Gilles Halimi

Hôpital Européen, Marseille, Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France

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Publications (9)75.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) and their association with chronic hepatitis C. To investigate the relations between hemochromatosis gene (HFE) mutations and PCT in the south of France and their links with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The genotype for the C282Y, H63D and S65C mutations of HFE was determined in 33 patients with PCT, 46 patients with HCV infection but without PCT and 58 controls. Iron status and HCV, HBV and HIV serologies were studied in all patients. A statistically significant increase in the C282Y mutation was found in PCT patients. No difference was found for H63D or S65C mutations. The prevalence of HCV infection was higher in PCT patients than controls. C282Y mutations and HCV infection but not H63D or S65C mutations are PCT-triggering or associated factors in the south of France.
    Dermatology 02/2003; 206(3):212-6. · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Different isolates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) show nucleotide sequence variability throughout the genome. Detection of antibodies to recombinant proteins derived from hepatitis C virus genotype 1, the prototype HCV clone HCV-PT, constitutes the main method for screening HCV infection. The influence of the genomic variability on the serological diagnosis of HCV by enzyme immunoassay remains poorly defined. The aim of this study was to assess the serological reactivity of a panel of well characterized French HCV isolates typed by sequence analysis from patients with chronic hepatitis. The 73 sera samples were tested in three third generation EIA tests and three confirmatory assays. HCV isolates were determined by RT-PCR and sequencing in NS5B region of the genome. The 73 sera were positive in the three EIA tests. The three confirmatory tests showed a weaker reactivity with NS5 protein whatever the genotype, and a lower reactivity in NS4 antigens of non-type 1 sequences, particularly for genotype 3. Even though the reactivity of the antigens differed among the HCV isolates, the 73 isolates from genotype 1-6 were reactive with the three commercial screening assays. These results demonstrate that using a single test is adequate in the routine diagnosis of HCV infection in clinical laboratory, as recommended by the last French and European consensus conference.
    Journal of Viral Hepatitis 12/2002; 9(6):438-42. · 3.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In hepatitis C virus-1b, it has been suggested that an amino acid stretch (aa 2209-2248) of the carboxy terminal half of the non-structural 5A (NS5A) region participates in the response to interferon treatment. We tested the hypothesis that absence of mutations in the NS5A (aa 2209-2248) sequence is required for interferon resistance. We also investigated the importance of different HCV-1b isolates in interferon response in France. We determined the NS5A sequences of 70 patients with chronic hepatitis C before IFN therapy and then compared them with HCV-J prototype sequence. The isolates were determined by NS5B sequencing, the "gold standard" method for genotyping and subtyping. Pre-therapeutic viral load was also measured. No sustained virological response was observed in the patients without amino acid substitutions in the NS5A (aa 2209-2248) sequence, and in the patients with HCV-J isolates. Viral load was significantly higher in the patients with no amino acid substitutions in the NS5A (aa 2209-2248) sequence. In HCV-lb infected patients, an HCV-J strain with no amino acid substitution in the NS5A (aa 2209 2248) region indicates a poor prognosis for response to IFN therapy. The low interferon response rate in HCV-lb infection in Europe is probably not due to a difference between isolates.
    Liver International 11/2000; 20(5):381-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Vertical transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is well established but its incidence is low. To assess the molecular evidence of mother-to-infant transmission or intrafamilial transmission of HCV, the NS5 B region and the hypervariable region 1 (HVR1) of the E2/NS1 region of the HCV genome from each member of a family were investigated. A 35-year-old mother with chronic hepatitis C virus infection and her four infected boys were studied. The same HCV 1a genotype was found in all five. Phylogenetic analysis was done by the neighbor-joining, the maximum likelihood, and the maximum parsimony methods. Comparison of the phylogenetic trees in the NS5B and HVR1 regions showed that the sequences in the children were more closely related to the population of variants of their own mother than to any genotype la sequence available in the databases. However, four HVR1 clones from two brothers (E2 and E3) had a strong homology, but were significantly divergent from the variants of the mother. These results suggest that a cluster of HCV strains exists in the family and that E3 could have been superinfected by E2 HCV strains and reciprocally. In conclusion, phylogenetic analysis through variable regions of the genome suggests that at least two modes of transmission are involved in this family: perinatal and horizontal.
    Journal of Hepatology 07/1999; 30(6):970-8. · 10.40 Impact Factor
  • The Lancet 11/1998; 352(9136):1309; author reply 1310-1. · 39.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Quantitation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA in serum has been used to predict and monitor the efficacy of interferon therapy in chronic HCV infection. We prospectively studied the fluctuation of viremia by a longitudinal follow-up of HCV RNA levels for 2 months in six untreated patients. Spontaneous fluctuations of HCV RNA ranged from 2.8- to 5.7-fold with branched DNA assay and from 2.9- to 5.6-fold with Monitor. These large spontaneous fluctuations (up to 0.75 log), observed daily, weekly, and monthly, raise doubt about the clinical value of a single assessment of pretherapeutic viremia.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 08/1998; 36(7):2073-5. · 4.23 Impact Factor
  • La Revue de Médecine Interne 01/1998; 19. · 1.32 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hepatology 01/1998; 28:106-106. · 10.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis G virus (HGV) and hepatitis GB virus (GBV-C) have been reported as possible causes of non-A-E transfusional hepatitis. To assess the prevalence of hepatitis G virus infection in haemophiliacs we retrospectively investigated the presence of viral RNA in 92 patients with and without HCV infection. HGV/GBV-C RNA was reverse transcribed and amplified with primers from the 5' non-coding region of the genome. RNA was detected in 16/92 patients (17.4%). Restriction enzyme analysis revealed that the 16 patients belonged to the HGV-like genotype. Serology with E2-specific antibodies demonstrated that HGV viraemia underestimates previous infection by HGV. 33 patients were positive for HGV; all but two have cleared HGV RNA. 47/92 patients had a marker of prior infection by HGV. No difference between HGV RNA positive and negative patients was observed concerning age, diagnosis, HIV and HCV status. Previous HBV infection correlated with the frequency of HGV infection. There was no difference in alanine aminotransferase levels between HGV positive and negative patients. All 18 patients exposed to only virally inactivated plasma-derived concentrates were negative for both HGV RNA and anti E2 antibodies. Prior exposure to untreated concentrates correlated with HGV viraemia (P=0.03), HGV seropositivity (P=0.0002), and markers of HGV infection (P<0.0001). In haemophiliacs with a past exposure to non-inactivated concentrates, persistence of HCV RNA (53/74 patients) was more frequent than HGV RNA persistence (16/74 patients) although HGV viraemia is more frequent than HCV viraemia in blood donors. This may be related to a greater ability of individuals to clear HGV infection and suggests that hepatitis G virus infection in multi-transfused patients has a better outcome than infection with other blood-borne viruses.
    British Journal of Haematology 10/1997; 99(1):209-14. · 4.96 Impact Factor