[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primulina tabacum Hance, is a critically endangered perennial endemic to limestone area in South China. Genetic variability within and among four extant populations of this species was assessed using AFLP markers. We expected a low genetic diversity level of this narrowly distributed species, but our results revealed that a high level of genetic diversity remains, both at population level (55.5% of markers polymorphic, H (E) = 0.220, I (S) = 0.321), and at species level (P = 85.6% of markers polymorphic, H (E) = 0.339, I (S) = 0.495), probably resulting from its refugial history and/or breeding system. High levels of genetic differentiation among populations was apparent based on Nei's genetic diversity analysis (G (st)=0.350). The restricted gene flow between populations is a potential reason for the high genetic differentiation. The population genetic diversity of P. tabacum revealed here has clear implications for conservation and management. To maintain present levels of genetic diversity, in situ conservation of all populations is necessary.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study determined the sequences of chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) trnL-F non-coding regions of individuals of a tropical coniferous species, Dacrydium pectinatum, collected from 12 natural populations located in Hainan Province, southern China. Sequence length varied from 868 bp to
876 bp, indicating length polymorphism. Base composition in the sequences was high in A+T content between 64.17% and 64.95%,
and no recombination event occurred (Rm = 0). Thirty haplotypes were identified based on statistical parsimony algorithm by
running the TCS program. Populations of D. pectinatum in Hainan were lacking genetic differentiation. Such a deduction was supported by the observed F
ST values (0.00), AMOVA (24.17% of molecular variance attributed to difference among populations, P>0.05), high values of Nm (ranging from 1.92 to 2.50) and the branching structure in neighbor-joining (NJ) tree constructed from haplotypes. A ‘star-like’
pattern was exhibited in the TCS network of trnL-F haplotypes, and majority of the haplotypes coalesced near the tips in NJ tree. Gene genealogies of cpDNA haplotypes proposed
a recent population expansion of D. pectinatum in Hainan, which was further supported by the results from Tajima’s D test and mismatch distribution analysis. Our data, in conjunction with geological and palynological evidences, showed that
in the Holocene, due to global warming, refugee populations of D. pectinatum in Hainan might experience a range expansion.
Frontiers of Biology in China 01/2006; 1(3):263-269.