic factors associated with stent patency are still lacking. To investigate the long-term clinical outcomes and prognostic factors, including treatment modalities, affecting stent patency in patients with malignant gastroesophageal junction obstruction given self-expanding metal stent insertions. A total 89 patients who underwent self-expanding metal stent insertion for malignant gastroesophageal junction obstruction were enrolled. We analysed technical and clinical success rates, complications, and prognostic factors affecting stent patency. Self-expanding metal stent insertion was successful in all patients and clinical improvement was achieved in 93.3%. Stent malfunction occurred in 32.9% of patients. The median overall survival time and stent patency time were 143 (95% CI: 99-187) and 190 days (95% CI: 108-272), respectively. In multivariate analysis, radiation therapy after stent placement significantly prolonged stent patency (OR: 0.221; 95% CI: 0.055-0.884; p=0.033). A higher migration rate was observed in those patients given chemotherapy after covered self-expanding metal stent placement (no anticancer treatment: 10.0%, chemotherapy: 42.9%, chemoradiation therapy: 9.1%, p=0.042). Self-expanding metal stent is a feasible and effective treatment for malignant gastroesophageal junction obstruction. Radiation therapy after stent placement significantly prolongs overall stent patency and chemotherapy increases the migration rate of covered stents.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 09/2009; 42(6):436-40. DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2009.07.020 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genistein (GT) is an isoflavone from Leguminosae and has received much attention as a phytoestrogen. Genistin is a glycoside form of GT (genistein-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, GT-glu) is mainly found in soy-derived foods. In this study, we examined the pharmacokinetic properties and bioavailability of GT in rats and compared with those of GT-glu. In order to characterize and compare the pharmacokinetics of GT and GT-glu, these compounds were administered intravenously and orally. The plasma concentration of GT was determined by HPLC after enzymatic hydrolysis. After oral administration of GT with various doses (4, 20, 40 mg/kg), the bioavailability of GT was 38.58, 24.34 and 30.75%, respectively. The T(max), C(max) and AUC(0-infinity) of GT after oral administration of GT (40 mg/kg), were 2h, 4876.19 ng/ml, 31,269.66 ng h/ml, respectively. When smaller amount of GT was administered, the faster T(max) was observed. Oral administration of GT-glu resulted in longer T(max), lower C(max), and greater bioavailability than that of GT. The pharmacokinetic parameters of GT following oral administration of GT-glu (64 mg/kg as GT-glu, 40 mg/kg as GT) were obtained as follows: 8h (T(max)), 3763.96 ng/ml (C(max)), 51,221.08 ng h/ml (AUC(0-infinity)) and 48.66% (absolute bioavailability), respectively. These results indicate that the oral bioavailability of GT-glu is greater than that of GT.
    International Journal of Pharmaceutics 07/2007; 337(1-2):148-54. DOI:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2006.12.046 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    Jaehwi Lee · Sang Kil Lee · Young Wook Choi · Sang Kil Lww ·
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of storage conditions on the permeability of porcine buccal mucosa to [3H]water and [14C]mannitol was assessed. The fresh porcine buccal tissue (fresh tissue) was obtained by utilizing pig heads within 24 hours of slaughter. The stored and frozen porcine buccal tissues (stored tissue and frozen tissue) were obtained after the storage of the tissue intact in the pig heads at 4 degrees C or -20 degrees C, respectively, for 24 h. The results demonstrated that the barrier properties of the porcine buccal mucosa were maintained with regard to [3H]water permeability when stored at 4 degrees C for 24 h. However, freezing the tissue resulted in tissue damage illustrated by a significant increase in [3H]water permeability. [14C]Mannitol does not appear to be a suitable model solute to assess the ex vivo permeability of porcine buccal mucosa due to its extremely low permeability.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 09/2002; 25(4):546-9. DOI:10.1007/BF02976616 · 2.05 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

130 Citations
51.70 Total Impact Points


  • 2012-2015
    • Wonju Severance Christian Hospital
      Genshū, Gangwon-do, South Korea
  • 2014
    • Yonsei University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Rowe Neuroscience Institute
      Lenexa, Kansas, United States
    • Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science
      • Brain and Cognition Measurement Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010-2011
    • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
      • Department of Experimental Therapeutics
      Houston, TX, United States
  • 2009-2010
    • Inje University
      • • College of Biomedical Science and Engineering
      • • Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering
      Kŭmhae, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Chung-Ang University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea