[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Germination of Styrax japonicus seeds is promoted by warm stratification (WS) at 18–20°C followed by cold stratification (CS) at 4–5°. The objective of this
work was to analyze the state and mobility of water molecules measured by 1H-NMR and endogenous gibberellins (GAs) and abscisic acid (ABA) by ultra performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass
spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) as influenced by WS and CS treatments had not previously been investigated. Styrax seeds that received 35 days of WS (35D WS) followed by 63 days of CS (63D CS) (35D WS + 63D CS) germinated. Seeds that received
only 35D WS failed to germinate. Endogenous GA1, GA8, GA19, GA20, and GA53 were identified as well as GA17, GA23, GA28, GA29, and GA97 by gas chromatography/MS (GC/MS) and UPLC-MS/MS in seeds that were treated with warm and cold stratification (WS + CS). This
suggests that the early C-13 hydroxylation pathway [-GA53-(GA44)-GA19-GA20-GA1-GA8] of GAs is a major biosynthetic pathway in the seeds. The concentration of GA53 and GA19 increased following WS and that of GA53 increased after WS + CS. The concentration of GA19 increased only slightly after WS + CS. The concentration of GA1 increased only after WS + CS. ABA concentration significantly decreased following the WS treatment. It is concluded that
the mobility of water molecules and water content in cotyledons and endosperm is increased following WS + CS treatments. The
occurrence of C-13 hydroxylated GAs suggests that the early C-13 hydroxylation pathway, → GA53 → GA44 → GA19 → GA20 → GA1 → GA8, is a major biosynthetic pathway in Styrax seeds.
Additional key wordsgibberellin metabolism–mass spectrometry–mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS)–ultra performance liquid chromatography–water mobility