[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A large deviation technique is used to calculate the microcanonical entropy function s(v,m) of the mean-field ϕ 4 -model as a function of the potential energy v and the magnetization m. As in the canonical ensemble, a continuous phase transition is found. An analytical expression is obtained for the critical energy v c (J) as a function of the coupling parameter J. Copyright EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag 2006
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A large deviation technique is applied to the mean-field model Phi4, providing an exact expression for the configurational entropy s(v,m) as a function of the potential energy v and the magnetization m. Although a continuous phase transition occurs at some critical energy vc, the entropy is found to be a real analytic function in both arguments, and it is only the maximization over m which gives rise to a nonanalyticity in s(v)=supm s(v,m). This mechanism of nonanalyticity-generation by maximization over one variable of a real analytic entropy function is restricted to systems with long-range interactions and has--for continuous phase transitions--the generic occurrence of classical critical exponents as an immediate consequence. Furthermore, this mechanism can provide an explanation why, contradictory to the so-called topological hypothesis, the phase transition in the mean-field model need not be accompanied by a topology change in the family of constant-energy submanifolds.