R. Pandi

University of British Columbia - Vancouver, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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Publications (3)3.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The austenite decomposition has been investigated in two hypoeutectoid plain carbon steels under continuous cooling conditions using a dilatometer on a Gleeble 1500 thermomechanical simulator. The experimental results were used to verify model calculations based on a fundamental approach for the dilute ternary system, Fe-C-Mn. The austenite-to-ferrite transformation start temperature can be predicted from a nucleation model for slow cooling rates and small austenite grain sizes, where ferrite nucleates at austenite grain corners. The nuclei are assumed to have an equilibrium composition and a pillbox shape in accordance with minimal interfacial energy. For higher cooling rates or larger austenite grain sizes, early growth has to be taken into account to describe the transformation start, and nucleation is also encouraged at the remaining sites of the austenite grain boundaries. In contrast to nucleation, growth of the ferrite is characterized by paraequilibrium;i.e., only carbon can redistribute, whereas the diffusion of Mn is too slow to allow full equilibrium in the ternary system. However, Mn segregation to the moving ferrite-austenite interface has to be considered. The latter, in turn, exerts a solute draglike effect on the boundary movement. Thus, growth kinetics are controlled by carbon diffusion in austenite modified by interfacial segregation of Mn. Employing a phenomenological segregation model, good agreement has been achieved with the measurements.
    Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 05/1996; 27(6):1547-1556. DOI:10.1007/BF02649814 · 1.73 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The austenite decomposition has been investigated in a hypo-eutectoid plain carbon steel under continuous cooling conditions using a dilatometer and a Gleeble 1500 thermomechanical simulator. The experimental results were used to verify model calculations based on a fundamental approach for the dilute ternary systems Fe-C-Mn. The austenite to ferrite transformation start temperature can be predicted from a nucleation model for slow cooling rates. The formation of ferrite nuclei takes place with equilibrium composition on austenite grain boundaries. The nuclei are assumed to have a pill box shape in accordance with minimal interfacial energy. For higher cooling rates, early growth has to be taken into account to describe the transformation start. In contrast to nucleation, growth of the ferrite is characterized by paraequilibrium; i.e. only carbon can redistribute, whereas the diffusion of Mn is too slow to allow full equilibrium in the ternary system. However, Mn segregation to the moving ferrite-austenite interface has to be considered. The latter, in turn, exerts a solute drag effect on the boundary movement. Thus, growth kinetics is controlled by carbon diffusion in austenite modified by interfacial segregation of Mn. Employing a phenomenological segregation model, good agreement has been achieved with the measurements.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the processing of steel, the design of any kind of heat treatment and/or thermomechanical processing schedule, to obtain a given microstructure, is greatly facilitated by the knowledge of the austenite-to-ferrite transformation characteristics. In the past, isothermal and continuous cooling tests were used in the laboratory to create time-temperature-transformation and continuous cooling transformation diagrams, respectively, which then served as the source of transformation data. The problem with such information is that it is only truly applicable to one particular microstructure, usually one resulting from a simple reheating cycle in the austenite region. Most industrial steel processing operations additionally involve several stages of high-temperature deformation leading to changes in the microstructure emerging from the final pass. To account for this situation, a novel laboratory method for the determination of the transformation characteristics, based on continuous cooling deformation testing, was developed. A major attraction of this test technique is that the specific microstructure, for which the transformation characteristics are required, can be generated by hot deformation and then immediately evaluated by continuous cooling deformation. In this article, the basic continuous cooling deformation test technique and general methods of data analysis are illustrated, using results from several different grades of steel.
    Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 11/1993; 24(1):2657-2665. DOI:10.1007/BF02666271 · 1.73 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

65 Citations
3.46 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1993–1996
    • University of British Columbia - Vancouver
      • • Centre for Metallurgical Process Engineering (CMPE)
      • • Department of Materials Engineering
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada