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ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate 3-year follow-up treatment outcomes with ranibizumab (Lucentis(®) ) 0.5 mg administered either monthly or quarterly on a pro re nata (PRN) basis according to a disease activity-guided monitoring and treatment algorithm. Methods: A total of 316 treatment-naive eyes of 316 patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration met the criteria for inclusion in this retrospective, interventional case series. Patients were treated with ranibizumab 0.5 mg according to a disease activity-guided algorithm with monthly monitoring. Optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography were routinely used to assess disease activity: active lesions were treated with a series of three monthly injections, whereas inactive lesions were treated with quarterly injections. Results: Mean Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study best-corrected visual acuity improved from 52 letters at baseline to 59 letters at 12 months, achieved with a mean of 7.1 injections, 61 letters at 24 months with a mean of 5.0 injections administered in the second year and 60 letters at 36 months with a mean number of 5.2 injections. Conclusions: Monthly visits and a morphology-driven PRN regimen with 3 injections in case of recurrence plus quarterly injections in case of inactive CNV resulted in an average VA gain of 7-9 letters that could be maintained over 3 years.
Acta ophthalmologica 06/2012; · 2.44 Impact Factor