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Publications (5)6.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support is a widely accepted treatment option for patients with cardiogenic shock, but it is still related to a high incidence of severe complications and death. We present an alternative implantation technique to prevent life-threatening vascular complications. Methods: Between January 2008 and January 2011, a total of 28 patients with acute myocardial failure and consecutive cardiogenic shock required ECMO as supportive treatment. Pre-implantation procedures were isolated CABG, CABG combined with mitral valve reconstruction or ventricular septal defect closure, respectively. The implantation of ECMO was performed by connecting the ascending aorta via an 8 mm Dacron prosthesis with the arterial line and percutaneous puncture of the femoral vein. The chest was closed after installation of ECMO was completed. The arterial line was directed subxyphoidally and removal was possible without thoracotomy. Results: Average support duration was 8.7 ± 3.9 days. An additional intra-aortic balloon pump was used in 23 patients (89.3%). Cerebrovascular events occurred in 21.4% and gastrointestinal complications in 9.1%. Acute renal failure was treated with continuous renal replacement therapy in 64.3%. In eight cases a systemic infection had to be treated. One patient with pre-existing severe peripheral arterial disease suffered from limb malperfusion, requiring leg amputation. Twelve patients were successfully weaned from ECMO and 8 patients (28.6%) were discharged from hospital. Conclusions: This alternative cannulation strategy offers effective cardiopulmonary support while minimizing the risk of limb hypo- or hyperperfusion without requiring reopening of the thorax.
    The International journal of artificial organs 08/2013; · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES In accordance with the rising prevalence of octogenarians undergoing cardiac surgery, these patients utilize an increasing portion of intensive care unit (ICU) capacities, provoking economic and ethical concerns. In this study, we evaluated the outcomes and costs generated by the prolonged postoperative ICU treatment of octogenarians.METHODS Between July 2009 and August 2010, 109 of 1063 patients required ICU treatment of at least 5 days after cardiac surgery. Patients were retrospectively assigned to either Group A (age <80, n = 86) or Group B (age ≥80, n = 23). Operative risk, mortality, length and costs of ICU treatment were analysed and compared. After 1 year, survival, quality of life (QOL) and functional status were assessed.RESULTSHospital mortality was 31.4% in Group A and 56.5% in Group B. Survivals of discharged patients after 1 year were 83% (Group A) and 80% (Group B), respectively. Log EuroSCORE I of octogenarians was significantly higher (30 ± 17 vs 20 ± 16, P < 0.001). No significant differences (Group A vs Group B) were found between the groups concerning length of ICU treatment (20 ± 21 vs 16 ± 14 days, P = 0.577) or costs (27 205 ± 29 316€ vs 21 821 ± 16 259€, P = 0.812). Functional capacity, calculated by using Barthel index, was high (Group A: 87 ± 22 and Group B: 67 ± 31, P = 0.108) and did not differ significantly between groups. QOL, measured with the short form-12 health survey, did not differ significantly between groups (physical health summary score: P = 0.27; mental health score: P = 0.885) and was comparable with values of the age-adjusted general population.CONCLUSIONS Presented data propose that advanced age is correlated with a higher mortality, but not with prolonged ICU treatment or higher costs after cardiac surgery. Considering the encouraging functional status and QOL of the survivors, the financial burden caused by octogenarians is justified.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 05/2013; · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The rising prevalence of multimorbid patients undergoing cardiac surgery often leads to prolonged postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) treatment. The fate of these patients after discharge is poorly investigated. This study is aimed to assess survival, functional outcome, and quality of life (QOL) in patients after an ICU stay of at least 5 days.Materials and Methods Between August 2009 and July 2010, 1,092 patients underwent various cardiac procedures. Of these patients, 119 required ICU treatment of at least 5 days. Preoperative characteristics as well as postoperative course were analyzed and the discharged patients were contacted after 1 year to gain information about survival, functional capacity, and QOL.Results European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation I of the patients was 22.3 ± 16.7. Mean ICU stay was 19 ± 20 days. Forty three patients (36.1%) died in the hospital, 1-year overall survival was 46.2%, and 1-year survival of the discharged patients was 72.4%. Barthel mobility index was 85, showing a satisfactory mobilization. QOL, assessed with short form 12 questionnaire, was comparable with the reference group.Conclusion Long-term ICU treatment after cardiac surgery is related to a high in-hospital and follow-up mortality. The physical and psychological recovery of the survivors is encouraging, justifying the extensive engagement of hospital resources.
    The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 04/2013; · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Partial upper sternotomy is a routine approach to aortic valve surgery. For surgery of the ascending aorta or the aortic arch, this method is not well established yet. METHODS: From October 2007 to October 2010, 50 consecutive patients underwent procedures of the ascending aorta and the aortic arch using partial upper sternotomy. Thirty-six patients underwent replacement or tightening of the ascending aorta, 11 patients received additional replacement of the proximal arch and in 3 cases, a complete replacement of the aortic arch was performed. Thirty-nine patients underwent additional aortic valve surgery. RESULTS: Mean operation time was 249 ± 51 min. Mean aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time were 95 ± 27 and 141 ± 35 min, respectively. No conversion to conventional sternotomy was performed. All valves appeared competent on postoperative echocardiography. Survival was 100%. One re-exploration for bleeding was necessary. One stroke (2%) occurred, one pacemaker was implanted due to third-degree AV block and 16 patients (32%) experienced atrial fibrillation. One patient suffered from sternal wound infection. One patient needed reoperation due to severe aortic insufficiency on postoperative day 13. Median postoperative ventilation time was 13 h, median intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay were 22 h and 7 days, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Results show that minimally invasive surgical procedures of the ascending aorta and the aortic arch may be performed safely, with an excellent clinical outcomes and superior cosmesis. Short ICU and hospital stay indicate the beneficial effects of reduced surgical trauma for patient recovery.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 06/2012; · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon - THORAC CARDIOVASC SURG. 01/2010; 58.