ABSTRACT: Single cell analytics allows quantitative investigation of single biological cells from a structural, functional and proteomics
point of view and opens possibilities to a novel unamplified cell analysis inherently insensitive to ensemble-averaging, cell-cycle
or cell-population effects.
We report on three different experimental methods and their application to cellular systems with single molecule sensitivity
at the single cell level. Firstly, atomic force microscopy (AFM) can be used to elucidate the surface structure of living
bacteria down to the nanometer scale where identification of irregular surface areas and 2D-arrays of regular protein s-layers
is possible. Secondly, single cell manipulation and probing experiments with optical tweezers (OT) force spectroscopy allows
quantitative identification of individual recognition events of membrane bound receptors. And thirdly, a novel, single cell
analysis for protein fingerprinting in structured microfluidic device format will allow a future (label-free) on-chip electrophoretical
protein separation of single cells without preamplification.
Nanobiotechnology 04/2012; 1(3):267-270.